TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Iran Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 6.8% or about 11,075,000 ha of Iran is forested, according to FAO. Of this 1.8% ( 200,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Iran had 844,000 ha of planted forest. Iran's forests contain 258 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Iran is home to at least 8000 species of vascular plants. 0.0% of Iran is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Iran

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Iran: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)162855
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)11075
Percent Forest Cover7
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)200
Primary Forest, % total forest2
Other wooded land (1000 ha)5340
Percent other wooded land3




Iran: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2002
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1003191
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)8448


Iran: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
11075110751107511075
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Iran: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
10231102311023110231
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.000


Iran: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
200200200200
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Iran: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
844844844844
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.000


Iran: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
140108500


Iran: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Iran: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
53648---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Iran: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
249249254258
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
23
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.11
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Iran: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Iran: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
125620502448-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
4255520-


Iran: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
114n.s.---


Iran: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
6386-
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Iran: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): - (-)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1996) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1967) Sub-national forest law: -

Iran: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Iran: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Iran: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Iran: Environment
    Environment - current issuesair pollution, especially in urban areas, from vehicle emissions, refinery operations, and industrial effluents; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; oil pollution in the Persian Gulf; wetland losses from drought; soil degradation (salination); inadequate supplies of potable water; water pollution from raw sewage and industrial waste; urbanization
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
    Natural hazardsperiodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes


    Iran: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 8.72%
    permanent crops: 1.39%
    other: 89.89% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur


    Iran: Economy
    Economy - overview:Iran's economy is marked by a bloated, inefficient state sector, over reliance on the oil sector, and statist policies that create major distortions throughout. Most economic activity is controlled by the state. Private sector activity is typically small-scale - workshops, farming, and services. President KHATAMI has continued to follow the market reform plans of former President RAFSANJANI, with limited progress. Relatively high oil prices in recent years have enabled Iran to amass some $40 billion in foreign exchange reserves, but have not eased economic hardships such as high unemployment and inflation. The proportion of the economy devoted to the development of weapons of mass destruction remains a contentious issue with leading Western nations.
    GDP - per capita$8,100 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4.8% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 11.8%, industry: 43.3%, services: 44.9% (2005 est.)
    Industries petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), metal fabrication, armaments
    Economic aid - recipient$408 million (2002 est.)
    Debt - external$16.94 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)40% (2002 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 30%, industry 25%, services 45% (2001 est.)


    Iran: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)68,017,860
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.86%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)41.6
    Median age (years)total: 24.23 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.82 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%


    Largest Cities in Iran

    Cities and urban areas in Iran with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    TehranIran772290010978900
    MashhadIran20407002040700
    EsfahanIran13623002593100
    TabrizIran12106001210600
    ShirazIran11585001158500
    AhvazIran973600973600
    QomIran893500893500
    KermanshahIran771400771400
    ZahedanIran509300509300
    OrumiyehIran482600482600
    RashtIran426000426000
    KermanIran419200419200
    HamadanIran408700408700
    ArakIran397900397900
    YazdIran359800359800
    ArdabilIran349400349400
    Bandar-e AbbasIran321400321400
    QazvinIran313200313200
    SanandajIran307600307600
    ZanjanIran299100299100
    KhorramabadIran290200290200
    AbadanIran249200249200
    DezfulIran245100245100
    BorujerdIran231700231700
    KashanIran216700216700
    GorganIran207300207300
    SariIran207200207200
    SabzevarIran171900171900
    AmolIran168300168300
    BabolIran167500167500
    KhoyIran165200165200
    NeyshaburIran159900159900
    BushehrIran155600155600
    QacemshahrIran151600151600
    MalayerIran147000147000
    SirjanIran147000147000
    IlamIran142200142200
    Masjed-e SoleymanIran141400141400
    BojnurdIran135700135700
    MaraghehIran134500134500
    BukanIran133100133100
    AndimeshkIran129300129300
    BirjandIran128500128500
    KhorramshahrIran127800127800
    SaqqezIran127800127800
    ZabolIran122500122500
    Gonbad-e QabusIran122200122200
    MahabadIran119500119500
    ShahrudIran116400116400
    SavehIran116200116200
    Marv DashtIran112900112900
    RafsanjanIran107000107000
    Bandar-e MahshahrIran106900106900
    BehbahanIran106700106700
    JahromIran102700102700
    Shahr-e KordIran102600102600
    SemnanIran101100101100
    Bandar-e AnzaliIran100500100500
    MiandoabIran100000100000


    Iran: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use14,571,100 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular3,376,500 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 178,152 km
    paved: 118,115 km (including 751 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 60,037 km (2002)


    Iran: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 69.96 years
    male: 68.58 years
    female: 71.4 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate41.58 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

    Iran : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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