TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Namibia Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 8.9% or about 7,290,000 ha of Namibia is forested, according to FAO.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Namibia lost an average of 73,600 ha or 0.84% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Namibia lost 16.8% of its forest cover, or around 1,472,000 ha.

Namibia's forests contain 210 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Namibia has some 1066 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 4.5% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.1% are threatened. Namibia is home to at least 3174 species of vascular plants, of which 21.6% are endemic. 3.9% of Namibia is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)0.30.050.01
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)410.12
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)10.20.04
Total forest carbon (Mt C)510.17
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)161615
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Namibia

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Namibia: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)82329
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)7290
Percent Forest Cover9
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)8290
Percent other wooded land10




Namibia: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)7290100
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)n.s.n.s.


Namibia: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
8762803276617290
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-73-74-74
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.87-0.94-0.99


Namibia: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
8762803276617290
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-73-73-74
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.8-0.83-0.92


Namibia: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Namibia: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
00n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
--34.76


Namibia: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
009022069


Namibia: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
---


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Namibia: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
17524---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
435


Namibia: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
253232221210
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
29
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-2-2-2
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Namibia: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Namibia: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----


Namibia: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Namibia: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Namibia: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1996)
Sub-national forest policy: Yes
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2001) Sub-national forest law: Yes

Namibia: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
--600-500-


Namibia: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
88------


Namibia: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Namibia: Environment
    Environment - current issuesvery limited natural fresh water resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; land degradation has led to few conservation areas
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsprolonged periods of drought


    Namibia: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 0.99%
    permanent crops: 0%
    other: 99.01% (2001)
    Natural resourcesdiamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish


    Namibia: Economy
    Economy - overview:The economy is heavily dependent on the extraction and processing of minerals for export. Mining accounts for 20% of GDP. Rich alluvial diamond deposits make Namibia a primary source for gem-quality diamonds. Namibia is the fourth-largest exporter of nonfuel minerals in Africa, the world's fifth-largest producer of uranium, and the producer of large quantities of lead, zinc, tin, silver, and tungsten. The mining sector employs only about 3% of the population while about half of the population depends on subsistence agriculture for its livelihood. Namibia normally imports about 50% of its cereal requirements; in drought years food shortages are a major problem in rural areas. A high per capita GDP, relative to the region, hides the great inequality of income distribution; nearly one-third of Namibians had annual incomes of less than $1,400 in constant 1994 dollars, according to a 1993 study. The Namibian economy is closely linked to South Africa with the Namibian dollar pegged to the South African rand. Privatization of several enterprises in coming years may stimulate long-run foreign investment. Mining of zinc, copper, and silver and increased fish production led growth in 2003-05.
    GDP - per capita$7,800 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4.2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsmillet, sorghum, peanuts; livestock; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 9.3%, industry: 27.8%, services: 62.9% (2005 est.)
    Industries meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining (diamond, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper)
    Economic aid - recipientODA $160 million (2000 est.)
    Debt - external$1.164 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)50% (2002 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 47%, industry 20%, services 33% (1999 est.)


    Namibia: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)2,030,692
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.73%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)2.5
    Percent rural (2003)67.6%
    Median age (years)total: 19.79 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)3.18 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%


    Largest Cities in Namibia

    Cities and urban areas in Namibia with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    WindhoekNamibia194300194300


    Namibia: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use127,400 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular223,700 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 42,237 km
    paved: 5,406 km
    unpaved: 36,831 km (2002)


    Namibia: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 43.93 years
    male: 44.71 years
    female: 43.13 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate48.98 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)21.3% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2004)

    Namibia : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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