TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Mauritius Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 17.2% or about 35,000 ha of Mauritius is forested, according to FAO. Mauritius had 15,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Mauritius lost an average of 200 ha or 0.51% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Mauritius lost 10.3% of its forest cover, or around 4,000 ha.

Mauritius's forests contain 2 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Mauritius has some 188 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 29.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 11.2% are threatened. Mauritius is home to at least 750 species of vascular plants, of which 43.3% are endemic. 29.8% of Mauritius is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

Mauritius Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Mauritius

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Mauritius: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)203
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)35
Percent Forest Cover17
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)12
Percent other wooded land6




Mauritius: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2058
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1542


Mauritius: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
39393535
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.-1n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.03-2.050.06


Mauritius: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
24242020
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00-1.67


Mauritius: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Mauritius: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
15151515
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.07-0.410.27


Mauritius: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
3042197200


Mauritius: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
58420


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
--0


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Mauritius: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
3851262
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
n.s.28


Mauritius: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
3322
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
65
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.0
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Mauritius: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
n.s.100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
n.s.n.s.n.s.n.s.n.s.n.s.


Mauritius: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
161110100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
14127100


Mauritius: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
1n.s.25261


Mauritius: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
333
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
222
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.11


Mauritius: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2006)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2006) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1983) Sub-national forest law: No

Mauritius: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
225319742136


Mauritius: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
1214627900062790


Mauritius: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Mauritius: Environment
    Environment - current issueswater pollution, degradation of coral reefs
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardscyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards


    Mauritius: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 49.26%
    permanent crops: 2.96%
    other: 47.78% (2001)
    Natural resourcesarable land, fish


    Mauritius: Economy
    Economy - overview:Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. For most of the period, annual growth has been in the order of 5% to 6%. This remarkable achievement has been reflected in more equitable income distribution, increased life expectancy, lowered infant mortality, and a much-improved infrastructure. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 25% of export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on expanding local financial institutions and building a domestic information telecommunications industry. Mauritius has attracted more than 9,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce in India and South Africa, and investment in the banking sector alone has reached over $1 billion. Mauritius, with its strong textile sector, has been well poised to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).
    GDP - per capita$13,300 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)3.8% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productssugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses; cattle, goats; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 6.1%, industry: 29.9%, services: 64% (2005 est.)
    Industries food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing; chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery; tourism
    Economic aid - recipient$42 million (1997)
    Debt - external$2.958 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)10% (2001 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture and fishing 14%, construction and industry 36%, transportation and communication 7%, trade, restaurants, hotels 16%, finance 3%, other services 24% (1995)


    Mauritius: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)1,230,602
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.84%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)606.2
    Percent rural (2003)56.7%
    Median age (years)total: 30.5 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.96 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%


    Largest Cities in Mauritius

    Cities and urban areas in Mauritius with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    Port LouisMauritius140600564000


    Mauritius: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use348,200 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular462,400 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 2,254 km
    paved: 2,254 km (including 75 km of expressways) (2003)


    Mauritius: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 72.38 years
    male: 68.4 years
    female: 76.41 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate15.03 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2001 est.)

    Mauritius : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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