TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Belarus Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 41.6% or about 8,630,000 ha of Belarus is forested, according to FAO. Of this 4.6% ( 400,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Belarus had 1,857,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Belarus lost an average of 42,500 ha or 0.55% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Belarus gained 10.9% of its forest cover, or around 850,000 ha.

Belarus's forests contain 611 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Belarus has some 317 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.2% are threatened. Belarus is home to at least 2100 species of vascular plants. 6.3% of Belarus is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Belarus

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Belarus: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)20748
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)8630
Percent Forest Cover42
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)400
Primary Forest, % total forest5
Other wooded land (1000 ha)520
Percent other wooded land3




Belarus: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)4005
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)637374
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)185722


Belarus: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
7780827384368630
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
493339
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.620.390.46


Belarus: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
6262658166796773
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
323219
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.50.510.29


Belarus: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
400400400400
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Belarus: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1518169217571857
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
171320
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1.090.761.11


Belarus: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
50191418000


Belarus: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Belarus: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
15801831061519100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Belarus: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
386482540611
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
71
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
101214
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
0.91.21.3


Belarus: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
1100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
41164n.s.62123


Belarus: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
547948766571100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
8229511074100


Belarus: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Belarus: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-3435
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
223333
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-11


Belarus: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1996)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2007) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2000) Sub-national forest law: No

Belarus: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
326851433888153365316


Belarus: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
7002665606000656060


Belarus: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Belarus: Environment
    Environment - current issuessoil pollution from pesticide use; southern part of the country contaminated with fallout from 1986 nuclear reactor accident at Chornobyl' in northern Ukraine
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
    Natural hazardsNA


    Belarus: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 29.55%
    permanent crops: 0.6%
    other: 69.85% (2001)
    Natural resourcesforests, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay


    Belarus: Economy
    Economy - overview:Belarus's economy in 2004-05 posted 6.4% and 7.8% growth. Still, the economy continues to be hampered by high inflation, persistent trade deficits, and ongoing rocky relations with Russia, Belarus' largest trading partner and energy supplier. Belarus has seen little structural reform since 1995, when President LUKASHENKO launched the country on the path of "market socialism." In keeping with this policy, LUKASHENKO reimposed administrative controls over prices and currency exchange rates and expanded the state's right to intervene in the management of private enterprises. In addition, businesses have been subject to pressure on the part of central and local governments, e.g., arbitrary changes in regulations, numerous rigorous inspections, retroactive application of new business regulations, and arrests of "disruptive" businessmen and factory owners. A wide range of redistributive policies has helped those at the bottom of the ladder; the Gini coefficient is among the lowest in the world. For the time being, Belarus remains self-isolated from the West and its open-market economies. Growth has been strong in recent years, despite the roadblocks in a tough, centrally directed economy and the high, but decreasing, rate of inflation. Growth has been buoyed by increased Russian demand for generally noncompetitive Belarusian goods.
    GDP - per capita$7,600 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)7.8% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsgrain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beets, flax; beef, milk
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 11.1%, industry: 38.4%, services: 50.4% (2004 est.)
    Industries metal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, chemical fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators
    Economic aid - recipient$194.3 million (1995)
    Debt - external$4.662 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)27.1% (2003 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 14%, industry 34.7%, services 51.3% (2003 est.)


    Belarus: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)10,300,483
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)-0.09%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)49.6
    Percent rural (2003)29.1%
    Median age (years)total: 37.03 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.39 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Belarusian 81.2%, Russian 11.4%, Polish 3.9%, Ukrainian 2.4%, other 1.1% (1999 census)


    Largest Cities in Belarus

    Cities and urban areas in Belarus with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    MinskBelarus17647001764700
    GomelBelarus502600502600
    MogilevBelarus373000373000
    VitebskBelarus355200355200
    HrodnoBelarus312900312900
    BrestBelarus305800305800
    BabruyskBelarus227700227700
    BaranoviciBelarus176300176300
    BorisovBelarus154300154300
    PinskBelarus135400135400
    OrsaBelarus124100124100
    MozirBelarus109100109100
    SolegorskBelarus101100101100


    Belarus: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use3,071,300 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1.118 million (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 93,055 km
    paved: 93,055 km (2003)


    Belarus: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 68.72 years
    male: 63.03 years
    female: 74.69 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate13.37 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.3% (2001 est.)

    Belarus : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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