TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Vanuatu Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 36.1% or about 440,000 ha of Vanuatu is forested, according to FAO. Vanuatu's forests contain - million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Vanuatu has some 108 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 21.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 13.0% are threatened. Vanuatu is home to at least 870 species of vascular plants, of which 17.2% are endemic. 0.0% of Vanuatu is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Vanuatu

Previous version of this profile (2009)

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Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Vanuatu: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)1220
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)440
Percent Forest Cover36
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Other wooded land (1000 ha)476
Percent other wooded land39




Vanuatu: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--


Vanuatu: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
440440440440
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Vanuatu: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
440440440440
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00.000.00


Vanuatu: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
----
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Vanuatu: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
----
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Vanuatu: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
-------


Vanuatu: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
---


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Vanuatu: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
-----
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Vanuatu: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
----
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
-
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
---


Vanuatu: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Vanuatu: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
453932-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
2889105-


Vanuatu: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Vanuatu: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Vanuatu: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1997)
Sub-national forest policy: Yes
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1996) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1985) Sub-national forest law: Yes

Vanuatu: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
34921191926


Vanuatu: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
45460-247-707-


Vanuatu: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Vanuatu: Environment
    Environment - current issuesa majority of the population does not have access to a reliable supply of potable water; deforestation
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardstropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April); volcanic eruption on Aoba (Ambae) island began 27 November 2005, volcanism also causes minor earthquakes; tsunamis


    Vanuatu: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 2.46%
    permanent crops: 7.38%
    other: 90.16% (2001)
    Natural resourcesmanganese, hardwood forests, fish


    Vanuatu: Economy
    Economy - overview:This South Pacific island economy is based primarily on small-scale agriculture, which provides a living for 65% of the population. Fishing, offshore financial services, and tourism, with about 50,000 visitors in 2004, are other mainstays of the economy. Mineral deposits are negligible; the country has no known petroleum deposits. A small light industry sector caters to the local market. Tax revenues come mainly from import duties. Economic development is hindered by dependence on relatively few commodity exports, vulnerability to natural disasters, and long distances from main markets and between constituent islands. GDP growth rose less than 3% on average in the 1990s. In response to foreign concerns, the government has promised to tighten regulation of its offshore financial center. In mid-2002 the government stepped up efforts to boost tourism. Agriculture, especially livestock farming, is a second target for growth. Australia and New Zealand are the main suppliers of tourists and foreign aid.
    GDP - per capita$2,900 (2003 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)1.1% (2003 est.)
    Agriculture - productscopra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, coconuts, fruits, vegetables; fish, beef
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 26%, industry: 12%, services: 62% (2000 est.)
    Industries food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning
    Economic aid - recipient$27.5 million (2002)
    Debt - external$83.7 million (2002)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 65%, industry 5%, services 30% (2000 est.)


    Vanuatu: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)205,754
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.52%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)16.9
    Percent rural (2003)77.2%
    Median age (years)total: 22.64 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.77 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Ni-Vanuatu 98.5%, other 1.5% (1999 Census)


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]--> Vanuatu: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use6,500 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular7,800 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 1,070 km
    paved: 256 km
    unpaved: 814 km (1999 est.)


    Vanuatu: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 62.49 years
    male: 61 years
    female: 64.05 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate55.16 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA

    Vanuatu : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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