TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Argentina Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 10.7% or about 29,400,000 ha of Argentina is forested, according to FAO. Of this 5.9% ( 1,738,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Argentina had 1,394,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Argentina lost an average of 269,650 ha or 0.78% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Argentina lost 15.5% of its forest cover, or around 5,393,000 ha.

Argentina's forests contain 3,062 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Argentina has some 1913 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 13.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 6.4% are threatened. Argentina is home to at least 9372 species of vascular plants, of which 11.7% are endemic. 2.1% of Argentina is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)795645
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)1,3061,018889
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)435336290
Total forest carbon (Mt C)1,7411,3541,178
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)222426
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Argentina pictures

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Argentina

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Argentina: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)273669
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)29400
Percent Forest Cover11
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)1738
Primary Forest, % total forest6
Other wooded land (1000 ha)61471
Percent other wooded land22




Argentina: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)17386
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2626889
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)13945


Argentina: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
34793318613059929400
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-293-252-240
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.88-0.81-0.80


Argentina: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
34027307852939628006
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-324-324-278
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.0-0.95-0.9


Argentina: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1738173817381738
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00.00.0


Argentina: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
766107612031394
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
312538
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
3.462.262.99


Argentina: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
50409083


Argentina: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
---


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Argentina: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
2931100504242769
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
85814


Argentina: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
3414323631433062
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
104
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-18-19-16
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Argentina: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
30598


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
409-----


Argentina: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
8221830011046100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
350935704489100


Argentina: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
20022814441n.s.


Argentina: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-32-
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-32-
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
111


Argentina: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2007) Sub-national forest law: Yes

Argentina: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
9948994914851


Argentina: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-38309161908047389161


Argentina: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Argentina: Environment
    Environment - current issuesenvironmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrializing economy such as deforestation, soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
    Natural hazardsSan Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast; heavy flooding


    Argentina: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 12.31%
    permanent crops: 0.48%
    other: 87.21% (2001)
    Natural resourcesfertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium


    Argentina: Economy
    Economy - overview:Argentina benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. Over the past decade, however, the country has suffered problems of inflation, external debt, capital flight, and budget deficits. Growth in 2000 was a negative 0.8%, as both domestic and foreign investors remained skeptical of the government's ability to pay debts and maintain the peso's fixed exchange rate with the US dollar. The economic situation worsened in 2001 with the widening of spreads on Argentine bonds, massive withdrawals from the banks, and a further decline in consumer and investor confidence. Government efforts to achieve a "zero deficit," to stabilize the banking system, and to restore economic growth proved inadequate in the face of the mounting economic problems. The peso's peg to the dollar was abandoned in January 2002, and the peso was floated in February; the exchange rate plunged and real GDP fell by 10.9% in 2002, but by mid-year the economy had stabilized, albeit at a lower level. GDP expanded by about 8% per year from 2003 to 2005. Growth is being led by a revival in domestic demand, solid exports, and favorable external conditions. The government boosted spending ahead of the October 2005 midterm congressional elections, but strong revenue performance will allow Argentina to exceed its primary budget surplus target for this year of 3.2 percent of GDP. Inflation has been rising steadily and is expected to reach 11.8 percent this year.
    GDP - per capita$13,600 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)8.2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productssunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 10.5%, industry: 35.8%, services: 53.7% (2004 est.)
    Industries food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel
    Economic aid - recipient$10 billion (2001 est.)
    Debt - external$119 billion (June 2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)38.5% (June 2005)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%


    Argentina: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)39,537,943
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.98%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)14.4
    Percent rural (2003)9.9%
    Median age (years)total: 29.42 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.19 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%


    Largest Cities in Argentina

    Cities and urban areas in Argentina with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    Buenos AiresArgentina1165510012923800
    CordobaArgentina14602001543500
    RosarioArgentina12434001358300
    MendozaArgentina977500977500
    La PlataArgentina833100833100
    TucumanArgentina791200791200
    Mar del PlataArgentina679000679000
    SaltaArgentina519900519900
    Santa FeArgentina500000500000
    San JuanArgentina435700435700
    ResistenciaArgentina399500399500
    NeuquenArgentina391900391900
    Santiago del EsteroArgentina388100388100
    CorrientesArgentina330000330000
    Bahia BlancaArgentina309300309300
    PosadasArgentina297300297300
    JujuyArgentina260500260500
    ParanaArgentina258700258700
    FormosaArgentina227000227000
    CatamarcaArgentina178200178200
    Rio CuartoArgentina171400171400
    Comodoro RivadaviaArgentina166000166000
    San NicolasArgentina155900155900
    San LuisArgentina150200150200
    La RiojaArgentina145500145500
    ConcordiaArgentina142600142600
    San RafaelArgentina117900117900
    San Carlos de BarilocheArgentina114800114800
    TrelewArgentina111200111200
    TandilArgentina108500108500
    MercedesArgentina106600106600


    Argentina: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use8,009,400 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular6.5 million (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 215,471 km
    paved: 63,348 km (including 734 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 152,123 km (1999)


    Argentina: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 75.91 years
    male: 72.17 years
    female: 79.85 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate15.18 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.7% (2001 est.)

    Argentina : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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