TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Fiji Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 55.5% or about 1,014,000 ha of Fiji is forested, according to FAO. Of this 44.3% ( 449,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Fiji had 177,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Fiji lost an average of 3,050 ha or 0.32% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Fiji gained 6.4% of its forest cover, or around 61,000 ha.

Fiji's forests contain - million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Fiji has some 164 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 28.7% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 15.2% are threatened. Fiji is home to at least 1518 species of vascular plants, of which 50.1% are endemic. 9.9% of Fiji is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Fiji

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Fiji: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)1827
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)1014
Percent Forest Cover56
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)449
Primary Forest, % total forest44
Other wooded land (1000 ha)78
Percent other wooded land4




Fiji: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)44944
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)38838
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)17717


Fiji: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
9539809971014
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
333
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.290.340.34


Fiji: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
861850844837
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1-1-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.1-0.13-0.15


Fiji: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
490445448449
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-41n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.940.140.04


Fiji: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
92130153177
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
455
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
3.533.312.84


Fiji: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
179906500


Fiji: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
5950


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
6094


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Fiji: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
-----
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Fiji: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
----
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
-
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
---


Fiji: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Fiji: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
318287506-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
1722190-


Fiji: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
241---


Fiji: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Fiji: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2007)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1992) Sub-national forest law: No

Fiji: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
118316331676


Fiji: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
22595739---5739-


Fiji: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Fiji: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardscyclonic storms can occur from November to January


    Fiji: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 10.95%
    permanent crops: 4.65%
    other: 84.4% (2001)
    Natural resourcestimber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower


    Fiji: Economy
    Economy - overview:Fiji, endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though still with a large subsistence sector. Sugar exports and a growing tourist industry - with 300,000 to 400,000 tourists annually - are the major sources of foreign exchange. Fiji's sugar has special access to European Union markets, but will be harmed by the EU's decision to cut sugar subsidies. Sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity, but is not efficient. Long-term problems include low investment, uncertain land ownership rights, and the government's ability to manage its budget. Yet short-run economic prospects are good, provided tensions do not again erupt between indigenous Fijians and Indo-Fijians. Overseas remittances from Fijians working in Kuwait and Iraq have increased significantly.
    GDP - per capita$6,000 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productssugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 16.6%, industry: 22.4%, services: 61% (2001 est.)
    Industries tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries
    Economic aid - recipient$40.3 million (1995)
    Debt - external$188.1 million (2001 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)25.5% (1990-91)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture, including subsistence agriculture 70% (2001 est.)


    Fiji: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)893,354
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.40%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)48.9
    Percent rural (2003)48.3%
    Median age (years)total: 24.28 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.75 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Fijian 51% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)


    Largest Cities in Fiji


    Cities and urban areas in Fiji with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    [capitals, land area, total population]


    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    SuvaFiji176000176000


    Fiji: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use102,000 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular109,900 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 3,440 km
    paved: 1,692 km
    unpaved: 1,748 km (1999)


    Fiji: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 69.53 years
    male: 67.05 years
    female: 72.14 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate12.62 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2003 est.)

    Fiji : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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