Deforestation statistics for Sri Lanka

Total land area: Sri Lanka

Total land areaha
Land area6,628,110
Tree cover in 20183,446,232

 

Forest and tree cover extent: Sri Lanka

Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for Sri Lanka. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
20003,964,543
2001596,015
2010591,0363,554,653
2018586,5183,446,232
Primary/Total tree cover
2018
17%
Tree cover/Total land area
2018
52.0%

 

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Sri Lanka

Annual loss of primary forest cover and tree cover for Sri Lanka by year. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
20013,781
20025243,451
20039913,164
20044675,626
20055475,626
20064137,769
200767510,299
20084986,526
200950914,060
20103547,270
201149114,813
20121,58514,511
20132267,999
201436512,417
20153617,446
201642517,593
201762713,139
201843713,233
Primary loss 2002-20189,497
Tree cover loss
2001-2018
164,942
Primary loss/
Total tree cover loss
5.8%
Percent loss
2001-2018
1.6%
Loss/year
(2001/2-2010)
553.19 6,757
Loss/year
(2011-2018)
564.79 12,644

 

Biodiversity data: Sri Lanka

Species count by taxa for Sri Lanka. For consistency, all data for a given group comes from a single source. Amphibians - amphibiaweb; Reptiles - reptile-database; Fish - fishbase; Birds - birdlife; Mammals - IUCN; and Plants - World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
Animal / plant groupSpecies count
Birds376
Amphibians123
Reptiles230
Fishes1125
Mammals117
Vascular plants3314

 

Conservation data: Sri Lanka

Data on threatened species in Sri Lanka as of 2018, according to the IUCN Red List.
TaxaSpecies count
Threatened mammals (2018)30
Threatened birds (2018)16
Threatened fishes (2018)57
Threatened higher plants (2018)297

 

Protected areas data: Sri Lanka

Data on threatened species in Sri Lanka as of 2017, according to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) maintained by the United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Protected areas (2017)Percentage
Terrestrial protected areas,
% of total land area
29.9
Marine protected areas,
% of territorial waters

 

Tree cover loss data for Sri Lanka

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
loss 2001-2018
(ha)
% tree
cover loss
since 2000
Avg tree cover
loss/year
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2001-2010
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2011-2018
(ha)
106628110426770864.40%391162559.00%380515957.40%1749224.10%9718684613308
156628110419425263.30%374818956.50%364316455.00%1729074.10%9606678813128
206628110414341962.50%370958956.00%360580754.40%1711604.10%9509673812973
256628110406650061.40%362945854.80%352682153.20%1696644.20%9426670312830
306628110396454359.80%355465353.60%345350252.10%1678044.20%9322666512644
506628110356812653.80%305170746.00%296029444.70%1526504.30%8481612411427
756628110263350039.70%197603029.80%191609928.90%993463.80%551939427491

 

Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for Sri Lanka

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Biomass
loss 2001-18
(Mt)
Avg biomass
loss/year
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
(Mt)
106628110426770839116251219421287246732221370735452341212513007
156628110419425237481891207205050245021621361231449205062495584
206628110414341937095891198375305243483841352688446386472479925
256628110406650036294581185483740242155301345307443951292466396
306628110396454335546531167455425240433961335744440795482448864
506628110356812630517071086317266225299391251663413048962294716
7566281102633500197603085900222616520106917784302869331682607

 

Tree cover data for subnational administrative areas in Sri Lanka

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
% cover
in 2018
Loss
2001-2018
(ha)
% loss
since 2000
Avg loss/year
since 2000
(ha)
Loss 2001-2010
(ha)
loss
between
2000-2010
Avg loss/year 2001-2010
(ha)
Loss 2011-2018
(ha)
loss
between
2011-2018
Avg loss/year 2011-2018
(ha)
Ampara45058520246717319316940438%69873%38831982%32037892%474
Anuradhapura72442137307432044130573642%279047%1,550131994%1,320147055%1,838
Badulla28890919523916603616324057%54923%30526961%27027962%350
Batticaloa24882649352403213900516%19384%1086221%6213163%165
Colombo6914835654292862768640%26187%14510183%10216005%200
Galle16315513650312835412550877%50044%27821582%21628462%356
Gampaha13959296173810927905357%31383%17410991%11020393%255
Hambantota2625871191491021999983838%48344%26924732%24723612%295
Jaffna1077793149405537623%33010%18371%42937%37
Kalutara16620713630312619412184273%67005%37223482%23543523%544
Kandy19531716244814920814773176%29142%16214371%14414771%185
Kegalle16766015651415110114525487%80525%44722051%22158474%731
Kilinochchi13120636957354503435726%18515%1037582%7610933%137
Kurunegala49395429462324918823856248%137965%76631701%317106264%1,328
Mannar20278812960412516812221160%40803%22711231%11229572%370
Matale20827615773615017914567470%61074%33916021%16045053%563
Matara13154010991910336710168677%29303%16312491%12516812%210
Moneragala57842534702130728830128252%136854%76076792%76860062%751
Mullaitivu25753417632216844216257563%79274%44020601%20658673%733
Nuwara Eliya17472514081012700812501272%48513%27028552%28619962%250
Polonnaruwa34533917593915406215078044%46023%25613201%13232822%410
Puttalam31726517237514443813985144%80455%44734582%34645873%573
Ratnapura33181427798726227425838978%65792%36626941%26938851%486
Trincomalee26895213956512612112246346%67215%37330632%30636583%457
Vavuniya20210613966013018812260161%107198%59631322%31375876%948

 

Carbon dioxide emissions data for subnational administrative areas in Sri Lanka

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2011-18 (Mt)
Ampara4505852024671731935285906617170489539282316111737
Anuradhapura724421373074320441687807594437919246551207254295672
Badulla288909195239166036673177452054859114159107999121858
Batticaloa248826493524032110483215386688214831210633204
Colombo691483565429286125569131019201566224118675917
Galle16315513650312835455418036219602112200198038151955
Gampaha1395929617381092334467781136038631133996092055
Hambantota262587119149102199322046841312888729386650380982
Jaffna107779314940555077865892832747046486
Kalutara16620713630312619451844601257972114331893219205941
Kandy195317162448149208665547541238585688106142778039
Kegalle16766015651415110166345771325708018094992531291471
Kilinochchi13120636957354506788984321678178711384522904
Kurunegala49395429462324918887565177339308418850582928320475
Mannar20278812960412516822145371683217379571859862155
Matale20827615773615017958845669195903910883653189178394
Matara131540109919103367474085181265290702945612488006
Moneragala578425347021307288991012743816493212027217094205694
Mullaitivu2575341763221684423257269613273607374237543118991
Nuwara Eliya17472514081012700854479864189613010534111995687072
Polonnaruwa345339175939154062393952331032494573613009991438
Puttalam3172651723751444383608821815576198653469689107591
Ratnapura3318142779872622741120697862630456146136111556189363
Trincomalee268952139565126121300233201212729673745626881256
Vavuniya2021061396601301882265120715889838827748780137648

 

Biomass data for subnational administrative areas in Sri Lanka

This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Avg biomass
per ha
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2011-18 (Mt)
Ampara45058520246717319328832220143936575520324490060947
Anuradhapura724421373074320441375167781002420688134483113048161276
Badulla288909195239166036367187701881120833622695890966468
Batticaloa2488264935240321571811611621092011718660318111
Colombo6914835654292866849227192555926308852246541409
Galle163155136503128354302280192211197827665465347582885
Gampaha139592961738109218243698190619659344262179650212
Hambantota26258711914910219917566192147716119397843627444172
Jaffna10777931494055276974883213817853843537
Kalutara1662071363031261942827887220714071227817350847112332
Kandy19531716244814920836302594223675588375333350542567
Kegalle1676601565141511013618860123117765969870050472158984
Kilinochchi131206369573545037030821001754669748755212493
Kurunegala49395429462324918847762825162185076510282045234174804
Mannar2027881296041251681207929393372663207041014433902
Matale208276157736150179320976402041068562593652901297306
Matara13154010991910336725859191235690162383423061448003
Moneragala578425347021307288540552401562081728115652118415112197
Mullaitivu25753417632216844217766926101724017402232047964904
Nuwara Eliya174725140810127008297162902111034259574596543147494
Polonnaruwa34533917593915406221488309122563188312881641849876
Puttalam31726517237514443819684484114849596472003801158686
Ratnapura3318142779872622746112897322014347997971160849103289
Trincomalee26895213956512612116376355117661483367493069144321
Vavuniya2021061396601301881235520488866717481512660775081

 

 

Archived forest data for Sri Lanka | Forest data for Sri Lanka

 

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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