TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Guatemala Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 33.7% or about 3,657,000 ha of Guatemala is forested, according to FAO. Of this 44.3% ( 1,619,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Guatemala had 173,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Guatemala lost an average of 54,550 ha or 1.15% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Guatemala lost 23.0% of its forest cover, or around 1,091,000 ha.

Guatemala's forests contain 281 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Guatemala has some 1246 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 6.7% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 8.1% are threatened. Guatemala is home to at least 8681 species of vascular plants, of which 13.5% are endemic. 5.4% of Guatemala is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)866
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)576460418
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)164130118
Total forest carbon (Mt C)740590537
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)879295
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Guatemala Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Guatemala

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Guatemala: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)10843
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)3657
Percent Forest Cover34
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)1619
Primary Forest, % total forest44
Other wooded land (1000 ha)1672
Percent other wooded land15




Guatemala: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)161944
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)186551
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1735


Guatemala: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
4748420839383657
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-54-54-56
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.20-1.32-1.47


Guatemala: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
4697411538373484
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-58-58-63
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.2-1.24-1.53


Guatemala: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2359209119571619
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-27-27-68
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.20-1.32-3.72


Guatemala: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
5193101173
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
4214
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
6.191.6611.36


Guatemala: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
280630009


Guatemala: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
42525


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Guatemala: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
596163--17
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
5332


Guatemala: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
365324303281
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
77
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-4-4-4
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Guatemala: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
1n.s.----


Guatemala: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-594800-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-396533-


Guatemala: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
42----


Guatemala: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
--39
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Guatemala: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1999)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2003) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1996) Sub-national forest law: No

Guatemala: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----36727


Guatemala: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
228281998--13080199813080


Guatemala: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Guatemala: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation in the Peten rainforest; soil erosion; water pollution
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsnumerous volcanoes in mountains, with occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical storms


    Guatemala: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 12.54%
    permanent crops: 5.03%
    other: 82.43% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower


    Guatemala: Economy
    Economy - overview:Guatemala is the largest and most populous of the Central American countries with a GDP per capita roughly one-half that of Brazil, Argentina, and Chile. The agricultural sector accounts for about one-fourth of GDP, two-thirds of exports, and half of the labor force. Coffee, sugar, and bananas are the main products. The 1996 signing of peace accords, which ended 36 years of civil war, removed a major obstacle to foreign investment, but widespread political violence and corruption scandals continue to dampen investor confidence. The distribution of income remains highly unequal, with perhaps 75% of the population below the poverty line. Other ongoing challenges include increasing government revenues, negotiating further assistance from international donors, upgrading both government and private financial operations, curtailing drug trafficking, and narrowing the trade deficit.
    GDP - per capita$4,300 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)3.1% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productssugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 22.8%, industry: 19.1%, services: 58.1% (2005 est.)
    Industries sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism
    Economic aid - recipient$250 million (2000 est.)
    Debt - external$5.503 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)75% (2004 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 50%, industry 15%, services 35% (1999 est.)


    Guatemala: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)14,655,189
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.57%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)135.2
    Percent rural (2003)53.7%
    Median age (years)total: 18.47 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)4.53 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census)


    Largest Cities in Guatemala

    Cities and urban areas in Guatemala with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    GuatemalaGuatemala10903002564900
    QuezaltenangoGuatemala120000120000


    Guatemala: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use846,000 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1,577,100 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 14,095 km
    paved: 4,863 km (including 75 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 9,232 km (1999)


    Guatemala: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 69.06 years
    male: 67.37 years
    female: 70.84 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate35.93 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)1.1% (2003 est.)

    Guatemala : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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