STATISTICS: Palau


Palau

87.0% —or about 40,000 hectares—of Palau is forested.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Palau gained an average of 200 hectares of forest per year. The amounts to an average annual reforestation rate of 0.53%. Between 2000 and 2005, the rate of forest change decreased by 100.0% to 0.00% per annum. In total, between 1990 and 2005, Palau gained 5.3% of its forest cover, or around 2,000 hectares. Measuring the total rate of habitat conversion (defined as change in forest area plus change in woodland area minus net plantation expansion) for the 1990-2005 interval, Palau gained 5.3% of its forest and woodland habitat.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Palau has some 142 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 16.9% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.9% are threatened. 0.0% of Palau is protected under IUCN categories I-V.






Books

Palau: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)46,000
Total Forest Area (ha)40,000
Percent Forest Cover86.96%
Primary Forest Cover (ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Primary Forest, % total land-
Other wooded land (ha)-


Palau : Forest types
Tropical (% forest area)100%
Subtropical (% forest area)0%
Temperate (% forest area)0%
Boreal/polar (% forest area)0%


Palau: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)--
Modified natural (ha | %)--
Semi-natural (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--


Palau: Change in Forest Cover
TOTAL FOREST COVER
Forest 1990 (ha)38,000
Forest 2000 (ha)40,000
Forest 2005 (ha)40,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)2000.53%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)2,0005.26%
Change in rate (%)-100.00%
PRIMARY FOREST COVER
Primary 1990 (ha)-
Primary 2000 (ha)-
Primary 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
OTHER WOODED LAND
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
PLANTATIONS
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
TOTAL DEGRADATION/CONSERVSION
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)38,000
Other 2000 (ha)40,000
Other 2005 (ha)40,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)2000.53%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)2,0005.26%
Change in rate (%)-100.00%


Palau: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)0
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)0.00%


Palau: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)-
Protection (%)-
Conservation (%)-
Social Services (%)-
Multiple Services (%)100.0%
None of Unknown (%)-


Palau: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)-
Insects (ha)-
Diseases (ha)-
Other (ha)-


Palau: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 20051
World Heritage sites, 20040
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land0.0%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land0.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 20040.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 20040.00%


Palau: Biodiversity - Wildlife
Amphibians
total species1
endemic species1
threatened species0
Birds
total species112
endemic species17
threatened species2
Mammals
total species8
endemic species1
threatened species3
Reptiles
total species21
endemic species5
threatened species2
Wildlife diversity
total species142
endemic species24
threatened species7


Palau: Biodiversity - Plants
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
-
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
-
Number of Native tree species
Native tree species-
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Critically Endangered0
Endangered0
Vulnerable3
Vascular Plant Species, 2004
Total
Number endemic0
Number of Threatened Plant Species, 2004
Species threatened3


Palau: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)-
Below-ground biomass (M t)-
Dead wood (M t)-
Total (M t)-
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in dead wood (M t)-
Carbon in litter (M t)-
Soil carbon (M t)-
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
1990-2000-
2000-2005-
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
1990-2000-
2000-2005-
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)-
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)-
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)-
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)-
Plant products 2005
Food (t)-
Fodder (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)-
Ornamental plants (t)-
Exudates (t)-
Other plant products (t)-
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)-
Hides, skins and trophies (units)-
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)-
Bush meat (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Other edible animal products (t)-
Other non-edible animal products (t)-
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)-
Wood fuel (US$)-
Non-wood forest products (US$)-
Total value (US$)-
Total value ($USD/ha)$-
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employed-


Palau : Production, trade and consumption of forest products, 2002
Woodfuel ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production-
Imports-
Exports-
Consumption0
Industrial roundwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production-
Imports1
Exports-
Consumption1
Sawnwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production-
Imports3
Exports-
Consumption3
Wood-based panels ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production-
Imports1
Exports-
Consumption1
Pulp for paper ('000 metric tons), 2002
Production-
Imports-
Exports-
Consumption0
Paper and paperboard ('000 metric tons), 2002
Production-
Imports0
Exports0
Consumption0
Palau: Environment
Environment - current issuesinadequate facilities for disposal of solid waste; threats to the marine ecosystem from sand and coral dredging, illegal fishing practices, and overfishing
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Natural hazardstyphoons (June to December)


Palau: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 8.7%
permanent crops: 4.35%
other: 86.95% (2001)
Natural resourcesforests, minerals (especially gold), marine products, deep-seabed minerals


Palau: Economy
Economy - overview:The economy consists primarily of tourism, subsistence agriculture, and fishing. The government is the major employer of the work force, relying heavily on financial assistance from the US. Business and tourist arrivals numbered 63,000 in 2003. The population enjoys a per capita income twice that of the Philippines and much of Micronesia. Long-run prospects for the key tourist sector have been greatly bolstered by the expansion of air travel in the Pacific, the rising prosperity of leading East Asian countries, and the willingness of foreigners to finance infrastructure development.
GDP - per capita$9,000 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)1% (2001 est.)
Agriculture - productscoconuts, copra, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: NA, industry: NA, services: NA
Industries tourism, craft items (from shell, wood, pearls), construction, garment making
Economic aid - recipient$155.8 million ; note - the Compact of Free Association with the US, entered into after the end of the UN trusteeship on 1 October 1994, provides Palau with up to $700 million in US aid over 15 years in return for furnishing military facilities
Debt - external$0 (FY99/00)
Population below poverty line (%)NA
Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 20%, industry NA, services NA (1990)


Palau: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)20,303
Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.39%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)44.3
Percent rural (2003)31.4%
Median age (years)total: 31.43 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.46 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)Palauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 69.9%, Carolinian 1.4%, other Micronesian 1.1%, Filipino 15.3%, Chinese 4.9%, other Asian 2.4%, white 1.9%, other or unspecified 3.2% (2000 census)


[an error occurred while processing this directive] Palau: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use6,700 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular1,000 (2002)
Roadways (km)total: 61 km
paved: 36 km
unpaved: 25 km


Palau: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 70.14 years
male: 66.98 years
female: 73.48 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate14.84 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA

Palau : References & Data Sources


 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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