Deforestation statistics for Sri Lanka



Sri Lanka: Demographic data

Population (2022)21,413,249
Annual population growth rate (2022)0.40%
Population density (people/sq km)341
Net migration-97,986
Fertility rate2.2
Median age34
Urban population share18%


Sri Lanka: Land cover and land use change data
Land area (sq km): 62,710
Tree cover (30%)
Tree cover extent in 2000 (ha): 3,939,926
Tree cover extent as % of land area: 62.80%

Tree cover loss from 2001-20 (ha): 188,407
Tree cover extent as % of 2000 tree cover: 4.80%
Tropical primary forest
Primary forest extent in 2001 (ha): 596,015
Primary forest extent as % of land area: 9.50%
Primary forest extent as % of 2000 tree cover: 15.10%

Primary forest loss from 2002-20 (ha): 10,192
Primary forest loss from 2002-20 as % of 2001 primary forest cover: 1.70%

Primary forest extent in 2020 (ha): 585,823
Primary forest extent in 2020 as % of land area: 9.30%
Primary forest extent in 2020 as % of 2000 tree cover area: 15%


Sri Lanka: Annual forest and tree cover data



Sri Lanka: Tropical primary forest loss by year All figures in hectares
Year: Hectares
2002: 524
2003: 991
2004: 467
2005: 547
2006: 413
2007: 675
2008: 498
2009: 509
2010: 354
2011: 491
2012: 1,585
2013: 226
2014: 365
2015: 361
2016: 425
2017: 627
2018: 437
2019: 412
2020: 283


Sri Lanka: Tree cover loss by year 30% tree cover threshold; all figures in hectares
Year: Hectares
2001: 3,760
2002: 3,428
2003: 3,149
2004: 5,599
2005: 4,682
2006: 7,730
2007: 10,242
2008: 6,500
2009: 13,975
2010: 7,231
2011: 14,737
2012: 14,428
2013: 7,953
2014: 12,350
2015: 7,403
2016: 17,490
2017: 13,066
2018: 13,161
2019: 10,307
2020: 11,216




Tree cover loss by year at the subnational level (administrative level 1)

Sub-national admin area 1Tree cover extent
(2001)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-05)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2006-10)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2011-15)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2016-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
%
Ampara201,7391,4121,7652,2312,1427,5503.7%
Kalutara135,2077831,5491,9553,9258,2126.1%
Kandy161,0415518739168713,2112.0%
Kegalle155,1575061,6752,4214,9539,5556.2%
Kilinochchi36,8082305257006282,0845.7%
Kurunegala292,1681,2031,9496,0726,50915,7335.4%
Mannar129,1281929272,2131,0124,3453.4%
Matale156,6583721,2241,4874,0947,1774.6%
Matara108,8174647696401,5053,3783.1%
Moneragala345,4213,6733,9884,0002,83614,4974.2%
Mullaitivu175,7634331,6273,2634,0369,3595.3%
Anuradhapura370,9992,63610,48510,0536,75029,9248.1%
Nuwara Eliya140,0771,0741,7691,3991,1355,3773.8%
Polonnaruwa175,2603779401,9972,0035,3173.0%
Puttalam171,4591,1382,3042,4192,9038,7635.1%
Ratnapura275,8037081,9631,5513,5467,7682.8%
Trincomalee138,8766672,3802,5632,0827,6915.5%
Vavuniya139,0167562,3694,2325,14512,5039.0%
Badulla193,9009891,6881,3892,1316,1973.2%
Batticaloa49,1341764448197472,1874.5%
Colombo35,3362567567191,2112,9448.3%
Galle135,2758221,3131,7021,8325,6704.2%
Gampaha95,3153007908261,5913,5073.7%
Hambantota118,4448941,5651,2031,4315,0934.3%
Jaffna3,12253910122136511.7%




Tree cover loss by year at the subnational level (administrative level 2)

Sub-national admin area 1Admin area 2Tree cover extent
(2000)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-05)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2006-10)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2011-15)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2016-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
%
AmparaLahugala38,098277168149516451.7%
AmparaMahaoya1,405200030.2%
AmparaPadiyathalawa677000000.1%
AmparaPothuvil4,6092720372851.8%
AmparaThirukkovil1,6191173120.7%
AmparaUhana4,471000010.0%
AmparaAkkaraipattu2000006.9%
AmparaAlayadiwembu20000019.0%
AmparaAmpara1000000.0%
AmparaDamana5,1394459220.4%
AmparaDehiattakandiya1,412002020.2%
KalutaraAgalawatta674000891.4%
KalutaraPalindanuwara8,663314438590.7%
KalutaraWalallawita3,13911476280.9%
KalutaraBulathsinhala27000000.0%
KalutaraIngiriya203000120.8%
KandyMinipe445000000.0%
KandyPanvila2,099211260.3%
KandyPasbage Korale546000110.1%
KandyPathadumbara9000000.0%
KandyPoojapitiya1,4714693231.5%
KandyThumpane1,76126124241.4%
KandyUdadumbara5,0752194170.3%
KandyDelthota207000010.4%
KandyYatinuwara36000000.4%
KandyDoluwa630111130.4%
KandyHarispattuwa54010023.4%
KandyHatharaliyadda8931352111.3%
KandyMedadumbara1,549011120.1%
KegalleYatiyanthota3,1251425120.4%
KegalleBulathkohupitiya4000000.0%
KegalleDehiovita0000000.0%
KegalleDeraniyagala6,297043180.1%
KilinochchiKandawali6365216152.4%
KilinochchiKarachchi1,0092211512505.0%
KilinochchiPachchilaipalli10000071.4%
KilinochchiPoonakary2,07231782301.4%
KurunegalaKurunegala287211151.6%
KurunegalaMallawapitiya330011231.0%
KurunegalaMaspotha595012361.0%
KurunegalaMawathagama8341235101.2%
KurunegalaPolpithigama1,929004160.3%
KurunegalaRideegama4,87161285310.6%
KurunegalaWariyapola239000000.2%
KurunegalaEhetuwewa561000010.1%
KurunegalaGalgamuwa20000019.2%
KurunegalaGanewatta431010010.2%
KurunegalaGiribawa91000000.1%
KurunegalaIbbagamuwa247001010.5%
MannarMadhu7,4451234818901.2%
MannarMannar Town00000050.0%
MannarManthai West3,00741570260.9%
MannarMusali7,48021410440.6%
MannarNanaddan37000000.4%
MataleWilgamuwa6,015024060.1%
MataleYatawatta494110230.6%
MataleDambulla8,57657811300.4%
MataleGalewela491100230.6%
MataleLaggala-Pallegama17,72391591464267414.2%
MataleNaula8,4541025213504064.8%
MatalePallepola197100010.4%
MataleRattota1,035000000.0%
MataleUkuwela460000000.1%
MataraAkuressa4,805232280.2%
MataraMulatiyana2,104122270.3%
MataraPasgoda2,55034210180.7%
MataraPitabeddara2,0572723140.7%
MataraWelipitiya152000111.0%
MataraAthuraliya9389225192.0%
MataraHakmana55000000.0%
MataraKamburupitiya20000000.0%
MataraKotapola6,131124613350.6%
MataraMalimbada330027929.0%
MoneragalaBadalkumbura232000000.0%
MoneragalaBibile2,909110030.1%
MoneragalaButtala21,4591222309074502.1%
MoneragalaKatharagama14,9491133155640.4%
MoneragalaMadulla13,96520211110620.4%
MoneragalaMedagama7000000.0%
MoneragalaMoneragala3,5051734160.4%
MoneragalaSiyambalanduwa24,1371,6325641,123393,35913.9%
MullaitivuManthai East2,792021360.2%
MullaitivuMaritimepattu8,996118226171361.5%
MullaitivuOddusuddan12,5778243715840.7%
MullaitivuPuthukudiyiruppu7,314223425631432.0%
MullaitivuThunukkai2,60211330170.6%
AnuradhapuraGalenbindunuwewa21000000.4%
AnuradhapuraMihinthale74000000.0%
AnuradhapuraN. Palatha Central22000000.0%
AnuradhapuraNochchiyagama5,937011020.0%
AnuradhapuraPadaviya66402104152.3%
AnuradhapuraPalagala2,581021140.2%
AnuradhapuraPalugaswewa83000000.0%
AnuradhapuraRambewa369000010.1%
AnuradhapuraGalnewa209000000.0%
AnuradhapuraThirappane578000000.0%
AnuradhapuraHorowpothana19,14667818380.2%
AnuradhapuraKahatagasdigiliya640023050.8%
AnuradhapuraKebithigollewa9,77889170171861.9%
AnuradhapuraKekirawa1,063011020.2%
AnuradhapuraMaha Vilachchiya3,291030030.1%
AnuradhapuraMedawachchiya1,750111030.2%
Nuwara EliyaAmbagamuwa15,22216301818820.5%
Nuwara EliyaHanguranketha3,76934100170.5%
Nuwara EliyaKothmale3,8393653170.4%
Nuwara EliyaNuwara Eliya15,0103611131171951.3%
Nuwara EliyaWalapane5711880009817.2%
PolonnaruwaDimbulagala582000000.1%
PolonnaruwaElahera11,7390132414520.4%
PolonnaruwaHingurakgoda7,305011130.0%
PolonnaruwaLankapura99000000.0%
PolonnaruwaMedirigiriya4,6771311513494249.1%
PolonnaruwaThamankaduwa7,629004260.1%
PolonnaruwaWelikanda1,274175623866.8%
PuttalamNawagattegama1,086124080.7%
PuttalamVanathavilluwa5,827112040.1%
PuttalamArachchikattuwa PS203000000.2%
PuttalamKalpitiya2000000.0%
PuttalamKaruwalagaswewa3,3638321140.4%
RatnapuraAyagama2,34721569321.4%
RatnapuraKolonna1,122113060.5%
RatnapuraKuruvita1,625240170.5%
RatnapuraNivithigala2,2100553130.6%
RatnapuraOpanayaka1,386000770.5%
RatnapuraPelmadulla900010010.1%
RatnapuraRatnapura11,6794101620500.4%
RatnapuraWeligepola87000000.0%
RatnapuraBalangoda1,666210140.3%
RatnapuraEheliyagoda88723102171.9%
RatnapuraElapatha332000010.2%
RatnapuraGodakawela735020130.4%
RatnapuraImbulpe4,51612324300.7%
RatnapuraKahawatta1,399300040.3%
RatnapuraKalawana17,44911342022860.5%
TrincomaleeGomarankadawala8,373527431171912.3%
TrincomaleeTrincomalee Town and Gravets810010020.3%
TrincomaleeVerugal133242186.1%
TrincomaleeKantalai4,152511180.2%
TrincomaleeKinniya77000000.3%
TrincomaleeKuchchaveli4,4331577401042.4%
TrincomaleeMorawewa10,76764684650.6%
TrincomaleeMuttur28000001.4%
TrincomaleePadavi Sri Pura1,6802031610492.9%
TrincomaleeSeruvila4,008011140.1%
TrincomaleeThampalakamam9,348161070.1%
VavuniyaVavuniya8,740491293831116717.7%
VavuniyaVavuniya North22,669123584521840.8%
VavuniyaVavuniya South2,1472975221.0%
VavuniyaVengalacheddiculam1,6841252911663.9%
BadullaBadulla21000000.4%
BadullaPassara246121041.5%
BadullaRideemaliyadda809002030.3%
BadullaWelimada2,069102130.2%
BadullaElla195000010.4%
BadullaHali-Ela356001010.4%
BadullaHildummulla1,052011020.2%
BadullaMahiyanganaya2,001000000.0%
BatticaloaEravur Pattu285000110.3%
BatticaloaManmunai West3000000.0%
BatticaloaEravur Town0000000.0%
BatticaloaKoralai Pattu (Valachchenai)4,68021124190.4%
BatticaloaKoralai Pattu North2,058711110171447.0%
BatticaloaKoralai Pattu West (Oddamavadi)616000561.0%
ColomboPadukka1,24002102131.1%
ColomboHanwella2191625124419.9%
GalleAkmeemana288004041.5%
GalleImaduwa53912214203.7%
GalleNagoda2,35029102231.0%
GalleNeluwa6,090232290.2%
GalleNiyagama723011130.5%
GalleThawalama6,440111250.1%
GalleYakkalamulla1,2723645171.3%
GalleBaddegama32000000.2%
GalleElpitiya917000000.0%
HambantotaThissamaharama582100010.1%
HambantotaWeeraketiya8000000.0%
HambantotaHambantota0000000.0%
HambantotaKatuwana77800020212.7%
HambantotaOkewela175000000.3%
JaffnaVadamaradchy East2000004.5%




Primary forest loss by year at the subnational level (administrative level 2)

Sub-national admin area 1Primary forest extent
(2000)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-05)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2006-10)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2011-15)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2016-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
%
Ampara57,435312192202657711.3%
Kalutara12,7064291253980.8%
Kandy14,77212203817880.6%
Kegalle9,4261846200.2%
Kilinochchi3,71810402421952.6%
Kurunegala10,4189172018640.6%
Mannar17,96983996181610.9%
Matale43,446271941797911,1912.7%
Matara18,845282317431120.6%
Moneragala81,1651,7888561,243663,9524.9%
Mullaitivu34,2814215591983851.1%
Anuradhapura46,2061610994402600.6%
Nuwara Eliya38,4107723164384091.1%
Polonnaruwa33,30514321373885711.7%
Puttalam10,4829782260.2%
Ratnapura48,339297864902600.5%
Trincomalee43,80941146791744391.0%
Vavuniya35,240641985031789432.7%
Badulla6,7483462150.2%
Batticaloa7,641922111271702.2%
Colombo1,4591627114573.9%
Galle18,65010222525820.4%
Hambantota1,54210120221.4%
Jaffna2000004.5%




Primary forest loss by year at the subnational area (administrative level 2)

Sub-national admin area 1Admin area 2Primary forest extent
(2001)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-05)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2006-10)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2011-15)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2016-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
%
AmparaLahugala38,098277168149516451.7%
AmparaMahaoya1,405200030.2%
AmparaPadiyathalawa677000000.1%
AmparaPothuvil4,6092720372851.8%
AmparaThirukkovil1,6191173120.7%
AmparaUhana4,471000010.0%
AmparaAkkaraipattu2000006.9%
AmparaAlayadiwembu20000019.0%
AmparaAmpara1000000.0%
AmparaDamana5,1394459220.4%
AmparaDehiattakandiya1,412002020.2%
KalutaraAgalawatta674000891.4%
KalutaraPalindanuwara8,663314438590.7%
KalutaraWalallawita3,13911476280.9%
KalutaraBulathsinhala27000000.0%
KalutaraIngiriya203000120.8%
KandyMinipe445000000.0%
KandyPanvila2,099211260.3%
KandyPasbage Korale546000110.1%
KandyPathadumbara9000000.0%
KandyPoojapitiya1,4714693231.5%
KandyThumpane1,76126124241.4%
KandyUdadumbara5,0752194170.3%
KandyDelthota207000010.4%
KandyYatinuwara36000000.4%
KandyDoluwa630111130.4%
KandyHarispattuwa54010023.4%
KandyHatharaliyadda8931352111.3%
KandyMedadumbara1,549011120.1%
KegalleYatiyanthota3,1251425120.4%
KegalleBulathkohupitiya4000000.0%
KegalleDehiovita0000000.0%
KegalleDeraniyagala6,297043180.1%
KilinochchiKandawali6365216152.4%
KilinochchiKarachchi1,0092211512505.0%
KilinochchiPachchilaipalli10000071.4%
KilinochchiPoonakary2,07231782301.4%
KurunegalaKurunegala287211151.6%
KurunegalaMallawapitiya330011231.0%
KurunegalaMaspotha595012361.0%
KurunegalaMawathagama8341235101.2%
KurunegalaPolpithigama1,929004160.3%
KurunegalaRideegama4,87161285310.6%
KurunegalaWariyapola239000000.2%
KurunegalaEhetuwewa561000010.1%
KurunegalaGalgamuwa20000019.2%
KurunegalaGanewatta431010010.2%
KurunegalaGiribawa91000000.1%
KurunegalaIbbagamuwa247001010.5%
MannarMadhu7,4451234818901.2%
MannarMannar Town00000050.0%
MannarManthai West3,00741570260.9%
MannarMusali7,48021410440.6%
MannarNanaddan37000000.4%
MataleWilgamuwa6,015024060.1%
MataleYatawatta494110230.6%
MataleDambulla8,57657811300.4%
MataleGalewela491100230.6%
MataleLaggala-Pallegama17,72391591464267414.2%
MataleNaula8,4541025213504064.8%
MatalePallepola197100010.4%
MataleRattota1,035000000.0%
MataleUkuwela460000000.1%
MataraAkuressa4,805232280.2%
MataraMulatiyana2,104122270.3%
MataraPasgoda2,55034210180.7%
MataraPitabeddara2,0572723140.7%
MataraWelipitiya152000111.0%
MataraAthuraliya9389225192.0%
MataraHakmana55000000.0%
MataraKamburupitiya20000000.0%
MataraKotapola6,131124613350.6%
MataraMalimbada330027929.0%
MoneragalaBadalkumbura232000000.0%
MoneragalaBibile2,909110030.1%
MoneragalaButtala21,4591222309074502.1%
MoneragalaKatharagama14,9491133155640.4%
MoneragalaMadulla13,96520211110620.4%
MoneragalaMedagama7000000.0%
MoneragalaMoneragala3,5051734160.4%
MoneragalaSiyambalanduwa24,1371,6325641,123393,35913.9%
MullaitivuManthai East2,792021360.2%
MullaitivuMaritimepattu8,996118226171361.5%
MullaitivuOddusuddan12,5778243715840.7%
MullaitivuPuthukudiyiruppu7,314223425631432.0%
MullaitivuThunukkai2,60211330170.6%
AnuradhapuraGalenbindunuwewa21000000.4%
AnuradhapuraMihinthale74000000.0%
AnuradhapuraN. Palatha Central22000000.0%
AnuradhapuraNochchiyagama5,937011020.0%
AnuradhapuraPadaviya66402104152.3%
AnuradhapuraPalagala2,581021140.2%
AnuradhapuraPalugaswewa83000000.0%
AnuradhapuraRambewa369000010.1%
AnuradhapuraGalnewa209000000.0%
AnuradhapuraThirappane578000000.0%
AnuradhapuraHorowpothana19,14667818380.2%
AnuradhapuraKahatagasdigiliya640023050.8%
AnuradhapuraKebithigollewa9,77889170171861.9%
AnuradhapuraKekirawa1,063011020.2%
AnuradhapuraMaha Vilachchiya3,291030030.1%
AnuradhapuraMedawachchiya1,750111030.2%
Nuwara EliyaAmbagamuwa15,22216301818820.5%
Nuwara EliyaHanguranketha3,76934100170.5%
Nuwara EliyaKothmale3,8393653170.4%
Nuwara EliyaNuwara Eliya15,0103611131171951.3%
Nuwara EliyaWalapane5711880009817.2%
PolonnaruwaDimbulagala582000000.1%
PolonnaruwaElahera11,7390132414520.4%
PolonnaruwaHingurakgoda7,305011130.0%
PolonnaruwaLankapura99000000.0%
PolonnaruwaMedirigiriya4,6771311513494249.1%
PolonnaruwaThamankaduwa7,629004260.1%
PolonnaruwaWelikanda1,274175623866.8%
PuttalamNawagattegama1,086124080.7%
PuttalamVanathavilluwa5,827112040.1%
PuttalamArachchikattuwa PS203000000.2%
PuttalamKalpitiya2000000.0%
PuttalamKaruwalagaswewa3,3638321140.4%
RatnapuraAyagama2,34721569321.4%
RatnapuraKolonna1,122113060.5%
RatnapuraKuruvita1,625240170.5%
RatnapuraNivithigala2,2100553130.6%
RatnapuraOpanayaka1,386000770.5%
RatnapuraPelmadulla900010010.1%
RatnapuraRatnapura11,6794101620500.4%
RatnapuraWeligepola87000000.0%
RatnapuraBalangoda1,666210140.3%
RatnapuraEheliyagoda88723102171.9%
RatnapuraElapatha332000010.2%
RatnapuraGodakawela735020130.4%
RatnapuraImbulpe4,51612324300.7%
RatnapuraKahawatta1,399300040.3%
RatnapuraKalawana17,44911342022860.5%
TrincomaleeGomarankadawala8,373527431171912.3%
TrincomaleeTrincomalee Town and Gravets810010020.3%
TrincomaleeVerugal133242186.1%
TrincomaleeKantalai4,152511180.2%
TrincomaleeKinniya77000000.3%
TrincomaleeKuchchaveli4,4331577401042.4%
TrincomaleeMorawewa10,76764684650.6%
TrincomaleeMuttur28000001.4%
TrincomaleePadavi Sri Pura1,6802031610492.9%
TrincomaleeSeruvila4,008011140.1%
TrincomaleeThampalakamam9,348161070.1%
VavuniyaVavuniya8,740491293831116717.7%
VavuniyaVavuniya North22,669123584521840.8%
VavuniyaVavuniya South2,1472975221.0%
VavuniyaVengalacheddiculam1,6841252911663.9%
BadullaBadulla21000000.4%
BadullaPassara246121041.5%
BadullaRideemaliyadda809002030.3%
BadullaWelimada2,069102130.2%
BadullaElla195000010.4%
BadullaHali-Ela356001010.4%
BadullaHildummulla1,052011020.2%
BadullaMahiyanganaya2,001000000.0%
BatticaloaEravur Pattu285000110.3%
BatticaloaManmunai West3000000.0%
BatticaloaEravur Town0000000.0%
BatticaloaKoralai Pattu (Valachchenai)4,68021124190.4%
BatticaloaKoralai Pattu North2,058711110171447.0%
BatticaloaKoralai Pattu West (Oddamavadi)616000561.0%
ColomboPadukka1,24002102131.1%
ColomboHanwella2191625124419.9%
GalleAkmeemana288004041.5%
GalleImaduwa53912214203.7%
GalleNagoda2,35029102231.0%
GalleNeluwa6,090232290.2%
GalleNiyagama723011130.5%
GalleThawalama6,440111250.1%
GalleYakkalamulla1,2723645171.3%
GalleBaddegama32000000.2%
GalleElpitiya917000000.0%
HambantotaThissamaharama582100010.1%
HambantotaWeeraketiya8000000.0%
HambantotaHambantota0000000.0%
HambantotaKatuwana77800020212.7%
HambantotaOkewela175000000.3%
JaffnaVadamaradchy East2000004.5%


 

2019 forest data for Sri Lanka | Archived forest data for Sri Lanka | Forest data for Sri Lanka

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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