TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Botswana Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 20.0% or about 11,351,000 ha of Botswana is forested, according to FAO.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Botswana lost an average of 118,350 ha or 0.86% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Botswana lost 17.3% of its forest cover, or around 2,367,000 ha.

Botswana's forests contain 646 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Botswana has some 900 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.8% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 1.7% are threatened. Botswana is home to at least 2151 species of vascular plants, of which 0.8% are endemic. 18.1% of Botswana is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)210
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)28127
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)942
Total forest carbon (Mt C)37169
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)181920
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Botswana pictures

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Botswana

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Botswana: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)56673
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)11351
Percent Forest Cover20
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)34791
Percent other wooded land61




Botswana: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)11351100
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00


Botswana: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
13718125351194311351
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-118-118-118
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.90-0.96-1.01


Botswana: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
13718125351194311351
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-118-118-118
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.9-0.86-0.94


Botswana: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Botswana: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Botswana: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
000010000


Botswana: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
24571


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Botswana: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
760670760-
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Botswana: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
680663655646
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
57
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-2-2-2
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Botswana: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
399-


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Botswana: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
76---
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
695731759100


Botswana: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-10---


Botswana: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Botswana: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1968) Sub-national forest law: No

Botswana: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
--6372162922


Botswana: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
111------


Botswana: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Botswana: Environment
    Environment - current issuesovergrazing; desertification; limited fresh water resources
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsperiodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility


    Botswana: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 0.65%
    permanent crops: 0.01%
    other: 99.34% (2001)
    Natural resourcesdiamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver


    Botswana: Economy
    Economy - overview:Botswana has maintained one of the world's highest economic growth rates since independence in 1966. Through fiscal discipline and sound management, Botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to a middle-income country with a per capita GDP of $10,100 in 2005. Two major investment services rank Botswana as the best credit risk in Africa. Diamond mining has fueled much of the expansion and currently accounts for more than one-third of GDP and for 70-80% of export earnings. Tourism, financial services, subsistence farming, and cattle raising are other key sectors. On the downside, the government must deal with high rates of unemployment and poverty. Unemployment officially is 23.8%, but unofficial estimates place it closer to 40%. HIV/AIDS infection rates are the second highest in the world and threaten Botswana's impressive economic gains. An expected leveling off in diamond mining production overshadow long-term prospects.
    GDP - per capita$10,100 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productslivestock, sorghum, maize, millet, beans, sunflowers, groundnuts
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 2.4%, industry: 46.9% (including 36% mining), services: 50.7% (2003 est.)
    Industries diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing; textiles
    Economic aid - recipient$73 million (1995)
    Debt - external$556 million (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)30.3% 47% (2003)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)NA


    Botswana: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)1,640,115
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.00%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)2.8
    Percent rural (2003)48.4%
    Median age (years)total: 19.29 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.85 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%


    Largest Cities in Botswana

    Cities and urban areas in Botswana with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    GaboroneBotswana223000223000
    FrancistownBotswana106100106100


    Botswana: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use142,400 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular435,000 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 25,233 km
    paved: 8,867 km
    unpaved: 16,366 km (2003)


    Botswana: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 33.87 years
    male: 33.89 years
    female: 33.84 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate54.58 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)37.3% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria (2004)

    Botswana : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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