Deforestation statistics for Thailand

Total land area: Thailand

Total land areaha
Land area51,617,371
Tree cover in 201818,152,935

 

Forest and tree cover extent: Thailand

Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for Thailand. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200020,036,507
20015,936,855
20105,855,94019,345,169
20185,817,83318,152,935
Primary/Total tree cover
2018
32%
Tree cover/Total land area
2018
35.2%

 

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Thailand

Annual loss of primary forest cover and tree cover for Thailand by year. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200136,195
20023,85661,033
20034,24658,606
20048,03492,125
200510,67892,125
20069,554100,133
200711,32592,905
20087,81680,398
200913,198133,105
201012,206135,413
20118,56794,847
20128,092114,871
20133,97384,974
20144,650137,967
20152,326121,126
20164,806172,109
20173,745197,000
20181,948133,927
Primary loss 2002-2018119,022
Tree cover loss
2001-2018
1,902,664
Primary loss/
Total tree cover loss
6.3%
Percent loss
2001-2018
2.0%
Loss/year
(2001/2-2010)
8,990.59 88,204
Loss/year
(2011-2018)
4,763.35 132,103

 

Biodiversity data: Thailand

Species count by taxa for Thailand. For consistency, all data for a given group comes from a single source. Amphibians - amphibiaweb; Reptiles - reptile-database; Fish - fishbase; Birds - birdlife; Mammals - IUCN; and Plants - World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
Animal / plant groupSpecies count
Birds934
Amphibians147
Reptiles437
Fishes2138
Mammals311
Vascular plants11625

 

Conservation data: Thailand

Data on threatened species in Thailand as of 2018, according to the IUCN Red List.
TaxaSpecies count
Threatened mammals (2018)59
Threatened birds (2018)62
Threatened fishes (2018)106
Threatened higher plants (2018)159

 

Protected areas data: Thailand

Data on threatened species in Thailand as of 2017, according to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) maintained by the United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Protected areas (2017)Percentage
Terrestrial protected areas,
% of total land area
18.8
Marine protected areas,
% of territorial waters

 

Tree cover loss data for Thailand

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
loss 2001-2018
(ha)
% tree
cover loss
since 2000
Avg tree cover
loss/year
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2001-2010
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2011-2018
(ha)
10516173712200188742.60%2141986741.50%2027632239.30%20571939.40%11428991365142943
15516173712128020241.20%2060474039.90%1949007437.80%20145769.50%11192189991139333
20516173712094804440.60%2029588039.30%1919898937.20%19876809.50%11042789079137111
25516173712063322340.00%1984990738.50%1876670436.40%19655809.50%10919988238135400
30516173712003650738.80%1934516937.50%1828834835.40%19312539.60%10729287443132103
50516173711803277034.90%1672955032.40%1577807830.60%17504259.70%9724679895118934
75516173711108643821.50%972443818.80%914410217.70%113527410.20%630715549472542

 

Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for Thailand

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Biomass
loss 2001-18
(Mt)
Avg biomass
loss/year
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
(Mt)
1051617371220018872141986784879447914292559752384755478696927843720515
1551617371212802022060474083391269314243380872357433877795317043219621
2051617371209480442029588082669087844209993142338885177183213442879563
2551617371206332231984990781999457184182922972323846176686926742603848
3051617371200365071934516980652254574138623032299235075874758742152644
5051617371180327701672955075377461913876248042153471171064539939480300
755161737111086438972443850642936972691414701495230449342611227412562

 

Tree cover data for subnational administrative areas in Thailand

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
% cover
in 2018
Loss
2001-2018
(ha)
% loss
since 2000
Avg loss/year
since 2000
(ha)
Loss 2001-2010
(ha)
loss
between
2000-2010
Avg loss/year 2001-2010
(ha)
Loss 2011-2018
(ha)
loss
between
2011-2018
Avg loss/year 2011-2018
(ha)
Amnat Charoen325672363331696796543%1888952%1,0491157632%1,158731343%914
Ang Thong957863059633462997%1073%6722%7351%4
Bangkok Metropolis1584994787819381425%3006%172495%25511%6
Bueng Kan40174439909726626664217%1237831%688635816%63660208%753
Buri Ram10118807161911340011166311%26514%1479141%9117372%217
Chachoengsao52428089009968679383018%52996%29422623%22630373%380
Chai Nat247821796616698164607%5096%282713%272381%30
Chaiyaphum127104030418928072327999322%13020%725720%577300%91
Chanthaburi62958635889334298131510550%4047211%2,248125964%1,260278768%3,485
Chiang Mai221735516118421517543146290466%855615%4,753309222%3,092546394%6,830
Chiang Rai116219254730550944649661043%267925%1,488139563%1,396128363%1,605
Chon Buri44964171953665266059713%1013914%56342106%42159299%741
Chumphon60261744459744369340147167%7143116%3,968292097%2,9214222210%5,278
Kalasin6933984246246605454597%24536%13613073%13111462%143
Kamphaeng Phet86636619393018577218413021%43952%24427531%27516421%205
Kanchanaburi1940202103041598789697813150%257302%1,429159652%1,59797651%1,221
Khon Kaen10652177228895603952839%5451%302250%233200%40
Krabi48746937867137647631162264%12114632%6,7305629215%5,6296485417%8,107
Lampang125545286009876670175181760%295173%1,640146332%1,463148842%1,861
Lamphun45068324287322675822383050%106954%59477673%77729281%366
Loei105682035931833806933011331%111113%61731551%31679562%995
Lop Buri6281063472937336371266%3601%201500%152101%26
Mae Hong Son127206011587661110151105673183%706116%3,923171911%1,719534205%6,678
Maha Sarakham562701188416557165043%1186%7653%7530%7
Mukdahan4180401280031038109620523%1632513%90787207%87276057%951
Nakhon Nayok21507772293724387197533%8621%483991%404631%58
Nakhon Pathom21569817255265152628712%6184%343902%392281%29
Nakhon Phanom54819777206752286610612%2170528%1,2061258316%1,258912212%1,140
Nakhon Ratchasima207676227816131109730875615%59052%32835641%35623411%293
Nakhon Sawan9544827572982973822219%21163%11813642%1367521%94
Nakhon Si Thammarat99534162877660810053103453%13609622%7,561590309%5,9037706613%9,633
Nan122768694248486664083028268%727108%4,039363524%3,635363584%4,545
Narathiwat44793037919336964934185676%5924516%3,291314528%3,145277938%3,474
Nong Bua Lam Phu4146502681034911344188%6382%351451%154931%62
Nong Khai32396430279431224073713%440915%24520247%20223856%298
Nonthaburi639744305549254569%2606%142245%22361%5
Pathum Thani152345531712153120998%2394%131853%19540%7
Pattani19646391605861327922540%1213113%67452246%52269078%863
Phangnga40272634165632919029949574%6327219%3,5153357710%3,358296959%3,712
Phatthalung38435617641016347414311137%3356719%1,865132047%1,3202036312%2,545
Phayao61382733204131382530662850%169515%94297543%97571972%900
Phetchabun124270937689933897333608027%43551%24214620%14628931%362
Phetchaburi61999932786831504831213950%79922%44450832%50829091%364
Phichit4337876411973794392%90914%5161110%612983%37
Phitsanulok106277040713438968938609736%81422%45245501%45535921%449
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya256350761421078210308%2043%111562%16480%6
Phrae64987146797341233240228362%238055%1,323137563%1,376100492%1,256
Phuket5616733201293252673348%650320%361391112%39125929%324
Prachin Buri50117415795215599215452231%24272%1359571%9614701%184
Prachuap Khiri Khan64381230986329588428602044%202147%1,123103503%1,03598643%1,233
Ranong31529027256827320226373784%252539%1,403157886%1,57994653%1,183
Ratchaburi51983314441315050914842229%76715%42655844%55820871%261
Rayong371769126937849596356417%3231325%1,795109189%1,0922139525%2,674
Roi Et7846042067617710159762%400419%222227011%227173410%217
Sa Kaeo69177113974215298315145722%26512%14711251%11315261%191
Sakon Nakhon95736812086013315012824713%95708%53246674%46749034%613
Samut Prakan947943154638663187%1936%111254%13681%9
Samut Sakhon8575714892254962516329%9787%546454%653331%42
Samut Songkhram4094018519217482088351%12217%683562%368654%108
Saraburi35833875459748767368721%21873%1229981%10011892%149
Satun27107920809319702117401764%4191620%2,329189129%1,8912300412%2,876
Si Sa Ket89099310301012195711894313%57776%32127633%27630142%377
Sing Buri844841775539253686%583%3342%3240%3
Songkhla76502645448642467834898746%12633528%7,0195064411%5,0647569118%9,461
Sukhothai67234320319115202114519322%161878%89993595%93668284%854
Suphan Buri54403165417912219072117%15642%8710642%1065001%63
Surat Thani1317001103101199500884117764%26839426%14,91111456311%11,45615383115%19,229
Surin8846216309579284780129%26424%14713702%13712722%159
Tak172535112262041162121112219265%593985%3,300194692%1,947399293%4,991
Trang48801337435233879527818557%11436231%6,3535375214%5,3756061018%7,576
Trat28760416293618437816974759%2340114%1,30087705%877146318%1,829
Ubon Ratchathani155342524074022179821247114%3031313%1,684209869%2,09993274%1,166
Udon Thani11105698769811561511090410%65597%36418482%18547114%589
Uthai Thani66822632344633195433043849%33541%18618381%18415160%190
Uttaradit78274246410942730941933554%162604%90382862%82979742%997
Yala44515039981138866136405282%4741112%2,634228026%2,280246096%3,076
Yasothon4115052058014173108023%717035%398379918%380337124%421

 

Carbon dioxide emissions data for subnational administrative areas in Thailand

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2011-18 (Mt)
Amnat Charoen3256723633316967129623047087375393743439876336077
Ang Thong95786305963345104591995411091315851
Bangkok Metropolis158499478781936464984248423603515916
Bueng Kan4017443990972662115335823356886186494182631191322
Buri Ram10118807161911340022767586681454378592683851634
Chachoengsao52428089009968673383191816044018913371672110961
Chai Nat2478217966166982028988129865721569707521
Chaiyaphum1271040304189280723116924616483017268342331431235
Chanthaburi629586358893342981128939634127385357076964175161070423
Chiang Mai22173551611842151754369077404535197142195539712871282790733
Chiang Rai11621925473055094462129664919671713537317519098560092
Chon Buri4496417195366526252188313485968193665145087254388
Chumphon60261744459744369316656188926268090145933810858101926249
Kalasin693398424624660514415319775535430854284343388
Kamphaeng Phet866366193930185772759709281200934667197680154116
Kanchanaburi1940202103041598789648282423010421237578958642563499451
Khon Kaen106521772288956032177719818411010228922911478
Krabi48746937867137647614655494750059357278107523307793343946
Lampang12554528600987667013164239199695124538618496960590691
Lamphun450683242873226758944281883857598214311282510129062
Loei10568203593183380691256866333527214195956105916308507
Lop Buri62810634729373361023051798056544842756914
Mae Hong Son1272060115876611101515165987462998163516656467623092794818
Maha Sarakham56270118841655740368734535191921841588
Mukdahan418040128003103810518164175710808317267303443334547
Nakhon Nayok215077722937243833432706269035149461390416250
Nakhon Pathom2156981725526515188788270017389043543310
Nakhon Phanom5481977720675228226842915757836319880335123300826
Nakhon Ratchasima2076762278161311097108519864180341610019011230485047
Nakhon Sawan954482757298297328924465625865347704122926697
Nakhon Si Thammarat99534162877660810025645553860062109333678425863224274861
Nan122768694248486664038172060526307549146153113229441634764
Narathiwat44793037919336964915718483023431237130173512316631389326
Nong Bua Lam Phu414650268103491173521241704719471463215519
Nong Khai323964302794312292977641187689659835835775515
Nonthaburi63974430554925457193341718572868593
Pathum Thani1523455317121537085232841615792175833
Pattani1964639160586132307215264536314252017192242326736
Phangnga40272634165632919014259464126305266146140414118441523353
Phatthalung38435617641016347476492815156097448672086232471172160
Phayao6138273320413138251325929885958680331038343923314931
Phetchabun124270937689933897313379473613196397331346965106248
Phetchaburi6199993278683150481419071822512276139571164671108196
Phichit433787641197371758640256747142641754510162
Phitsanulok10627704071343896891473910092388270132682133676131439
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya25635076142107810259292982016572207969
Phrae6498714679734123321703849637986237443680473337406608
Phuket561673320129325134420342618291145461158301129410
Prachin Buri50117415795215599263705534724436402463368548448
Prachuap Khiri Khan6438123098632958841198778077296057405337396667416173
Ranong31529027256827320211803453410102580561254646168455113
Ratchaburi51983314441315050958080822265913414773020115580948
Rayong371769126937849594531200512064929670274415997988120
Roi Et784604206761771067215581246724692627156866380
Sa Kaeo69177113974215298352988690777281431823455453967
Sakon Nakhon957368120860133150431945782779556154420138515174301
Samut Prakan947943154638647010228614159017851346
Samut Sakhon8575714892254961468532121061672682184860
Samut Songkhram40940185192174823431951631979067496414195
Saraburi358338754597487626130867636288353492967942438
Satun27107920809319702180526851179659389981088120671230658
Si Sa Ket890993103010121957429457191988610110478101858121254
Sing Buri844841775539238503914627813846771
Songkhla76502645448642467818795817554927519305152922171224094538
Sukhothai672343203191152021671608004948595274922288888257465
Suphan Buri544031654179122119690753471035261693141819607
Surat Thani13170011031011995008441319913112705849626143648343128045341
Surin884621630957928421786339752048417804192041606
Tak1725351122620411621215444222562387312713262857880281999106
Trang48801337435233879514959619948338158268545322996973167649
Trat287604162936184378547749966533637362980264927485546
Ubon Ratchathani15534252407402217989580889310521319584518743670385578
Udon Thani1110569876981156152609719117531989740053418152377
Uthai Thani6682263234463319541518935541260314700177244566984
Uttaradit7827424641094273091709337185353290297405278549320975
Yala44515039981138866118121810020647788114709910168491309912
Yasothon411505205801417367603932511310139517133912146523

 

Biomass data for subnational administrative areas in Thailand

This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Avg biomass
per ha
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2011-18 (Mt)
Amnat Charoen325672363331696770703471953865849214769239933183315
Ang Thong95786305963342784329110883605717464
Bangkok Metropolis15849947878193352637742317512881918500
Bueng Kan40174439909726626291046158183103110172499617104357
Buri Ram10118807161911340012418683173371704206501464028163
Chachoengsao524280890099686718453771208875120486183909360524
Chai Nat247821796616698110672113970834393538024102
Chaiyaphum127104030418928072363777064210263467146371271717038
Chanthaburi629586358893342981703307091966948290386016227736583867
Chiang Mai2217355161184215175433767858402341919843710665807020701522217
Chiang Rai11621925473055094461161635402125275480293082283143305506
Chon Buri449641719536652613755725191190144110563679139138757
Chumphon60261744459744369390851940204143280477960035922601050681
Kalasin69339842462466057862901185423020235012336923667
Kamphaeng Phet86636619393018577241438687213655049363924189129517
Kanchanaburi194020210304159878962633586702565684308315795350489272428
Khon Kaen1065217722889560311878470164100418557950346260
Krabi4874693786713764767993906321127305107151695012713341823971
Lampang12554528600987667011725948642015288249293792271069322195
Lamphun45068324287322675851506284212210414511689715409670398
Loei105682035931833806968556346191192393010688557771168277
Lop Buri6281063472937336558027916153486297123323771
Mae Hong Son127206011587661110151281781134243163536219085354158051524446
Maha Sarakham5627011884165572201921171883310461191866
Mukdahan418040128003103810282635002213114983173055165514182480
Nakhon Nayok215077722937243818236021252146744815275848864
Nakhon Pathom215698172552651510297536038188212223751805
Nakhon Phanom5481977720675228123732511603140642174480182794164087
Nakhon Ratchasima207676227816131109759192652213983678546496125646390
Nakhon Sawan954482757298297315776981208341387189662248914562
Nakhon Si Thammarat99534162877660810013988483922232761142182006314107202331743
Nan122768694248486664020821123822114349566797198721605891689
Narathiwat4479303791933696498573718022612780683710038671816757816
Nong Bua Lam Phu4146502681034911401025014992983516625278465
Nong Khai32396430279431225071509167647825359903183141190
Nonthaburi6397443055492297665691822810131564323
Pathum Thani15234553171215338646773155008611187454
Pattani1964639160586132167571971832474337137463104859178219
Phangnga4027263416563291907777889722814348323797129770097830919
Phatthalung384356176410163474417233542378514406473023339953639360
Phayao613827332041313825723234482183250189180566187594171781
Phetchabun124270937689933897372978946194719802399892561857953
Phetchaburi619999327868315048774039182361370327761298982059016
Phichit43378764119737959257149140041778095715542
Phitsanulok1062770407134389689803950961981302688723727291471694
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya25635076142107855959874162619031204528
Phrae649871467973412332929372521984356131242007258184221786
Phuket56167332012932573320182211428159793428634670587
Prachin Buri50117415795215599234748474220395152219531837426427
Prachuap Khiri Khan643812309863295884653878942113979670221093216364227004
Ranong315290272568273202643824742365510499306139352455248244
Ratchaburi5198331444131505093168044621914504378058010972144153
Rayong37176912693784959247156391956580873365604226907538975
Roi Et78460420676177103666305177680043377803903836208
Sa Kaeo69177113974215298328902923207423975235541884829437
Sakon Nakhon957368120860133150235606791951516124842297555495073
Samut Prakan94794315463862564188115610867974734
Samut Sakhon8575714892254968010185466029366844822651
Samut Songkhram40940185192174812781066989020494627087743
Saraburi358338754597487614253201189347072192821618923148
Satun271079208093197021439237352119799603544422442946671268
Si Sa Ket890993103010121957234249372271084676602605555866138
Sing Buri84484177553922100201187984444462421
Songkhla76502645448642467810252264122629960464166447012093392233384
Sukhothai672343203191152021366331621802699239149958157575140436
Suphan Buri544031654179122110740410164256934142741713710695
Surat Thani1317001103101199500824071995223361475921341532926368984388368
Surin884621630957928411883458188410207227892286522694
Tak172535112262041162121296957595242130217127234284298341090421
Trang4880133743523387958159792721826366272146479312543801727809
Trat287604162936184378298772701833563800197989144505264843
Ubon Ratchathani1553425240740221798522593932175738895318828405638210315
Udon Thani11105698769811561514234832162956291531272913783115
Uthai Thani66822632344633195482851030256687447381923951536537
Uttaradit782742464109427309932365732012919980162221151936175077
Yala4451503998113886619884623624711262425625690554645714497
Yasothon411505205801417336874871791369812761017304379923

 

 

Archived forest data for Thailand | Forest data for Thailand

 

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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