STATISTICS: Saint Kitts and Nevis


Saint Kitts and Nevis

13.9% —or about 5,000 hectares—of Saint Kitts and Nevis is forested.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Saint Kitts and Nevis had no significant change or no reported in forest cover.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Saint Kitts and Nevis has some 157 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.8% are threatened. Saint Kitts and Nevis is home to at least 659 species of vascular plants, of which 0.2% are endemic. 0.1% of Saint Kitts and Nevis is protected under IUCN categories I-V.






Books

Saint Kitts and Nevis: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)36,000
Total Forest Area (ha)5,000
Percent Forest Cover13.89%
Primary Forest Cover (ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Primary Forest, % total land-
Other wooded land (ha)6,000


Saint Kitts and Nevis : Forest types
Tropical (% forest area)100%
Subtropical (% forest area)0%
Temperate (% forest area)0%
Boreal/polar (% forest area)-


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)--
Modified natural (ha | %)--
Semi-natural (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Change in Forest Cover
TOTAL FOREST COVER
Forest 1990 (ha)5,000
Forest 2000 (ha)5,000
Forest 2005 (ha)5,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
PRIMARY FOREST COVER
Primary 1990 (ha)-
Primary 2000 (ha)-
Primary 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
OTHER WOODED LAND
Other 1990 (ha)6,000
Other 2000 (ha)6,000
Other 2005 (ha)6,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
PLANTATIONS
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
TOTAL DEGRADATION/CONSERVSION
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)11,000
Other 2000 (ha)11,000
Other 2005 (ha)11,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)0
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)0.00%


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)-
Protection (%)-
Conservation (%)-
Social Services (%)-
Multiple Services (%)-
None of Unknown (%)-


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)-
Insects (ha)-
Diseases (ha)-
Other (ha)-


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 20050
World Heritage sites, 20041
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land0.1%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land0.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 20040.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 20040.00%


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Biodiversity - Wildlife
Amphibians
total species2
endemic species0
threatened species0
Birds
total species132
endemic species1
threatened species2
Mammals
total species7
endemic species0
threatened species1
Reptiles
total species16
endemic species1
threatened species3
Wildlife diversity
total species157
endemic species2
threatened species6


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Biodiversity - Plants
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
-
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
-
Number of Native tree species
Native tree species-
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Critically Endangered0
Endangered1
Vulnerable1
Vascular Plant Species, 2004
Total659
Number endemic1
Number of Threatened Plant Species, 2004
Species threatened2


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)-
Below-ground biomass (M t)-
Dead wood (M t)-
Total (M t)-
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in dead wood (M t)-
Carbon in litter (M t)-
Soil carbon (M t)-
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
1990-2000-
2000-2005-
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
1990-2000-
2000-2005-
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)-
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)-
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)-
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)-
Plant products 2005
Food (t)-
Fodder (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)-
Ornamental plants (t)-
Exudates (t)-
Other plant products (t)-
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)-
Hides, skins and trophies (units)-
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)-
Bush meat (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Other edible animal products (t)-
Other non-edible animal products (t)-
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)-
Wood fuel (US$)-
Non-wood forest products (US$)-
Total value (US$)-
Total value ($USD/ha)$-
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employed-


Saint Kitts and Nevis : Production, trade and consumption of forest products, 2002
Woodfuel ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production0
Imports-
Exports-
Consumption-
Industrial roundwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production0
Imports-
Exports1
Consumption-
Sawnwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production1
Imports-
Exports5
Consumption0
Wood-based panels ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production5
Imports-
Exports1
Consumption-
Pulp for paper ('000 metric tons), 2002
Production1
Imports-
Exports-
Consumption-
Paper and paperboard ('000 metric tons), 2002
Production0
Imports0
Exports-
Consumption0
Saint Kitts and Nevis: Environment
Environment - current issuesNA
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Natural hazardshurricanes (July to October)


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 19.44%
permanent crops: 2.78%
other: 77.78% (2001)
Natural resourcesarable land


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Economy
Economy - overview:Sugar was the traditional mainstay of the Saint Kitts economy until the 1970s. Although the crop still dominates the agricultural sector, activities such as tourism, export-oriented manufacturing, and offshore banking have assumed larger roles in the economy. Tourism revenues are now the chief source of the islands' foreign exchange. The opening of a 470-room resort in February 2003 was expected to bring in much-needed revenue.
GDP - per capita$8,800 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)-1.9% (2002 est.)
Agriculture - productssugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 3.5%, industry: 25.8%, services: 70.7% (2001)
Industries sugar processing, tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
Economic aid - recipient$8 million (2001)
Debt - external$171 million (2001)
Population below poverty line (%)NA
Labor force - by occupation (%)NA


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)38,958
Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.38%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)149.3
Percent rural (2003)67.8%
Median age (years)total: 27.6 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.33 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese


[an error occurred while processing this directive] Saint Kitts and Nevis: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use23,500 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular5,000 (2002)
Roadways (km)total: 320 km
paved: 136 km
unpaved: 184 km (1999 est)


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 72.15 years
male: 69.31 years
female: 75.16 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate14.49 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA

Saint Kitts and Nevis : References & Data Sources


 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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