List of Extinct species in Madagascar

This is a list of Extinct species in Madagascar according to the IUCN Red List.

This list was last updated 2019-09-14


This list contains only species that have been assessed for the IUCN Red List. It is therefore not representative of all the species in the country.

Species counts by country: Total | Amphibians | Birds | Fish | Mammals | Reptiles | Vascular Plants.

Coua delalandei Delalande's Coua 22684143 EX
Afrocyclops pauliani 611 EX
Germainaia geayi 173096 EX
Unio malgachensis 91292882 EX
Ptychochromis onilahy 44504 EX
Tachybaptus rufolavatus Madagascar Red-necked Grebe 22696558 EX
Cryptoprocta spelea Giant Fosa 136456 EX
Palaeopropithecus ingens Large Sloth Lemur 136532 EX
Tropodiaptomus ctenopus 22379 EX
Unio madagascariensis 91292433 EX
Pantanodon madagascariensis 15949 EX
Hippopotamus lemerlei Madagascan Dwarf Hippopotamus 40782 EX
Hippopotamus madagascariensis Madagascan Dwarf Hippopotamus 40783 EX


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Species are classified by the IUCN Red List into nine groups:
  • Extinct (EX) – beyond reasonable doubt that the species is no longer extant.
  • Extinct in the wild (EW) – survives only in captivity, cultivation and/or outside native range, as presumed after exhaustive surveys.
  • Critically endangered (CR) – in a particularly and extremely critical state.
  • Endangered (EN) – very high risk of extinction in the wild, meets any of criteria A to E for Endangered.
  • Vulnerable (VU) – meets one of the 5 red list criteria and thus considered to be at high risk of unnatural (human-caused) extinction without further human intervention.
  • Near threatened (NT) – close to being at high risk of extinction in the near future.
  • Least concern (LC) – unlikely to become extinct in the near future.
  • Data deficient (DD)
  • Not evaluated (NE)