TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Cambodia Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 57.2% or about 10,094,000 ha of Cambodia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 3.2% ( 322,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Cambodia had 69,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Cambodia lost an average of 142,500 ha or 1.10% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Cambodia lost 22.0% of its forest cover, or around 2,850,000 ha.

Cambodia's forests contain 464 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Cambodia has some 775 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.4% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 7.7% are threatened. 20.5% of Cambodia is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)1398
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)1,112880811
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)309241220
Total forest carbon (Mt C)1,4211,1211,031
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)110127132
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Cambodia Environmental profile | Cambodia pictures

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Cambodia

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Cambodia: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)17652
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)10094
Percent Forest Cover57
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)322
Primary Forest, % total forest3
Other wooded land (1000 ha)133
Percent other wooded land1




Cambodia: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)3223
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)970396
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)691


Cambodia: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
12944115461073110094
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-140-163-127
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.14-1.45-1.22


Cambodia: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
12877114671065710025
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-141-141-144
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.1-1.09-1.26


Cambodia: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
766456322322
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-31-270
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-5.05-6.720


Cambodia: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
67797469
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1-1-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1.66-1.30-1.39


Cambodia: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
3353914017


Cambodia: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
---2-
Cambodia: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
95995---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Cambodia: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
609537495464
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
46
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-7-8-6
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Cambodia: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Cambodia: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
6251824-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
9401-


Cambodia: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Cambodia: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
191616
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Cambodia: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2002)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2007) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2002) Sub-national forest law: No

Cambodia: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
752-1722816008


Cambodia: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
14151005---1005-


Cambodia: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Cambodia: Environment
    Environment - current issuesillegal logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand have resulted in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); soil erosion; in rural areas, most of the population does not have access to potable water; declining fish stocks because of illegal fishing and overfishing
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
    Natural hazardsmonsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts


    Cambodia: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 20.96%
    permanent crops: 0.61%
    other: 78.43% (2001)
    Natural resourcesoil and gas, timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential


    Cambodia: Economy
    Economy - overview:In 1999, the first full year of peace in 30 years, the government made progress on economic reforms. The United States and Cambodia signed a Bilateral Textile Agreement, which gave Cambodia a guaranteed quota of US textile imports and established a bonus for improving working conditions and enforcing Cambodian labor laws and international labor standards in the industry. From 2001 to 2004, the economy grew at an average rate of 6.4%, driven largely by an expansion in the garment sector and tourism. With the January 2005 expiration of a WTO Agreement on Textiles and Clothing, Cambodia-based textile producers were forced to compete directly with lower priced producing countries such as China and India. Economic growth slowed to an estimated 3.8% in 2005, due to sharply higher competitive pressures in the garment industry and early droughts in 14 of 24 provinces. Faced with the possibility that that its vibrant garment industry, with more than 200,000 jobs, could be in serious danger, the Cambodian government has committed itself to a policy of continued support for high labor standards in an attempt to maintain favor with buyers. The tourism industry continues to grow rapidly, with foreign visitors surpassing one million for the year by September 2005. The long-term development of the economy remains a daunting challenge. The Cambodian government continues to work with bilateral and multilateral donors, including the World Bank and IMF, to address the country's many pressing needs. In December 2004, official donors pledged $504 million in aid for 2005 on the condition that the Cambodian government implement steps to reduce corruption. The major economic challenge for Cambodia over the next decade will be fashioning an economic environment in which the private sector can create enough jobs to handle Cambodia's demographic imbalance. More than 50% of the population is 20 years or younger. The population lacks education and productive skills, particularly in the poverty-ridden countryside, which suffers from an almost total lack of basic infrastructure. Fully 75% of the population remains engaged in subsistence farming.
    GDP - per capita$2,100 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsrice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, tapioca
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 32.9%, industry: 29.2%, services: 37.9% (2004)
    Industries tourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles
    Economic aid - recipient$504 million pledged in grants and concessional loans for 2005 by international donors
    Debt - external$800 million (2003 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)40% (2004 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 75% (2004 est.)


    Cambodia: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)13,607,069
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.81%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)77.1
    Percent rural (2003)81.4%
    Median age (years)total: 19.91 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)3.44 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%


    Largest Cities in Cambodia

    Cities and urban areas in Cambodia with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    Phnom PenhCambodia11338001133800
    BatdambangCambodia195000195000
    Siem RiepCambodia142300142300


    Cambodia: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use35,400 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular380,000 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 12,323 km
    paved: 1,996 km
    unpaved: 10,327 km (2000)


    Cambodia: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 58.92 years
    male: 56.98 years
    female: 60.95 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate71.48 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)2.6% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis are high risks in some locations
    note: at present, H5N1 avian influenza poses a minimal risk; during outbreaks among birds, rare cases could occur among US personnel who have close contact with infected birds or poultry (2005)

    Cambodia : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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