TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Georgia Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 39.5% or about 2,742,000 ha of Georgia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 18.2% ( 500,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Georgia had 184,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Georgia lost an average of 1,850 ha or 0.07% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Georgia lost 1.3% of its forest cover, or around 37,000 ha.

Georgia's forests contain 212 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Georgia has some 442 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 6.1% are threatened. Georgia is home to at least 4350 species of vascular plants, of which 8.7% are endemic. 4.2% of Georgia is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Georgia

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Georgia: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)6949
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)2742
Percent Forest Cover39
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)500
Primary Forest, % total forest18
Other wooded land (1000 ha)51
Percent other wooded land1




Georgia: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)50018
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)205975
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1847


Georgia: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2779276827552742
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1-3-3
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.04-0.09-0.09


Georgia: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2725270826942558
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-2-2-15
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.1-0.06-0.55


Georgia: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
500500500500
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Georgia: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
546061184
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1n.s.25
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1.060.1724.86


Georgia: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
079813000


Georgia: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Georgia: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
467170126341-
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Georgia: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
192203207212
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
77
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Georgia: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
-100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Georgia: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
10391111100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
248299666100


Georgia: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Georgia: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
1243
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Georgia: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2006) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1999) Sub-national forest law: No

Georgia: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
--2026-650-


Georgia: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Georgia: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Georgia: Environment
    Environment - current issuesair pollution, particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsearthquakes


    Georgia: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 11.44%
    permanent crops: 3.86%
    other: 84.7% (2001)
    Natural resourcesforests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth


    Georgia: Economy
    Economy - overview:Georgia's main economic activities include the cultivation of agricultural products such as citrus fruits, tea, hazelnuts, and grapes; mining of manganese and copper; and output of a small industrial sector producing alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages, metals, machinery, and chemicals. The country imports the bulk of its energy needs, including natural gas and oil products. Its only sizable internal energy resource is hydropower. Despite the severe damage the economy has suffered due to civil strife, Georgia, with the help of the IMF and World Bank, has made substantial economic gains since 1995, achieving positive GDP growth and curtailing inflation. Georgia had suffered from a chronic failure to collect tax revenues, however, the new government is making progress in reforming the tax code, enforcing taxes, and cracking down on corruption. In addition, the privatisation process has taken off, permitting the government to boost expenditures on infrastructure, defence and poverty reduction. Smuggling is a perennial drain on the economy. Georgia also suffers from energy shortages; it privatized the T'bilisi electricity distribution network in 1998, but payment collection rates remain low, both in T'bilisi and throughout the regions. The country is pinning its hopes for long-term growth on its role as a transit state for pipelines and trade. The construction on the Baku-T'bilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline and the Baku-T'bilisi-Erzerum gas pipeline have brought much-needed investment and job opportunities. Nevertheless, high energy prices in 2006 will compound the pressure on the country's inefficient energy sector. Restructuring the sector and finding energy supply alternatives to Russia remains a major challenge.
    GDP - per capita$3,400 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)10% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscitrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 16%, industry: 26.8%, services: 57.2% (2005 est.)
    Industries steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine
    Economic aid - recipientODA $150 million (2000 est.)
    Debt - external$1.9 billion (2003)
    Population below poverty line (%)54% (2001 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 40%, industry 20%, services 40% (1999 est.)


    Georgia: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)4,677,401
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)-0.35%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)67.1
    Percent rural (2003)48.1%
    Median age (years)total: 37.36 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.41 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census)


    Largest Cities in Georgia

    Cities and urban areas in Georgia with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    TbilisiGeorgia13829001455600
    KutaisiGeorgia267300267300
    BatumiGeorgia144600144600
    ZugdidiGeorgia104900104900


    Georgia: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use650,500 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular522,300 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 20,247 km
    paved: 7,973 km
    unpaved: 12,274 km (2003)


    Georgia: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 75.88 years
    male: 72.59 years
    female: 79.67 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate18.59 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

    Georgia : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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