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TROPICAL RAINFORESTS

: Imperiled Riches—Threatened Rainforests
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Imperiled Riches - Threatened Rainforests


Largest area of tropical forest, by country

Forest cover statistics for 62 countries that have some type of wet tropical forest. All countries, including temperate and arid regions.

Sorted by total forest area. To sort by other columns, click on the appropriate header column.

RegionTotal landTotal forest coverPrimary forest cover
AreaArea, 2005Area, 2005Annual change
1990-2005
Total change
1990-2005
Annual Change
1990-2000
Annual Change
2000-2005
Area, 2005Area, 2005Annual change
1990-2005
Total change
1990-2005
Annual Change
1990-2000
Annual Change
2000-2005
Country(1000 ha)(1000 ha)%ha%%%(1000 ha)%ha%%%
Brazil 851,488 477,698 57.2 -2821933 -8.1 -0.52 -0.63 415,890 48.8 -2974867 -9.7 -0.09 -0.11
D.R. Congo 234,486 133,610 58.9 -461400 -4.9 -0.38 -0.24 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Indonesia 190,457 88,495 48.8 -1871467 -24.1 -1.61 -1.91 48,702 25.6 -1447800 -30.8 -2.33 -3.05
Peru 128,522 68,742 53.7 -94267 -2.0 -0.13 -0.14 61,065 47.5 -123000 -2.9 -0.35 -0.34
India 328,726 67,701 22.8 250800 5.9 0.57 0.04 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Mexico 195,820 64,238 33.7 -318533 -6.9 -0.50 -0.40 32,850 16.8 n/a -15.3 0.0 n/a
Colombia 113,891 60,728 58.5 -47400 -1.2 -0.08 -0.08 53,062 46.6 -52800 -1.5 -0.19 -0.15
Angola 124,670 59,104 47.4 -124800 -3.1 -0.20 -0.21 0 0.0 n/a n/a -0.12 -0.07
Bolivia 109,858 58,740 54.2 -270333 -6.5 -0.43 -0.45 29,360 26.7 -135200 -6.5 -0.59 -0.80
Venezuela 91,205 47,713 54.1 -287533 -8.3 -0.55 -0.59 - n/a n/a n/a
Zambia 75,261 42,452 57.1 -444800 -13.6 -0.91 -1.00 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Tanzania 94,509 35,257 39.9 -412267 -14.9 -0.99 -1.10 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Myanmar 67,658 32,222 49 -466467 -17.8 -1.19 -1.35 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Papua New Guinea 46,284 29,437 65 -139067 -6.6 -0.44 -0.46 25,211 54.5 -266600 -13.7 -0.43 -0.45
Central African Republic 62,298 22,755 36.5 -29867 -1.9 -0.13 -0.13 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Congo 34,200 22,471 65.8 -17000 -1.1 -0.07 -0.08 7,464 21.8 -5600 -1.1 -5.27 -11.14
Gabon 26,767 21,775 84.5 -10133 -0.7 -0.05 -0.05 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Cameroon 47,544 21,245 45.6 -220000 -13.4 -0.90 -0.98 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Malaysia 32,975 20,890 63.6 -99067 -6.6 -0.35 -0.65 3,820 11.6 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Zimbabwe 39,075 17,540 45.3 -312933 -21.1 -1.41 -1.64 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Laos 23,680 16,142 69.9 -78133 -6.8 -0.45 -0.47 1,490 6.3 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Guyana 21,497 15,104 76.7 0 0.0 0.00 0.00 9,314 43.3 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Suriname 16,327 14,776 94.7 0 0.0 0.00 0.00 14,214 87.1 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Thailand 51,312 14,520 28.4 -96333 -9.1 -0.72 -0.40 6,451 12.6 n/a 0.0 n/a -0.7
Viet Nam 33,169 12,931 39.7 237867 38.1 2.52 2.06 85 0.3 -19933 -77.9 -1.14 -1.28
Madagascar 58,704 12,838 22.1 -56933 -6.2 -0.49 -0.28 10,347 17.6 -10400 -1.5 -0.07 -0.07
Chad 128,400 11,921 9.5 -79267 -9.1 -0.60 -0.64 190 0.1 -1267 -9.1 n/a n/a
Nigeria 92,377 11,089 12.2 -409667 -35.7 -2.38 -3.12 326 0.4 -82000 -79.0 -0.60 -0.67
Ecuador 28,356 10,853 39.2 -197600 -21.5 -1.43 -1.67 4,794 16.9 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Cambodia 18,104 10,447 59.2 -166600 -19.3 -1.09 -1.90 322 1.8 -29600 -58.0 -2.06 -2.59
Côte d'Ivoire 32,246 10,405 32.7 12200 1.8 0.10 0.15 625 1.9 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Senegal 19,672 8,673 45 -45000 -7.2 -0.48 -0.51 1,598 8.1 -10733 -9.2 -0.80 -0.69
French Guiana 9,000 8,063 91.8 -1867 -0.3 -0.03 0.00 7,701 85.6 -13867 -2.6 -0.11 -0.36
Philippines 30,000 7,162 24 -227467 -32.3 -2.48 -1.98 829 2.8 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Burkina Faso 27,400 6,794 29 -24000 -5.0 -0.34 -0.35 0 0.0 n/a n/a -0.62 -0.61
Guinea 24,586 6,724 27.4 -45600 -9.2 -0.68 -0.52 63 0.3 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Ghana 23,854 5,517 24.2 -128733 -25.9 -1.82 -1.89 353 1.5 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Nicaragua 13,000 5,189 42.7 -89933 -20.6 -1.53 -1.26 1,849 14.2 n/a 0.0 -1.0 -1.1
Honduras 11,209 4,648 41.5 -182467 -37.1 -2.65 -2.88 1,512 13.5 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Panama 7,552 4,294 57.7 -5467 -1.9 -0.16 -0.06 3,023 40.0 -45533 -18.4 -0.94 -0.95
Guatemala 10,889 3,938 36.3 -54000 -17.1 -1.14 -1.28 1,957 18.0 -26800 -17.0 -1.26 -1.33
Uganda 24,104 3,627 18.4 -86467 -26.3 -1.76 -2.13 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Kenya 58,037 3,522 6.2 -12400 -5.0 -0.34 -0.34 704 1.2 -2533 -5.1 -2.30 -2.98
Malawi 11,848 3,402 36.2 -32933 -12.7 -0.84 -0.93 1,132 9.6 -39667 -34.5 n/a n/a
Liberia 11,137 3,154 32.7 -60267 -22.3 -1.49 -1.74 129 1.2 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Sierra Leone 7,174 2,754 38.5 -19333 -9.5 -0.63 -0.68 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Costa Rica 5,110 2,391 46.8 -11533 -6.7 -0.73 0.13 180 3.5 n/a -29.4 n/a n/a
Benin 11,262 2,351 21.3 -64733 -29.2 -1.95 -2.42 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Solomon Islands 2,890 2,172 77.6 -39733 -21.5 -1.43 -1.68 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Guinea-Bissau 3,612 2,072 73.7 -9600 -6.5 -0.43 -0.45 940 26.0 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Sri Lanka 6,561 1,933 29.9 -27800 -17.7 -1.14 -1.43 167 2.5 -6000 -35.0 -5.13 -10.91
Belize 2,296 1,653 72.5 0 0.0 0.00 0.00 612 26.7 n/a 0.0 -2.9 n/a
Equatorial Guinea 2,805 1,632 58.2 -15200 -12.3 -0.82 -0.89 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Dominican Republic 4,873 1,376 28.4 0 0.0 0.00 0.00 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Fiji 1,827 1,000 54.7 1400 2.1 0.21 0.00 894 48.9 n/a -0.1 n/a n/a
Rwanda 2,634 480 19.5 10800 50.9 0.82 7.91 0 0.0 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Gambia 1,130 471 41.7 1933 6.6 0.43 0.43 - n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Togo 5,679 386 7.1 -19933 -43.6 -2.91 -4.12 0 0.0 n/a n/a n/a n/a
El Salvador 2,104 298 14.4 -5133 -20.5 -1.36 -1.60 6 0.3 n/a 0.0 n/a n/a
Brunei 577 278 52.8 -2333 -11.2 -0.80 -0.69 278 48.2 -2333 -11.2 -4.05 -5.88
Burundi 2,783 152 5.9 -9133 -47.4 -3.15 -4.65 0 0.0 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Dominica 75 46 61.3 -267 -8.0 -0.60 -0.43 27 36.0 n/a -3.6 n/a n/a
Total 3,745,546 1,629,991 43.5 -10240133 -8.3 -0.57 -0.62


These figures are derived from data provided in "Forest Resources Assessment 2005" by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

A negative number for "Annual change" and/or "total change" reflects deforestation. A positive number in these columns suggests that forest is regrowing or, more likely, plantations are being established. "n/a" means data is not available, "n.s." means "not significant" (i.e. near 0).

More detailed figures for specific countries can be found at Country by Country Deforestation Rates.

Data can be sorted by clicking on the header title.

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