TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Solomon Islands Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 79.1% or about 2,213,000 ha of Solomon Islands is forested, according to FAO. Of this 49.9% ( 1,105,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Solomon Islands had 27,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Solomon Islands lost an average of 5,550 ha or 0.24% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Solomon Islands lost 4.8% of its forest cover, or around 111,000 ha.

Solomon Islands's forests contain 182 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Solomon Islands has some 402 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 20.9% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 11.7% are threatened. Solomon Islands is home to at least 3172 species of vascular plants, of which 0.9% are endemic. 0.0% of Solomon Islands is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Solomon Islands

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Solomon Islands: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)2799
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)2213
Percent Forest Cover79
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)1105
Primary Forest, % total forest50
Other wooded land (1000 ha)129
Percent other wooded land5




Solomon Islands: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)110550
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)108149
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)271


Solomon Islands: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2324226822412213
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-6-5-6
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.24-0.24-0.25


Solomon Islands: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2280224022142186
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-4-4-5
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.200


Solomon Islands: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1105110511051105
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Solomon Islands: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
44282727
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-2n.s.0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-4.64-0.510


Solomon Islands: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
172822n.s.0033


Solomon Islands: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
n.s.1000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Solomon Islands: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
20894--51
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Solomon Islands: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
191186184182
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
82
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Solomon Islands: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Solomon Islands: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
3717611151-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
158159159-


Solomon Islands: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Solomon Islands: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Solomon Islands: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2008)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (-) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (-) Sub-national forest law: Yes

Solomon Islands: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
--591811625


Solomon Islands: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Solomon Islands: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Solomon Islands: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardstyphoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity


    Solomon Islands: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 0.64%
    permanent crops: 2%
    other: 97.36% (2001)
    Natural resourcesfish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel


    Solomon Islands: Economy
    Economy - overview:The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of their livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. Prior to the arrival of the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI), severe ethnic violence, the closing of key businesses, and an empty government treasury culminated in economic collapse. RAMSI has enabled a return to law and order, a new period of economic stability, and modest growth as the economy rebuilds.
    GDP - per capita$1,700 (2002 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)5.8% (2003 est.)
    Agriculture - productscocoa beans, coconuts, palm kernels, rice, potatoes, vegetables, fruit; cattle, pigs; timber; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 42%, industry: 11%, services: 47% (2000 est.)
    Industries fish (tuna), mining, timber
    Economic aid - recipient$28 million annually, mainly from Australia (2003 est.)
    Debt - external$180.4 million (2002)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 75%, industry 5%, services 20% (2000 est.)


    Solomon Islands: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)538,032
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.68%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)19.5
    Percent rural (2003)83.5%
    Median age (years)total: 18.63 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)4.04 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Melanesian 94.5%, Polynesian 3%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 1.1%, unspecified 0.2% (1999 census)


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]--> Solomon Islands: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use6,600 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1,000 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 1,360 km
    paved: 34 km
    unpaved: 1,326 km (1999 est.)


    Solomon Islands: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 72.66 years
    male: 70.16 years
    female: 75.28 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate21.29 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA

    Solomon Islands : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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