TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Iceland Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 0.3% or about 30,000 ha of Iceland is forested, according to FAO. Iceland had 27,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Iceland lost an average of 1,050 ha or 11.67% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Iceland gained 233.3% of its forest cover, or around 21,000 ha.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Iceland has some 305 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.3% are threatened. Iceland is home to at least 377 species of vascular plants, of which 0.3% are endemic. 4.7% of Iceland is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Iceland

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Iceland: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)10025
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)30
Percent Forest Covern.s.
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)86
Percent other wooded land1




Iceland: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)310
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2790


Iceland: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
9182530
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
7.786.663.32


Iceland: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
3333
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.000


Iceland: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Iceland: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
6152227
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
10.457.783.73


Iceland: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
2013n.s.194440


Iceland: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
30700


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
73270


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Iceland: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
n.s.15n.s.n.s.-
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
19


Iceland: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.n.s.
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
9
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Iceland: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
0-


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
n.s.-----


Iceland: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
n.s.n.s.1100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
n.s.n.s.n.s.100


Iceland: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
n.s.n.s.n.s.1n.s.


Iceland: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
000


Iceland: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: Yes
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1955) Sub-national forest law: No

Iceland: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
542958246030


Iceland: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
01033842606145103994305


Iceland: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Iceland: Environment
    Environment - current issueswater pollution from fertilizer runoff; inadequate wastewater treatment
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Transboundary Air Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation
    Natural hazardsearthquakes and volcanic activity


    Iceland: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 0.07%
    permanent crops: 0%
    other: 99.93% (2001)
    Natural resourcesfish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite


    Iceland: Economy
    Economy - overview:Iceland's Scandinavian-type economy is basically capitalistic, yet with an extensive welfare system (including generous housing subsidies), low unemployment, and remarkably even distribution of income. In the absence of other natural resources (except for abundant geothermal power), the economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides 70% of export earnings and employs 8% of the work force. The economy remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to fluctuations in world prices for its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. Government policies include reducing the budget and current account deficits, limiting foreign borrowing, containing inflation, revising agricultural and fishing policies, diversifying the economy, and privatizing state-owned industries. The government remains opposed to EU membership, primarily because of Icelanders' concern about losing control over their fishing resources. Iceland's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries in the last decade, and new developments in software production, biotechnology, and financial services are taking place. The tourism sector is also expanding, with the recent trends in ecotourism and whale watching. Growth had been remarkably steady in 1996-2001 at 3%-5%, but could not be sustained in 2002 in an environment of global recession. Growth resumed in 2003, and estimates call for strong growth until 2007, slowly dropping until the end of the decade.
    GDP - per capita$34,600 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)5.9% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productspotatoes, green vegetables, mutton, dairy products, fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 11.8%, industry: 22.3%, services: 65.9% (2005 est.)
    Industries fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power; tourism
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Debt - external$3.073 billion (2002)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture, fishing and fish processing 10.3%, industry 18.3%, services 71.4% (2003)


    Iceland: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)296,737
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.91%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)3.0
    Percent rural (2003)7.2%
    Median age (years)total: 34 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.92 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%


    Largest Cities in Iceland

    Cities and urban areas in Iceland with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    ReykjavíkIceland114200114200


    Iceland: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use190,700 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular279,100 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 13,004 km
    paved/oiled gravel: 4,331 km
    unpaved: 8,673 km (2004)


    Iceland: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 80.19 years
    male: 78.13 years
    female: 82.34 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate3.31 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.2% (2001 est.)

    Iceland : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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