Deforestation statistics for Peru



Peru: Demographic data

Population (2022)32,971,854
Annual population growth rate (2022)1.40%
Population density (people/sq km)26
Net migration99,069
Fertility rate2.3
Median age31
Urban population share79%


Peru: Land cover and land use change data
Land area (sq km): 1,280,000
Tree cover (30%)
Tree cover extent in 2000 (ha): 78,087,181
Tree cover extent as % of land area: 61.00%

Tree cover loss from 2001-20 (ha): 3,394,053
Tree cover extent as % of 2000 tree cover: 4.30%
Tropical primary forest
Primary forest extent in 2001 (ha): 69,125,399
Primary forest extent as % of land area: 54.00%
Primary forest extent as % of 2000 tree cover: 88.50%

Primary forest loss from 2002-20 (ha): 2,158,730
Primary forest loss from 2002-20 as % of 2001 primary forest cover: 3.10%

Primary forest extent in 2020 (ha): 66,966,669
Primary forest extent in 2020 as % of land area: 52.30%
Primary forest extent in 2020 as % of 2000 tree cover area: 86%


Peru: Annual forest and tree cover data



Peru: Tropical primary forest loss by year All figures in hectares
Year: Hectares
2002: 46,059
2003: 43,733
2004: 62,035
2005: 97,399
2006: 58,813
2007: 77,992
2008: 88,797
2009: 120,186
2010: 100,970
2011: 88,886
2012: 177,236
2013: 142,870
2014: 133,107
2015: 104,864
2016: 142,720
2017: 181,090
2018: 140,185
2019: 161,590
2020: 190,199


Peru: Tree cover loss by year 30% tree cover threshold; all figures in hectares
Year: Hectares
2001: 86,014
2002: 80,452
2003: 73,869
2004: 101,320
2005: 163,023
2006: 88,916
2007: 115,743
2008: 126,614
2009: 177,914
2010: 142,324
2011: 125,265
2012: 275,458
2013: 209,307
2014: 205,452
2015: 166,500
2016: 230,961
2017: 303,280
2018: 211,726
2019: 231,257
2020: 278,657




Tree cover loss by year at the subnational level (administrative level 1)

Sub-national admin area 1Tree cover extent
(2001)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-05)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2006-10)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2011-15)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2016-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
%
Amazonas3,492,64918,71823,35630,02748,765120,8663.5%
Huánuco2,276,16164,61877,737129,884124,459396,69817.4%
Ica67000000.0%
Junín2,435,63028,60131,42651,89993,686205,6118.4%
La Libertad227,4237269281,0281,4074,0901.8%
Lambayeque74,8093033473631,3082,3223.1%
Lima Province0000000.0%
Lima16,5157853230.1%
Loreto36,864,80096,283141,087220,880276,850735,1012.0%
Madre de Dios8,302,66836,86046,54073,402115,579272,3823.3%
Moquegua508331181.5%
Ancash83,5602681931952188731.0%
Pasco1,713,76922,35826,76449,76456,213155,0999.1%
Piura541,7244,4444,2495,3754,67618,7443.5%
Puno1,557,0064,0385,5096,99221,88038,4192.5%
San Martín4,665,855115,565155,222171,873172,524615,18313.2%
Tacna153000000.1%
Tumbes132,1991862634101349920.8%
Ucayali10,312,86281,289104,138196,874252,823635,1256.2%
Apurímac117,0318305687208122,9302.5%
Arequipa2,68941161031983.6%
Ayacucho383,4073,4314,5926,58413,12227,7297.2%
Cajamarca1,146,2219,77611,53711,91520,75253,9814.7%
Callao0000000.0%
Cusco3,655,19115,81116,51622,80449,632104,7632.9%
Huancavelica84,3235215139781,0063,0183.6%




Tree cover loss by year at the subnational level (administrative level 2)

Sub-national admin area 1Admin area 2Tree cover extent
(2000)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-05)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2006-10)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2011-15)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2016-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
%
AmazonasBagua488,6651,0832,1962,7726,03612,0882.5%
AmazonasBongará200,2251,1491,7081,2761,8676,0003.0%
AmazonasChachapoyas51,2774694602994081,6373.2%
AmazonasCondorcanqui1,702,0052,7045,3809,01718,80035,9012.1%
AmazonasLuya96,0377849778561,0673,6843.8%
AmazonasRodríguez de Mendoza193,8762,8713,0222,6843,08111,6586.0%
AmazonasUtcubamba166,6067431,0859051,1083,8412.3%
HuánucoAmbo333111241.3%
HuánucoPuerto Inca790,18031,54951,85682,62565,982232,01229.4%
HuánucoDos de Mayo7,356409957572543.4%
HuánucoHuacaybamba56,0142293263193421,2162.2%
HuánucoHuamalíes98,4526177501,4621,1814,0104.1%
HuánucoHuenuco112,2341,3231,7692,0872,0537,2316.4%
HuánucoLeoncio Prado375,6124,5505,4267,70511,54429,2257.8%
HuánucoMarañón243,4272,7953,6537,7097,63421,7909.0%
HuánucoPachitea62,3584636899291,1713,2525.2%
JunínChanchamayo170,3661,3651,8803,4615,24211,9487.0%
JunínConcepción4,273122739291062.5%
JunínHuancayo19,92231451841994592.3%
JunínJauja47,570801784995631,3192.8%
JunínJunín16,0432737631142411.5%
JunínSatipo1,529,48511,00417,55725,12948,110101,8006.7%
JunínTarma11,2668142639870.8%
JunínYauli00000040.0%
La LibertadPataz50,816721821501805841.1%
LambayequeFerreñafe4,74242365137950810.7%
LimaCajatambo0000000.0%
LimaHuaral0000000.0%
LimaHuarochiri1000000.0%
LimaYauyos2000000.0%
LoretoAlto Amazonas6,146,15511,91429,99837,73045,270124,9122.0%
LoretoLoreto6,524,4693,4025,8189,96114,63433,8160.5%
LoretoMariscal Ramón Castilla3,671,0007,07716,62524,73732,92181,3602.2%
LoretoMaynas12,612,2728,30112,69121,24928,58670,8270.6%
LoretoRequena3,443,6512,9815,6687,96710,15526,7710.8%
LoretoUcayali2,690,1098,12419,33032,44536,98396,8823.6%
Madre de DiosManu2,683,3103,8789,12712,31919,07744,4001.7%
Madre de DiosTahuamanu1,984,0064,8578,76714,25225,10752,9832.7%
Madre de DiosTambopata3,382,71811,13918,91731,81949,093110,9693.3%
MoqueguaGeneral Sánchez Cerro0000000.0%
MoqueguaMariscal Nieto0000000.0%
PascoDaniel Alcides Carrión22000001.4%
PascoOxapampa1,437,99812,50319,65434,09837,159103,4157.2%
PascoPasco14,64544931471934773.3%
PiuraAyabaca9,0341491561481305836.5%
PiuraHuancabamba30,0752182262021718182.7%
PunoAzángaro0000000.0%
PunoPuno3000000.0%
PunoSan Antonio de Putina4,64522721320.7%
PunoSandia898,8851,3153,1172,44111,09017,9622.0%
PunoYunguyo0000000.0%
PunoCarabaya470,7898067872,7945,0089,3962.0%
PunoChucuíto1000000.0%
PunoEl Collao0000000.0%
PunoHuancane603301711.5%
PunoLago Titicaca10000011.1%
PunoLampa0000000.0%
PunoMelgar00000033.3%
PunoMoho1627111063.5%
San MartínBellavista665,27410,42717,56916,96116,33861,2959.2%
San MartínTocache393,9173,9118,04810,67012,72335,3519.0%
San MartínEl Dorado56,2072,8144,9122,7971,89312,41622.1%
San MartínHuallaga173,7303,5187,5399,2776,73027,06415.6%
San MartínLamas317,5946,73614,53512,72410,46444,45914.0%
San MartínMariscal Cáceres1,109,62311,03917,13121,33818,75068,2576.2%
San MartínMoyobamba274,8205,83117,53412,9656,56742,89615.6%
San MartínPicota105,8408,40211,1686,0215,91531,50629.8%
San MartínRioja174,4234,6187,7233,8992,56118,80110.8%
San MartínSan Martín356,3833,8207,2479,58113,54334,1919.6%
TacnaCandarave0000000.0%
TacnaTarata0000000.0%
TumbesTumbes102011021.6%
TumbesZarumilla608000000.0%
UcayaliAtalaya3,701,6447,39411,71228,21644,97392,2952.5%
UcayaliCoronel Portillo3,357,35516,04229,07057,82387,390190,3245.7%
UcayaliPadre Abad753,11114,74228,36254,76455,459153,32720.4%
UcayaliPurús1,785,5745709949897373,2890.2%
ApurímacAbancay9773578222.3%
ApurímacAndahuaylas8262475182.2%
ApurímacAntabamba3000008.1%
ApurímacAymaraes5003741428.6%
ApurímacChincheros3286929458927.2%
ApurímacCotabambas12000003.6%
ApurímacGrau18000001.3%
ArequipaArequipa0000000.0%
ArequipaCastilla40000114.0%
ArequipaCaylloma00000049.9%
ArequipaCondesuyos3000002.2%
ArequipaLa Unión12000014.5%
AyacuchoCangallo27121111453.2%
AyacuchoVictor Fajardo12000000.0%
AyacuchoVilcas Huamán15001017.8%
AyacuchoHuamanga3733421231.4%
AyacuchoHuanca Sancos0000000.0%
AyacuchoHuanta81,6574805957202,2294,0254.9%
AyacuchoLa Mar74,8061693285898851,9712.6%
AyacuchoParinacochas10000010.0%
AyacuchoPaucar del Sara Sara0000000.0%
CajamarcaSan Miguel2,682841402210835413.2%
CajamarcaSan Pablo1,024411984515815.4%
CajamarcaSanta Cruz5,97011520052824487.5%
CajamarcaCajamarca519613115346.5%
CajamarcaCelendín1,69726191318764.5%
CajamarcaChota17,3472171471653,1163,64521.0%
CajamarcaCutervo27,3982682091752,3092,96010.8%
CajamarcaHualgayoc88111022.4%
CajamarcaJaén59,4333314905367182,0743.5%
CajamarcaSan Ignacio224,9967451,2351,2281,8475,0542.2%
CuscoAcomayo70000114.9%
CuscoParuro190043738.3%
CuscoPaucartambo257,2485486387812,3194,2851.7%
CuscoQuispicanchi302,2772324641,7504,1146,5602.2%
CuscoUrubamba7,0308191819640.9%
CuscoAnta283637173412.1%
CuscoCalca75,659168841202326050.8%
CuscoCanas10000013.3%
CuscoCanchis20000150.0%
CuscoChumbivilcas2000000.0%
CuscoCusco111003435.8%
CuscoEspinar0000000.0%
CuscoLa Convención2,236,2205,1188,1229,68920,38043,3091.9%
HuancavelicaAcobamba0000000.0%
HuancavelicaAngaraes2000000.0%
HuancavelicaCastrovirreyna00000050.0%
HuancavelicaChurcampa2000009.1%
HuancavelicaHuancavelica10000033.4%
HuancavelicaHuaytara00000040.0%
HuancavelicaTayacaja17,508981262834279345.3%




Primary forest loss by year at the subnational level (administrative level 2)

Sub-national admin area 1Primary forest extent
(2000)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-05)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2006-10)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2011-15)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2016-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
%
Amazonas2,898,6929,80214,82917,81032,36874,8092.6%
Huánuco1,745,96641,56764,567102,89389,966298,99417.1%
Junín1,798,92512,52619,73829,40154,295115,9616.4%
La Libertad50,816721821501805841.1%
Lambayeque4,74242365137950810.7%
Lima2000000.0%
Loreto35,087,65641,79990,131134,088168,550434,5681.2%
Madre de Dios8,050,03419,87436,81258,39093,276208,3522.6%
Moquegua0000000.0%
Pasco1,452,66412,54719,74734,24537,352103,8927.2%
Piura39,1093663823513021,4013.6%
Puno1,374,4012,1293,9165,24316,12027,4082.0%
San Martín3,627,81161,115113,406106,23295,482376,23610.4%
Tacna0000000.0%
Tumbes710011020.2%
Ucayali9,597,68538,74770,138141,791188,559439,2354.6%
Apurímac2,214112150621456.5%
Arequipa20000117.2%
Ayacucho156,5576539281,3153,1276,0233.8%
Cajamarca341,1551,7952,4642,3008,24914,8074.3%
Cusco2,878,7606,0809,33112,37127,08854,8701.9%
Huancavelica17,515981272834279355.3%




Primary forest loss by year at the subnational area (administrative level 2)

Sub-national admin area 1Admin area 2Primary forest extent
(2001)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-05)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2006-10)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2011-15)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2016-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
%
AmazonasBagua488,6651,0832,1962,7726,03612,0882.5%
AmazonasBongará200,2251,1491,7081,2761,8676,0003.0%
AmazonasChachapoyas51,2774694602994081,6373.2%
AmazonasCondorcanqui1,702,0052,7045,3809,01718,80035,9012.1%
AmazonasLuya96,0377849778561,0673,6843.8%
AmazonasRodríguez de Mendoza193,8762,8713,0222,6843,08111,6586.0%
AmazonasUtcubamba166,6067431,0859051,1083,8412.3%
HuánucoAmbo333111241.3%
HuánucoPuerto Inca790,18031,54951,85682,62565,982232,01229.4%
HuánucoDos de Mayo7,356409957572543.4%
HuánucoHuacaybamba56,0142293263193421,2162.2%
HuánucoHuamalíes98,4526177501,4621,1814,0104.1%
HuánucoHuenuco112,2341,3231,7692,0872,0537,2316.4%
HuánucoLeoncio Prado375,6124,5505,4267,70511,54429,2257.8%
HuánucoMarañón243,4272,7953,6537,7097,63421,7909.0%
HuánucoPachitea62,3584636899291,1713,2525.2%
JunínChanchamayo170,3661,3651,8803,4615,24211,9487.0%
JunínConcepción4,273122739291062.5%
JunínHuancayo19,92231451841994592.3%
JunínJauja47,570801784995631,3192.8%
JunínJunín16,0432737631142411.5%
JunínSatipo1,529,48511,00417,55725,12948,110101,8006.7%
JunínTarma11,2668142639870.8%
JunínYauli00000040.0%
La LibertadPataz50,816721821501805841.1%
LambayequeFerreñafe4,74242365137950810.7%
LimaCajatambo0000000.0%
LimaHuaral0000000.0%
LimaHuarochiri1000000.0%
LimaYauyos2000000.0%
LoretoAlto Amazonas6,146,15511,91429,99837,73045,270124,9122.0%
LoretoLoreto6,524,4693,4025,8189,96114,63433,8160.5%
LoretoMariscal Ramón Castilla3,671,0007,07716,62524,73732,92181,3602.2%
LoretoMaynas12,612,2728,30112,69121,24928,58670,8270.6%
LoretoRequena3,443,6512,9815,6687,96710,15526,7710.8%
LoretoUcayali2,690,1098,12419,33032,44536,98396,8823.6%
Madre de DiosManu2,683,3103,8789,12712,31919,07744,4001.7%
Madre de DiosTahuamanu1,984,0064,8578,76714,25225,10752,9832.7%
Madre de DiosTambopata3,382,71811,13918,91731,81949,093110,9693.3%
MoqueguaGeneral Sánchez Cerro0000000.0%
MoqueguaMariscal Nieto0000000.0%
PascoDaniel Alcides Carrión22000001.4%
PascoOxapampa1,437,99812,50319,65434,09837,159103,4157.2%
PascoPasco14,64544931471934773.3%
PiuraAyabaca9,0341491561481305836.5%
PiuraHuancabamba30,0752182262021718182.7%
PunoAzángaro0000000.0%
PunoPuno3000000.0%
PunoSan Antonio de Putina4,64522721320.7%
PunoSandia898,8851,3153,1172,44111,09017,9622.0%
PunoYunguyo0000000.0%
PunoCarabaya470,7898067872,7945,0089,3962.0%
PunoChucuíto1000000.0%
PunoEl Collao0000000.0%
PunoHuancane603301711.5%
PunoLago Titicaca10000011.1%
PunoLampa0000000.0%
PunoMelgar00000033.3%
PunoMoho1627111063.5%
San MartínBellavista665,27410,42717,56916,96116,33861,2959.2%
San MartínTocache393,9173,9118,04810,67012,72335,3519.0%
San MartínEl Dorado56,2072,8144,9122,7971,89312,41622.1%
San MartínHuallaga173,7303,5187,5399,2776,73027,06415.6%
San MartínLamas317,5946,73614,53512,72410,46444,45914.0%
San MartínMariscal Cáceres1,109,62311,03917,13121,33818,75068,2576.2%
San MartínMoyobamba274,8205,83117,53412,9656,56742,89615.6%
San MartínPicota105,8408,40211,1686,0215,91531,50629.8%
San MartínRioja174,4234,6187,7233,8992,56118,80110.8%
San MartínSan Martín356,3833,8207,2479,58113,54334,1919.6%
TacnaCandarave0000000.0%
TacnaTarata0000000.0%
TumbesTumbes102011021.6%
TumbesZarumilla608000000.0%
UcayaliAtalaya3,701,6447,39411,71228,21644,97392,2952.5%
UcayaliCoronel Portillo3,357,35516,04229,07057,82387,390190,3245.7%
UcayaliPadre Abad753,11114,74228,36254,76455,459153,32720.4%
UcayaliPurús1,785,5745709949897373,2890.2%
ApurímacAbancay9773578222.3%
ApurímacAndahuaylas8262475182.2%
ApurímacAntabamba3000008.1%
ApurímacAymaraes5003741428.6%
ApurímacChincheros3286929458927.2%
ApurímacCotabambas12000003.6%
ApurímacGrau18000001.3%
ArequipaArequipa0000000.0%
ArequipaCastilla40000114.0%
ArequipaCaylloma00000049.9%
ArequipaCondesuyos3000002.2%
ArequipaLa Unión12000014.5%
AyacuchoCangallo27121111453.2%
AyacuchoVictor Fajardo12000000.0%
AyacuchoVilcas Huamán15001017.8%
AyacuchoHuamanga3733421231.4%
AyacuchoHuanca Sancos0000000.0%
AyacuchoHuanta81,6574805957202,2294,0254.9%
AyacuchoLa Mar74,8061693285898851,9712.6%
AyacuchoParinacochas10000010.0%
AyacuchoPaucar del Sara Sara0000000.0%
CajamarcaSan Miguel2,682841402210835413.2%
CajamarcaSan Pablo1,024411984515815.4%
CajamarcaSanta Cruz5,97011520052824487.5%
CajamarcaCajamarca519613115346.5%
CajamarcaCelendín1,69726191318764.5%
CajamarcaChota17,3472171471653,1163,64521.0%
CajamarcaCutervo27,3982682091752,3092,96010.8%
CajamarcaHualgayoc88111022.4%
CajamarcaJaén59,4333314905367182,0743.5%
CajamarcaSan Ignacio224,9967451,2351,2281,8475,0542.2%
CuscoAcomayo70000114.9%
CuscoParuro190043738.3%
CuscoPaucartambo257,2485486387812,3194,2851.7%
CuscoQuispicanchi302,2772324641,7504,1146,5602.2%
CuscoUrubamba7,0308191819640.9%
CuscoAnta283637173412.1%
CuscoCalca75,659168841202326050.8%
CuscoCanas10000013.3%
CuscoCanchis20000150.0%
CuscoChumbivilcas2000000.0%
CuscoCusco111003435.8%
CuscoEspinar0000000.0%
CuscoLa Convención2,236,2205,1188,1229,68920,38043,3091.9%
HuancavelicaAcobamba0000000.0%
HuancavelicaAngaraes2000000.0%
HuancavelicaCastrovirreyna00000050.0%
HuancavelicaChurcampa2000009.1%
HuancavelicaHuancavelica10000033.4%
HuancavelicaHuaytara00000040.0%
HuancavelicaTayacaja17,508981262834279345.3%


 

2019 forest data for Peru | Archived forest data for Peru | Forest data for Peru

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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