List of Critically Endangered species in Syria

This is a list of Critically Endangered species in Syria according to the IUCN Red List.

This list was last updated 2019-09-14


This list contains only species that have been assessed for the IUCN Red List. It is therefore not representative of all the species in the country.

Species counts by country: Total | Amphibians | Birds | Fish | Mammals | Reptiles | Vascular Plants.

Iris damascena 13161620 CR
Oxynoemacheilus tigris Halap Loach 19431830 CR
Iris nusairiensis 13161767 CR
Melanopsis pachya 189361 CR
Pseudophoxinus hasani Marqīyah Spring Minnow 19449267 CR
Acanthobrama tricolor Damascus Bream 19017787 CR
Melanopsis germaini 20593734 CR
Melanopsis infracincta 20593737 CR
Acanthobrama centisquama Long-spine Bream 60633 CR
Pseudophoxinus syriacus Barada Spring Minnow 61281 CR
Palaemonetes mesopotamicus 198009 CR
Isoetes olympica Olympic Quillwort 164351 CR


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Species are classified by the IUCN Red List into nine groups:
  • Extinct (EX) – beyond reasonable doubt that the species is no longer extant.
  • Extinct in the wild (EW) – survives only in captivity, cultivation and/or outside native range, as presumed after exhaustive surveys.
  • Critically endangered (CR) – in a particularly and extremely critical state.
  • Endangered (EN) – very high risk of extinction in the wild, meets any of criteria A to E for Endangered.
  • Vulnerable (VU) – meets one of the 5 red list criteria and thus considered to be at high risk of unnatural (human-caused) extinction without further human intervention.
  • Near threatened (NT) – close to being at high risk of extinction in the near future.
  • Least concern (LC) – unlikely to become extinct in the near future.
  • Data deficient (DD)
  • Not evaluated (NE)