TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Finland Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 72.9% or about 22,157,000 ha of Finland is forested, according to FAO. Finland had 5,904,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Finland lost an average of 13,400 ha or 0.06% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Finland gained 1.2% of its forest cover, or around 268,000 ha.

Finland's forests contain 832 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Finland has some 512 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.8% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.5% are threatened. Finland is home to at least 1102 species of vascular plants. 3.1% of Finland is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Finland

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Finland: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)30409
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)22157
Percent Forest Cover73
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)1112
Percent other wooded land4




Finland: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1625273
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)590427


Finland: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
21889224592215722157
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
57-600
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.26-0.270


Finland: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
17496.017503.016253.016253.0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
11.0-125.0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00.0-0.7


Finland: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Finland: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
4393495659045904
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
561900
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1.213.560.0


Finland: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
8709n.s.400


Finland: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
32680


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
84160


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Finland: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
218999175643398
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
109


Finland: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
721802832832
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
38
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
860
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.0


Finland: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
1100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
1210618n.s.


Finland: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
438405572155152100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
337151125933100


Finland: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
2632881332853n.s.


Finland: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
392423
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
392423
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Finland: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2008)
Sub-national forest policy: Yes
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2008) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1996) Sub-national forest law: Yes

Finland: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----1587-


Finland: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Finland: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Finland: Environment
    Environment - current issuesair pollution from manufacturing and power plants contributing to acid rain; water pollution from industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsNA


    Finland: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 7.19%
    permanent crops: 0.03%
    other: 92.78% (2001)
    Natural resourcestimber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone


    Finland: Economy
    Economy - overview:Finland has a highly industrialized, largely free-market economy, with per capita output roughly that of the UK, France, Germany, and Italy. Its key economic sector is manufacturing - principally the wood, metals, engineering, telecommunications, and electronics industries. Trade is important, with exports equaling two-fifths of GDP. Finland excels in high-tech exports, e.g., mobile phones. Except for timber and several minerals, Finland depends on imports of raw materials, energy, and some components for manufactured goods. Because of the climate, agricultural development is limited to maintaining self-sufficiency in basic products. Forestry, an important export earner, provides a secondary occupation for the rural population. Rapidly increasing integration with Western Europe - Finland was one of the 12 countries joining the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) - will dominate the economic picture over the next several years. High unemployment remains a persistent problem.
    GDP - per capita$30,300 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)1.7% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsbarley, wheat, sugar beets, potatoes; dairy cattle; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 3.1%, industry: 30.4%, services: 66.5% (2005 est.)
    Industries metals and metal products, electronics, machinery and scientific instruments, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Debt - external$211.7 billion (30 June 2005)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture and forestry 8%, industry 22%, construction 6%, commerce 14%, finance, insurance, and business services 10%, transport and communications 8%, public services 32%


    Finland: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)5,223,442
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.16%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)17.2
    Percent rural (2003)39.1%
    Median age (years)total: 40.97 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.73 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Finn 93.4%, Swede 5.7%, Russian 0.4%, Estonian 0.2%, Roma 0.2%, Sami 0.1%


    Largest Cities in Finland

    Cities and urban areas in Finland with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    HelsinkiFinland5747001147000
    EspooFinland224400224400
    TampereFinland199200199200
    VantaaFinland186000186000
    TurkuFinland176600176600
    OuluFinland122900122900


    Finland: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use2.548 million (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular4.7 million (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 78,168 km
    paved: 50,616 km (including 653 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 27,552 km (2004)


    Finland: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 78.35 years
    male: 74.82 years
    female: 82.02 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate3.57 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2003 est.)

    Finland : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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