Deforestation statistics for Nepal



Total land area: Nepal

Total land areaha
Land area14,783,624
Tree cover in 20184,787,946

 

Forest and tree cover extent: Nepal

Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for Nepal. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
20005,165,432
2001725,085
2010722,9154,805,818
2018721,6484,787,946
Primary/Total tree cover
2018
15%
Tree cover/Total land area
2018
32.4%

 

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Nepal

Annual loss of primary forest cover and tree cover for Nepal by year. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
20011,525
20021702,130
20032852,292
20041752,482
20052352,482
20062503,258
20072683,469
20081712,996
20094775,532
20101422,350
20111042,822
20122095,051
201351836
2014591,163
201598582
2016184999
20174112,396
20181511,673
Primary loss 2002-20183,437
Tree cover loss
2001-2018
42,513
Primary loss/
Total tree cover loss
8.1%
Percent loss
2001-2018
0.5%
Loss/year
(2001/2-2010)
241.16 2,852
Loss/year
(2011-2018)
158.34 1,940

 

Biodiversity data: Nepal

Species count by taxa for Nepal. For consistency, all data for a given group comes from a single source. Amphibians - amphibiaweb; Reptiles - reptile-database; Fish - fishbase; Birds - birdlife; Mammals - IUCN; and Plants - World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
Animal / plant groupSpecies count
Birds822
Amphibians56
Reptiles148
Fishes291
Mammals182
Vascular plants6973

 

Conservation data: Nepal

Data on threatened species in Nepal as of 2018, according to the IUCN Red List.
TaxaSpecies count
Threatened mammals (2018)29
Threatened birds (2018)38
Threatened fishes (2018)7
Threatened higher plants (2018)18

 

Protected areas data: Nepal

Data on threatened species in Nepal as of 2017, according to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) maintained by the United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Protected areas (2017)Percentage
Terrestrial protected areas,
% of total land area
23.6
Marine protected areas,
% of territorial waters

 

Tree cover loss data for Nepal

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
loss 2001-2018
(ha)
% tree
cover loss
since 2000
Avg tree cover
loss/year
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2001-2010
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2011-2018
(ha)
1014783624560482337.90%544262236.80%542580136.70%471710.80%262130352103
1514783624542568936.70%517830035.00%516201934.90%460710.80%256029792035
2014783624537061136.30%513702334.70%512094534.60%453500.80%251929272010
2514783624530556535.90%494201333.40%492612633.30%448510.80%249228961986
3014783624516543234.90%480581832.50%479029632.40%443150.90%246228791940
5014783624431178729.20%355064024.00%353750123.90%366690.90%203723531642
7514783624213378514.40%170899611.60%170133611.50%225421.10%12521488958

 

Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for Nepal

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Biomass
loss 2001-18
(Mt)
Avg biomass
loss/year
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
(Mt)
101478362456048235442622262339592911708670650482214658971192550
151478362454256895178300257802404311554052641892211824391176802
201478362453706115137023256261105811437407635412209685671164920
251478362453055654942013254400389411364394631355208347121157484
301478362451654324805818250460367511287089627061206929831149610
50147836244311787355064021928226269844973546943180491271002729
7514783624213378517089961190859276660044136669112100792672266

 

Tree cover data for subnational administrative areas in Nepal

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
% cover
in 2018
Loss
2001-2018
(ha)
% loss
since 2000
Avg loss/year
since 2000
(ha)
Loss 2001-2010
(ha)
loss
between
2000-2010
Avg loss/year 2001-2010
(ha)
Loss 2011-2018
(ha)
loss
between
2011-2018
Avg loss/year 2011-2018
(ha)
Central274998111616081128039112333541%130491%72583451%83547040%588
East285183085493584668884485030%54551%30336170%36218380%230
Far-Western197767389111381348881154741%82581%45963171%63219410%243
Mid-Western425372813408071170427116543727%114581%63764680%64749900%624
West295041291696984717684512729%60951%33940460%40520490%256

 

Carbon dioxide emissions data for subnational administrative areas in Nepal

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2011-18 (Mt)
Central2749981116160811280395703534315835830324213373386262746
East2851830854935846688379125988222880012382214800193599
Far-Western19776738911138134884692658804076228226457313781117302
Mid-Western4253728134080711704276559770865478363304354314133292130
West29504129169698471764298812903073762170765209601122219

 

Biomass data for subnational administrative areas in Nepal

This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Avg biomass
per ha
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2011-18 (Mt)
Central2749981116160811280393111018712683183186176844203666143316
East28518308549358466882067959942421215706675398072751054
Far-Western1977673891113813488255963207288222339712352217115363983
Mid-Western4253728134080711704273578056842672988201166011171345159344
West295041291696984717623448070325616765999314411432866665

 

 

Archived forest data for Nepal | Forest data for Nepal

 

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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