TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Central African Republic Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 36.3% or about 22,605,000 ha of Central African Republic is forested, according to FAO. Of this 10.5% ( 2,370,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Central African Republic had 2,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Central African Republic lost an average of 29,900 ha or 0.13% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Central African Republic lost 2.6% of its forest cover, or around 598,000 ha.

Central African Republic's forests contain 2,861 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Central African Rep has some 1010 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 1.5% are threatened. Central African Rep is home to at least 3602 species of vascular plants, of which 2.8% are endemic. 11.8% of Central African Rep is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)534234
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)2,5172,1451,841
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)745631538
Total forest carbon (Mt C)3,2622,7762,378
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)626670
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Central African Republic Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Central African Republic

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Central African Republic: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)62300
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)22605
Percent Forest Cover36
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)2370
Primary Forest, % total forest10
Other wooded land (1000 ha)10122
Percent other wooded land16




Central African Republic: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)237010
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2023390
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2n.s.


Central African Republic: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
23203229032275522605
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-30-30-30
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.13-0.13-0.13


Central African Republic: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
23201229012275322603
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-30-30-30
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.100


Central African Republic: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
3900313527522370
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-77-77-76
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-2.16-2.57-2.94


Central African Republic: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2222
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Central African Republic: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
210107800


Central African Republic: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
9109


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1015084
Central African Republic: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
37761670377628
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Central African Republic: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
2936289828792861
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
127
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-4-4-4
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Central African Republic: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Central African Republic: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
4961108765100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
323123002300-


Central African Republic: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
153----


Central African Republic: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
457
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
346
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
111


Central African Republic: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2003)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1994) Temporarily suspended
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2008) Sub-national forest law: No

Central African Republic: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
4008450946210


Central African Republic: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
7945------


Central African Republic: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Central African Republic: Environment
    Environment - current issuestap water is not potable; poaching has diminished the country's reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
    Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common


    Central African Republic: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 3.1%
    permanent crops: 0.14%
    other: 96.76% (2001)
    Natural resourcesdiamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower


    Central African Republic: Economy
    Economy - overview:Subsistence agriculture, together with forestry, remains the backbone of the economy of the Central African Republic (CAR), with more than 70% of the population living in outlying areas. The agricultural sector generates half of GDP. Timber has accounted for about 16% of export earnings and the diamond industry, for 40%. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked position, a poor transportation system, a largely unskilled work force, and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization, with GDP growth at only 0.5% in 2004 and 2.5% in 2005. Distribution of income is extraordinarily unequal. Grants from France and the international community can only partially meet humanitarian needs.
    GDP - per capita$1,200 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscotton, coffee, tobacco, manioc (tapioca), yams, millet, corn, bananas; timber
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 55%, industry: 20%, services: 25% (2001 est.)
    Industries gold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, textiles, footwear, assembly of bicycles and motorcycles
    Economic aid - recipientODA $59.8 million; note - traditional budget subsidies from France (2002 est.)
    Debt - external$1.06 billion (2002 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA


    Central African Republic: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)3,799,897
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.49%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)6.1
    Percent rural (2003)57.3%
    Median age (years)total: 18.12 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)4.5 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%


    Largest Cities in Central African Republic

    Cities and urban areas in Central African Republic with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    BanguiCentral African Republic652900789400


    Central African Republic: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use9,000 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular13,000 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 23,810 km (1999)


    Central African Republic: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 43.39 years
    male: 43.27 years
    female: 43.52 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate91 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)13.5% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2004)

    Central African Republic : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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