STATISTICS: Total Africa


Total Africa

21.4% —or about 635,412,000 hectares—of Total Africa is forested. Of this, none is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse form of forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Total Africa lost an average of 4,374,800 hectares of forest per year. The amounts to an average annual deforestation rate of 0.63%. Between 2000 and 2005, the rate of forest change decreased by 1.5% to 0.62% per annum. In total, between 1990 and 2005, Total Africa lost 9.1% of its forest cover, or around 63,949,000 hectares. Measuring the total rate of habitat conversion (defined as change in forest area plus change in woodland area minus net plantation expansion) for the 1990-2005 interval, Total Africa lost 9.1% of its forest and woodland habitat.



Africa Environmental profile






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Total Africa: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)2,968,458,000
Total Forest Area (ha)635,412,000
Percent Forest Cover21.41%
Primary Forest Cover (ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest0.00%
Primary Forest, % total land0.00%
Other wooded land (ha)406,100,000


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Total Africa: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)-0.0%
Modified natural (ha | %)-0.0%
Semi-natural (ha | %)-0.0%
Production plantation (ha | %)-0.0%
Production plantation (ha | %)-0.0%


Total Africa: Change in Forest Cover
TOTAL FOREST COVER
Forest 1990 (ha)699,361,000
Forest 2000 (ha)655,613,000
Forest 2005 (ha)635,412,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(4,374,800)-0.63%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(4,040,200)-0.62%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(63,949,000)-9.14%
Change in rate (%)-1.49%
PRIMARY FOREST COVER
Primary 1990 (ha)-
Primary 2000 (ha)-
Primary 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
OTHER WOODED LAND
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
PLANTATIONS
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-#DIV/0!
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
TOTAL DEGRADATION/CONSERVSION
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)699,361,000
Other 2000 (ha)655,613,000
Other 2005 (ha)635,412,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(4,374,800)-0.63%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(4,040,200)-0.62%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(63,949,000)-9.14%
Change in rate (%)-1.49%


Total Africa: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)0
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)0
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)0
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)0.00%


Total Africa: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)97.6%
Private (%)1.8%
Other (%)0.6%
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)94.4%
Private (%)2.8%
Other (%)2.8%
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)30.3%
Protection (%)4.6%
Conservation (%)16.4%
Social Services (%)0.1%
Multiple Services (%)24.8%
None of Unknown (%)23.8%


Total Africa: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)0.00%
Insects (ha)0.00%
Diseases (ha)0.00%
Other (ha)0.00%


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Total Africa: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)
Below-ground biomass (M t)
Dead wood (M t)
Total (M t)
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)
Carbon in dead wood (M t)
Carbon in litter (M t)
Soil carbon (M t)
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
1990-2000
2000-2005
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
1990-2000
2000-2005
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)
Plant products 2005
Food (t)
Fodder (t)
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)
Ornamental plants (t)
Exudates (t)
Other plant products (t)
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)
Hides, skins and trophies (units)
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)
Bush meat (t)
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)
Other edible animal products (t)
Other non-edible animal products (t)
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)$,000
Wood fuel (US$)$,000
Non-wood forest products (US$)$,000
Total value (US$)$,000
Total value ($USD/ha)$
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employed


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Total Africa : References & Data Sources


 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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