TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Hungary Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 22.6% or about 2,029,000 ha of Hungary is forested, according to FAO. Hungary had 1,612,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Hungary lost an average of 11,400 ha or 0.63% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Hungary gained 12.7% of its forest cover, or around 228,000 ha.

Hungary's forests contain 142 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Hungary has some 490 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.4% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.5% are threatened. Hungary is home to at least 2214 species of vascular plants, of which 1.7% are endemic. 8.8% of Hungary is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Hungary

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Hungary: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)8961
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)2029
Percent Forest Cover23
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Hungary: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)41721
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)161279


Hungary: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1801190719832029
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
11159
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.570.780.46


Hungary: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
348398417417
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
552
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1.41.440.48


Hungary: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Hungary: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1453150915661612
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
6119
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.380.740.58


Hungary: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
6414211000


Hungary: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
5842n.s.


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
671716


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Hungary: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
3591775530594
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
0-


Hungary: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
117130136142
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
70
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Hungary: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
2100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
15525283024512


Hungary: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
412938603452100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
261523222943100


Hungary: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
195108---


Hungary: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
383736
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
373231
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
155


Hungary: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2006) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2009) Sub-national forest law: No

Hungary: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
563305312941823


Hungary: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
2013722582496983645143772622664075


Hungary: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Hungary: Environment
    Environment - current issuesthe upgrading of Hungary's standards in waste management, energy efficiency, and air, soil, and water pollution to meet EU requirements will require large investments
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Sulfur 94


    Hungary: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 50.09%
    permanent crops: 2.06%
    other: 47.85% (2001)
    Natural resourcesbauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land


    Hungary: Economy
    Economy - overview:Hungary has made the transition from a centrally planned to a market economy, with a per capita income one-half that of the Big Four European nations. Hungary continues to demonstrate strong economic growth and acceded to the European Union in May 2004. The private sector accounts for over 80% of GDP. Foreign ownership of and investment in Hungarian firms are widespread, with cumulative foreign direct investment totaling more than $23 billion since 1989. Hungarian sovereign debt was upgraded in 2000 and together with the Czech Republic holds the highest rating among the Central European transition economies; however, ratings agencies have expressed concerns over Hungary's unsustainable budget and current account deficits. Inflation has declined from 14% in 1998 to 3.7% in 2005. Unemployment has persisted around the 6% level, but Hungary's labor force participation rate of 57% is one of the lowest in the OECD. Germany is by far Hungary's largest economic partner. Policy challenges include cutting the public sector deficit to 3% of GDP by 2008, from about 6.5% in 2005, and orchestrating an orderly interest rate reduction without sparking capital outflows.
    GDP - per capita$15,900 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)3.7% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, corn, sunflower seed, potatoes, sugar beets; pigs, cattle, poultry, dairy products
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 3.9%, industry: 30.9%, services: 65.3% (2005 est.)
    Industries mining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles
    Economic aid - recipient$4.2 billion in available EU structural adjustment and cohesion funds (2004-06)
    Debt - external$76.23 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)8.6% (1993 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 6.2%, industry 27.1%, services 66.7% (2002)


    Hungary: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)10,006,835
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)-0.26%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)108.4
    Percent rural (2003)34.9%
    Median age (years)total: 38.57 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.32 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Hungarian 92.3%, Roma 1.9%, other or unknown 5.8% (2001 census)


    Largest Cities in Hungary

    Cities and urban areas in Hungary with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    BudapestHungary18581002598300
    DebrecenHungary208900208900
    MiskolcHungary181200181200
    SzegedHungary171600171600
    PecsHungary163100163100
    GyorHungary133100133100
    NyiregyhazaHungary119800119800
    SzekesfehervarHungary111100111100
    KecskemetHungary108400108400


    Hungary: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use3,666,400 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular6,862,800 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 159,568 km
    paved: 70,050 km (including 527 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 89,518 km (2002)


    Hungary: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 72.4 years
    male: 68.18 years
    female: 76.89 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate8.57 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2001 est.)

    Hungary : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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