TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Guinea-Bissau Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 71.9% or about 2,022,000 ha of Guinea-Bissau is forested, according to FAO. Guinea-Bissau had 1,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Guinea-Bissau lost an average of 9,700 ha or 0.44% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Guinea-Bissau lost 8.8% of its forest cover, or around 194,000 ha.

Guinea-Bissau's forests contain 96 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Guinea-Bissau has some 620 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.8% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 1.1% are threatened. Guinea-Bissau is home to at least 1000 species of vascular plants, of which 1.2% are endemic. 0.0% of Guinea-Bissau is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)311
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)743817
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)23125
Total forest carbon (Mt C)975022
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)373735
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Guinea-Bissau Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Guinea-Bissau

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Guinea-Bissau: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)2812
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)2022
Percent Forest Cover72
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)230
Percent other wooded land8




Guinea-Bissau: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2021100
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1n.s.


Guinea-Bissau: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2216212020722022
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-10-10-10
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.44-0.46-0.49


Guinea-Bissau: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2216212020712021
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-10-10-10
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.4-0.43-0.47


Guinea-Bissau: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Guinea-Bissau: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.11
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
5.587.855.63


Guinea-Bissau: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
2912553000


Guinea-Bissau: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Guinea-Bissau: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
6130--34
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
13


Guinea-Bissau: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
1061019896
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
47
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-1-1n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Guinea-Bissau: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Guinea-Bissau: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
2077-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
223335-


Guinea-Bissau: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Guinea-Bissau: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Guinea-Bissau: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1992)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1992) Under revision
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1991) Sub-national forest law: No

Guinea-Bissau: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
292112841426311


Guinea-Bissau: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
12172-48-121-


Guinea-Bissau: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Guinea-Bissau: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires


    Guinea-Bissau: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 10.67%
    permanent crops: 8.82%
    other: 80.51% (2001)
    Natural resourcesfish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum


    Guinea-Bissau: Economy
    Economy - overview:One of the 10 poorest countries in the world, Guinea-Bissau depends mainly on farming and fishing. Cashew crops have increased remarkably in recent years, and the country now ranks sixth in cashew production. Guinea-Bissau exports fish and seafood along with small amounts of peanuts, palm kernels, and timber. Rice is the major crop and staple food. However, intermittent fighting between Senegalese-backed government troops and a military junta destroyed much of the country's infrastructure and caused widespread damage to the economy in 1998; the civil war led to a 28% drop in GDP that year, with partial recovery in 1999-2002. Before the war, trade reform and price liberalization were the most successful part of the country's structural adjustment program under IMF sponsorship. The tightening of monetary policy and the development of the private sector had also begun to reinvigorate the economy. Because of high costs, the development of petroleum, phosphate, and other mineral resources is not a near-term prospect. However, offshore oil prospecting has begun and could lead to much-needed revenue in the long run. The inequality of income distribution is one of the most extreme in the world. The government and international donors continue to work out plans to forward economic development from a lamentably low base. In December 2003, the World Bank, IMF, and UNDP were forced to step in to provide emergency budgetary support in the amount of $107 million for 2004, representing over 80% of the total national budget. Government drift and indecision, however, have resulted in continued low growth in 2002-05.
    GDP - per capita$800 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2.8% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsrice, corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, cotton; timber; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 62%, industry: 12%, services: 26% (1999 est.)
    Industries agricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks
    Economic aid - recipient$115.4 million (1995)
    Debt - external$941.5 million (2000 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 82% (2000 est.)


    Guinea-Bissau: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)1,416,027
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.96%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)50.6
    Percent rural (2003)66.0%
    Median age (years)total: 18.97 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)4.93 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)African 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%


    Largest Cities in Guinea-Bissau

    Cities and urban areas in Guinea-Bissau with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    BissauGuinea-Bissau288300288300


    Guinea-Bissau: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use10,600 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1,300 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 4,400 km
    paved: 453 km
    unpaved: 3,947 km (1999)


    Guinea-Bissau: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 46.61 years
    male: 44.77 years
    female: 48.52 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate107.17 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)10% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever are high risks in some locations
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2004)

    Guinea-Bissau : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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