TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Tunisia Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 6.5% or about 1,006,000 ha of Tunisia is forested, according to FAO. Tunisia had 690,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Tunisia lost an average of 18,150 ha or 2.82% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Tunisia gained 56.5% of its forest cover, or around 363,000 ha.

Tunisia's forests contain 9 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Tunisia has some 516 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.6% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.3% are threatened. Tunisia is home to at least 2196 species of vascular plants. 0.2% of Tunisia is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Tunisia

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Tunisia: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)15536
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)1006
Percent Forest Cover6
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)300
Percent other wooded land2




Tunisia: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)31631
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)69069


Tunisia: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
6438379241006
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
191716
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2.672.01.72


Tunisia: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
350318318316
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-3-30
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.9-0.91-0.06


Tunisia: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Tunisia: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
293519606690
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
231717
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
5.883.152.63


Tunisia: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
2441403200


Tunisia: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
9460


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
100--


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Tunisia: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
262612142
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
14


Tunisia: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
6889
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
9
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Tunisia: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
n.s.100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
1000n.s.101


Tunisia: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
93111242100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
11612557100


Tunisia: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
5n.s.611n.s.


Tunisia: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
324238
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Tunisia: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1988)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1988) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1966) Sub-national forest law: No

Tunisia: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
509145614151


Tunisia: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
1126026976053950323710


Tunisia: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Tunisia: Environment
    Environment - current issuestoxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and poses health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
    Natural hazardsNA


    Tunisia: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 17.86%
    permanent crops: 13.74%
    other: 68.4% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt


    Tunisia: Economy
    Economy - overview:Tunisia has a diverse economy, with important agricultural, mining, energy, tourism, and manufacturing sectors. Governmental control of economic affairs while still heavy has gradually lessened over the past decade with increasing privatization, simplification of the tax structure, and a prudent approach to debt. Progressive social policies also have helped raise living conditions in Tunisia relative to the region. Real growth slowed to a 15-year low of 1.9% in 2002 because of agricultural drought and lackluster tourism. Better rains in 2003 through 2005, however, helped push GDP growth above 5% for these years. Tourism also recovered after the end of combat operations in Iraq. Tunisia is gradually removing barriers to trade with the European Union. Broader privatization, further liberalization of the investment code to increase foreign investment, improvements in government efficiency, and reduction of the trade deficit are among the challenges ahead.
    GDP - per capita$7,600 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4.9% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsolives, olive oil, grain, dairy products, tomatoes, citrus fruit, beef, sugar beets, dates, almonds
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 13.8%, industry: 30.7%, services: 55.6% (2005 est.)
    Industries petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages
    Economic aid - recipient$114.6 million (2002)
    Debt - external$18.91 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)7.6% (2001 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)services 55%, industry 23%, agriculture 22% (1995 est.)


    Tunisia: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)10,074,951
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.99%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)64.8
    Percent rural (2003)36.3%
    Median age (years)total: 27.29 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.75 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%


    Largest Cities in Tunisia

    Cities and urban areas in Tunisia with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    TunisTunisia6967001642900
    SfaxTunisia266300266300
    SusahTunisia152500152500
    KairouanTunisia116200116200
    BizerteTunisia111900111900
    GabesTunisia109000109000


    Tunisia: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use1,163,800 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1,899,900 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 18,997 km
    paved: 12,424 km (including 142 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 6,573 km (2001)


    Tunisia: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 74.89 years
    male: 73.2 years
    female: 76.71 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate24.77 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2005 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, and hepatitis A
    vectorborne diseases: may be a significant risk in some locations during the transmission season (typically April through November) (2004)

    Tunisia : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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