Deforestation statistics for Nigeria



Total land area: Nigeria

Total land areaha
Land area91,056,311
Tree cover in 201810,326,662

 

Forest and tree cover extent: Nigeria

Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for Nigeria. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200010,077,588
20011,903,125
20101,869,18010,966,046
20181,789,17610,326,662
Primary/Total tree cover
2018
17%
Tree cover/Total land area
2018
11.3%

 

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Nigeria

Annual loss of primary forest cover and tree cover for Nigeria by year. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200143,540
20026,13232,411
20031,83013,406
20043,05514,672
20051,92214,672
20063,45826,220
20072,75324,630
20084,09027,541
20093,92425,350
20106,78132,867
20117,40354,011
20126,06235,068
20136,38543,546
20149,92868,819
20155,31841,020
201612,33672,372
201717,389171,538
201815,183120,143
Primary loss 2002-2018113,948
Tree cover loss
2001-2018
818,286
Primary loss/
Total tree cover loss
13.9%
Percent loss
2001-2018
6.0%
Loss/year
(2001/2-2010)
3,771.59 25,531
Loss/year
(2011-2018)
10,000.49 75,815

 

Biodiversity data: Nigeria

Species count by taxa for Nigeria. For consistency, all data for a given group comes from a single source. Amphibians - amphibiaweb; Reptiles - reptile-database; Fish - fishbase; Birds - birdlife; Mammals - IUCN; and Plants - World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
Animal / plant groupSpecies count
Birds864
Amphibians117
Reptiles203
Fishes775
Mammals285
Vascular plants4715

 

Conservation data: Nigeria

Data on threatened species in Nigeria as of 2018, according to the IUCN Red List.
TaxaSpecies count
Threatened mammals (2018)31
Threatened birds (2018)21
Threatened fishes (2018)74
Threatened higher plants (2018)205

 

Protected areas data: Nigeria

Data on threatened species in Nigeria as of 2017, according to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) maintained by the United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Protected areas (2017)Percentage
Terrestrial protected areas,
% of total land area
13.9
Marine protected areas,
% of territorial waters

 

Tree cover loss data for Nigeria

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
loss 2001-2018
(ha)
% tree
cover loss
since 2000
Avg tree cover
loss/year
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2001-2010
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2011-2018
(ha)
10910563114268152846.90%3946921243.30%3780740041.50%23713985.60%13174470959207727
15910563112676591829.40%2681708429.50%2536430127.90%20444427.60%11358059166181598
20910563111401489615.40%1582021217.40%1490804916.40%12583079.00%6990634614114020
25910563111297626714.30%1459894016.00%1375649915.10%11646489.00%6470332221105305
30910563111007758811.10%1096604612.00%1035952911.40%8604658.50%478042539575815
509105631147381555.20%45013154.90%42729724.70%3516247.40%195351232828543
75910563113161610.30%3598110.40%3534850.40%182545.80%10141193791

 

Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for Nigeria

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Biomass
loss 2001-18
(Mt)
Avg biomass
loss/year
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
(Mt)
1091056311426815283946921263056959542203836071224353440403662722446479
1591056311267659182681708448471748882034012241130006837290225620716792
209105631114014896158202123213362415144936896805205026571765014762092
259105631112976267145989403049801330137165111762028425146942813970524
309105631110077588109660462571614087109738753609659720118771211177095
5091056311473815545013151441551232538717932992877987649865486944
759105631131616135981112480116239168872176057180957398942

 

Tree cover data for subnational administrative areas in Nigeria

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
% cover
in 2018
Loss
2001-2018
(ha)
% loss
since 2000
Avg loss/year
since 2000
(ha)
Loss 2001-2010
(ha)
loss
between
2000-2010
Avg loss/year 2001-2010
(ha)
Loss 2011-2018
(ha)
loss
between
2011-2018
Avg loss/year 2011-2018
(ha)
Abia47474911382517205916325334%1425913%79254535%54588065%1,101
Adamawa3436060973701226881223284%10851%607251%733600%45
Akwa Ibom67788312155824559524239436%73656%40941643%41632011%400
Anambra46148933744471604642810%11663%654341%437322%92
Bauchi4913859900215721570%10%-10%-00%-
Bayelsa98299282522374988473859975%161042%89548191%482112852%1,411
Benue31396675548773636714782%25715%1434131%4121583%270
Borno715283542169316850%2764%21945%280%1
Cross River213534012717651310561125189859%778416%4,325191782%1,918586634%7,333
Delta167171399028691578687810353%554676%3,082177842%1,778376834%4,710
Ebonyi6211821507929660284435%168711%944703%4712174%152
Edo1964103104605297798381787042%22705122%12,614669386%6,69416011316%20,014
Ekiti52598340526341067338077672%344939%1,91645961%460298977%3,737
Enugu7732456290811667911554915%17013%955711%5711301%141
Federal Capital Territory7370491597222696213683%249416%13911667%11713286%166
Gombe18223552202820280%150%-150%-00%-
Imo53385610137414893914390127%1343313%74683958%84050383%630
Jigawa240669023293290%00%-00%-00%-
Kaduna4439688547813505134020%2865%161833%181031%13
Kano201590821051050%00%-00%-00%-
Katsina237815010000%10100%110100%10-
Kebbi36044091661381360%15895%915694%1621%-
Kogi290093925743133159930364810%4006916%2,226121185%1,212279518%3,494
Kwara35478401049351549131377444%2347422%1,30463056%6311716911%2,146
Lagos3805706974611679110906829%998314%55522603%22677237%965
Nassarawa26373641186451012498372%292125%162174615%17511752%147
Niger71135851516126440216020%1031768%573547936%548483818%605
Ogun161374648302359277754857934%6671514%3,706225175%2,252441987%5,525
Ondo14570591035195102107495648566%902199%5,012256302%2,563645896%8,074
Osun92356369888169421966483172%351565%1,95357681%577293884%3,674
Oyo274706529607451090648744918%3292211%1,82994653%947234575%2,932
Plateau2763307828116436163251%1542%9431%41111%14
Rivers86133439653044323042854350%187245%1,04040371%404146873%1,836
Sokoto31807814990%4100%-4100%-00%-
Taraba603797715378971641885159238426%725565%4,031230551%2,306495013%6,188
Yobe4563730261061030%26100%12388%233%-
Zamfara3458246326956920%2578%12269%230%-

 

Carbon dioxide emissions data for subnational administrative areas in Nigeria

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2011-18 (Mt)
Abia474749113825172059246990522829678157204115839208912
Adamawa3436060973701226882089012030585916992230099472
Akwa Ibom677883121558245595325456851667749926539474290041
Anambra4614893374447160748610024779513766950319096
Bauchi49138599002157182113909518014
Bayelsa9829928252237498842912548095613671311871169542489782
Benue313966755487736361067792449397327443923350205
Borno715283542169362674253236304152
Cross River2135340127176513105613878976972130248211834715393571988614
Delta1671713990286915786293133942134253167458514802111077901
Ebonyi6211821507929660321034133065218370995628887
Edo1964103104605297798323676997652565330292029617909834331938
Ekiti525983405263410673904352487485567415865107515801303
Enugu7732456290811667912046852323820179901109526609
Federal Capital Territory73704915972226963660417580805322672779237861
Gombe18223552202830827015270
Imo533856101374148939213264402442383135688157414108530
Jigawa240669023295111378140
Kaduna4439688547813505124026366167367642942904
Kano2015908210559645350
Katsina2378150100183518351021805
Kebbi360440916613836115348721937341787
Kogi2900939257431331599596054439678293537683314481816685
Kwara3547840104935154913228069345290927293940153530469454
Lagos3805706974611679115660571222095212338653011211356
Nassarawa263736411864510122606213626992348333761431356
Niger7113585151612644032590142204835122491119392126364
Ogun1613746483023592777105721733144961588053425260291154484
Ondo1457059103519510210742359279222134057411855876453931860830
Osun9235636988816942191590336527630994423944134794785382
Oyo2747065296074510906614559346981668387870215047603900
Plateau2763307828116436190719838180212111053392
Rivers8613343965304432301206455454507569250421102278435599
Sokoto31807814983984047814
Taraba603797715378971641885345466605164333859129665600221354146
Yobe45637302610669526727374574124
Zamfara3458246326956921605033653983

 

Biomass data for subnational administrative areas in Nigeria

This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Avg biomass
per ha
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2011-18 (Mt)
Abia4747491138251720591347221111815434738574963186113952
Adamawa343606097370122688113946091171668339269125505167
Akwa Ibom67788312155824559517752189146909674505375167849112
Anambra461489337444716040833251211351607509518310416
Bauchi491385990021579933211049628448
Bayelsa982992825223749884158866259192306200617011192478267154
Benue31396675548773636582432310526944314969503727385
Borno7152835421693341880231912916683
Cross River213534012717651310561211580564166116195366455302941951084698
Delta16717139902869157861598912411617322904406828261934587946
Ebonyi6211821507929660175109411618035510020543115756
Edo196410310460529779831291472591232867200015928899768992362876
Ekiti52598340526341067349328314122408304122683658644437075
Enugu7732456290811667965710121051766259813605214513
Federal Capital Territory73704915972226961996590125316805176001515920652
Gombe182235522028169891488150
Imo533856101374148939116326041151332219740128586359198
Jigawa240669023292798774470
Kaduna443968854781350567650812336092200523421584
Kano2015908210532412425130
Katsina23781501001001100100256983
Kebbi360440916613819700118190261057186548
Kogi2900939257431331599325120591265279072293282171536445464
Kwara354784010493515491312440146118288595416033183743256065
Lagos38057069746116791854213112312114356730228916115285
Nassarawa263736411864510121421571120341990189992051717103
Niger7113585151612644017776421181202637668136512368927
Ogun1613746483023592777576664011197906994439277286925629719
Ondo145705910351951021074128687958124116403216466853520331014999
Osun92356369888169421986745629124416235623124273524428390
Oyo2747065296074510906335214211133808165211565117297329400
Plateau276330782811643610402911262082511576021850
Rivers86133439653044323065806659166245866713659355787237599
Sokoto31807814945711045825442
Taraba6037977153789716418851884363291238963653497981305466738625
Yobe4563730261063792145367020431368
Zamfara3458246326953774117330018329445

 

 

Archived forest data for Nigeria | Forest data for Nigeria

 

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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