TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Yemen Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 1.0% or about 549,000 ha of Yemen is forested, according to FAO. Yemen's forests contain 5 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Yemen has some 566 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 7.2% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.1% are threatened. Yemen is home to at least 1650 species of vascular plants, of which 8.2% are endemic. 0.0% of Yemen is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Yemen

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Yemen: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)52797
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)549
Percent Forest Cover1
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)1406
Percent other wooded land3




Yemen: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)549100
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00


Yemen: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
549549549549
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Yemen: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
549549549549
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00.000.00


Yemen: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Yemen: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Yemen: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
000010000


Yemen: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
5950


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
84160


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Yemen: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
59--0
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
128


Yemen: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
5555
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
9
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
000


Yemen: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Yemen: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
205347422-


Yemen: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-26---


Yemen: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Yemen: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): No national forest law (-) Sub-national forest law: No

Yemen: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
192101921019210


Yemen: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-37-0037-


Yemen: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Yemen: Environment
    Environment - current issuesvery limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardssandstorms and dust storms in summer


    Yemen: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 2.78%
    permanent crops: 0.24%
    other: 96.98% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, fish, rock salt, marble, small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper, fertile soil in west


    Yemen: Economy
    Economy - overview:Yemen, one of the poorest countries in the Arab world, has reported meager growth since 2000. Its economic fortunes depend mostly on oil. In 2005 oil revenues increased due to higher prices. Yemen was on an IMF-supported structural adjustment program designed to modernize and streamline the economy, which led to substantial foreign debt relief and restructuring. However government dedication to the program waned in 2001 for political reasons. Yemen is struggling to control excessive spending and rampant corruption. The population has grown increasingly upset over the economic situation. In July 2005 a reduction in fuel subsidies sparked riots in which over 20 Yemenis were killed and hundreds were injured.
    GDP - per capita$800 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsgrain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat (mildly narcotic shrub), coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 13.3%, industry: 47.9%, services: 38.8% (2005 est.)
    Industries crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair
    Economic aid - recipient$2.3 billion (2003-07 disbursements) (2003-07 disbursements)
    Debt - external$5.689 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)45.2% (2003)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)most people are employed in agriculture and herding; services, construction, industry, and commerce account for less than one-fourth of the labor force


    Yemen: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)20,727,063
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)3.45%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)39.3
    Percent rural (2003)74.4%
    Median age (years)total: 16.54 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)6.67 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans


    Largest Cities in Yemen

    Cities and urban areas in Yemen with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    City Data for All Countries
    Country Population Projections 2010, 2015, 2020 [645 KB]

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    Sana'aYemen16533001653300
    AdenYemen510400510400
    TaizzYemen406900406900
    HudaydahYemen382400382400
    MukallaYemen156800156800
    IbbYemen132400132400
    DhamarYemen106300106300


    Yemen: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use542,200 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular411,100 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 67,000 km
    paved: 7,705 km
    unpaved: 59,295 km (1999 est.)


    Yemen: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 61.75 years
    male: 59.89 years
    female: 63.71 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate61.5 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2001 est.)

    Yemen : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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