STATISTICS: San Marino


San Marino

1.6% —or about <1000 hectares—of San Marino is forested.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, San Marino had no significant change or no reported in forest cover.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: 0.0% of San Marino is protected under IUCN categories I-V.






Books

San Marino: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)6,000
Total Forest Area (ha)-
Percent Forest Cover-
Primary Forest Cover (ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Primary Forest, % total land-
Other wooded land (ha)-


San Marino : Forest types
Tropical (% forest area)0%
Subtropical (% forest area)0%
Temperate (% forest area)0%
Boreal/polar (% forest area)0%


San Marino: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)--
Modified natural (ha | %)--
Semi-natural (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--


San Marino: Change in Forest Cover
TOTAL FOREST COVER
Forest 1990 (ha)-
Forest 2000 (ha)-
Forest 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
PRIMARY FOREST COVER
Primary 1990 (ha)-
Primary 2000 (ha)-
Primary 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
OTHER WOODED LAND
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
PLANTATIONS
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
TOTAL DEGRADATION/CONSERVSION
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!


San Marino: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)0
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)0.00%


San Marino: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)-
Protection (%)-
Conservation (%)-
Social Services (%)-
Multiple Services (%)-
None of Unknown (%)-


San Marino: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)-
Insects (ha)-
Diseases (ha)-
Other (ha)-


San Marino: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 2005
World Heritage sites, 2004
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land0.0%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land0.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 20040.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 20040.00%


San Marino: Biodiversity - Wildlife
Amphibians
total species0
endemic species
threatened species
Birds
total species6
endemic species0
threatened species
Mammals
total species
endemic species0
threatened species
Reptiles
total species0
endemic species0
threatened species
Wildlife diversity
total species-
endemic species0
threatened species-


San Marino: Biodiversity - Plants
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
-
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
-
Number of Native tree species
Native tree species-
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Critically Endangered-
Endangered-
Vulnerable-
Vascular Plant Species, 2004
Total
Number endemicX
Number of Threatened Plant Species, 2004
Species threatenedX


San Marino: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)-
Below-ground biomass (M t)-
Dead wood (M t)-
Total (M t)-
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in dead wood (M t)-
Carbon in litter (M t)-
Soil carbon (M t)-
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
1990-2000-
2000-2005-
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
1990-2000-
2000-2005-
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)-
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)-
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)-
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)-
Plant products 2005
Food (t)-
Fodder (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)-
Ornamental plants (t)-
Exudates (t)-
Other plant products (t)-
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)-
Hides, skins and trophies (units)-
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)-
Bush meat (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Other edible animal products (t)-
Other non-edible animal products (t)-
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)-
Wood fuel (US$)-
Non-wood forest products (US$)-
Total value (US$)-
Total value ($USD/ha)$-
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employed-


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
San Marino: Environment
Environment - current issuesNA
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution
Natural hazardsNA


San Marino: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 16.67%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 83.33% (2001)
Natural resourcesbuilding stone


San Marino: Economy
Economy - overview:The tourist sector contributes over 50% of GDP. In 2000 more than 3 million tourists visited San Marino. The key industries are banking, wearing apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy, which supplies much of its food.
GDP - per capita$34,600 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)7.5% (2001 est.)
Agriculture - productswheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: NA%, industry: NA%, services: NA%
Industries tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
Economic aid - recipient$NA
Debt - external$NA
Population below poverty line (%)NA
Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 1%, industry 42%, services 57% (2000 est.)


San Marino: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)28,880
Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.30%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)471.9
Percent rural (2003)3.8%
Median age (years)total: 40.29 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.33 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)Sammarinese, Italian


[an error occurred while processing this directive] San Marino: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use20,600 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular16,800 (2002)
Roadways (km)total: 220 km
paved: 220 km
unpaved: 0 km (2001)


San Marino: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 81.62 years
male: 78.13 years
female: 85.43 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate5.73 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA%

San Marino : References & Data Sources


 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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