TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Zimbabwe Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 40.4% or about 15,624,000 ha of Zimbabwe is forested, according to FAO. Of this 5.1% ( 801,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Zimbabwe had 108,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Zimbabwe lost an average of 327,000 ha or 1.48% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Zimbabwe lost 29.5% of its forest cover, or around 6,540,000 ha.

Zimbabwe's forests contain 492 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Zimbabwe has some 1103 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.9% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.2% are threatened. Zimbabwe is home to at least 4440 species of vascular plants, of which 2.1% are endemic. 7.9% of Zimbabwe is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)1362
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)27512851
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)894116
Total forest carbon (Mt C)36417067
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)283033
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Zimbabwe Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Zimbabwe

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










 Home
 What's New
 About
 Rainforests
   Mission
   Introduction
   Characteristics
   Biodiversity
   The Canopy
   Forest Floor
   Forest Waters
   Indigenous People
   Deforestation
   Consequences
   Saving Rainforests
   Amazon
   Borneo
   Congo
   New Guinea
   Sulawesi
   REDD
   Country Profiles
   Statistics
   Works Cited
   For Kids
   For Teachers
   Photos/Images
   Expert Interviews
   Rainforest News
  Forest data
   Global deforestation
   Tropical deforestation
   By country
   Deforestation charts
   Regional forest data
   Deforestation drivers
 XML Feeds
 Pictures
 Books
 Education
 Newsletter
 Contact






Zimbabwe: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)38685
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)15624
Percent Forest Cover40
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)801
Primary Forest, % total forest5
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Zimbabwe: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)8015
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1471594
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1081


Zimbabwe: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
22164188941725915624
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-327-327-327
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.58-1.79-1.97


Zimbabwe: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
22010187741715115516
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-324-324-326
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.5-1-2


Zimbabwe: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
801801801801
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Zimbabwe: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
154120108108
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-3-20
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-2.46-2.090


Zimbabwe: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
103508200


Zimbabwe: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
63370


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
52042518
Zimbabwe: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
5963875892
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Zimbabwe: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
697594543492
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
31
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-10-10-10
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Zimbabwe: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
20-


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Zimbabwe: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
77112051001100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
719992789473100


Zimbabwe: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Zimbabwe: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
161716
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
141513
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
233


Zimbabwe: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (-) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1949) Sub-national forest law: No

Zimbabwe: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
369-557-550-


Zimbabwe: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Zimbabwe: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Zimbabwe: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution; the black rhinoceros herd - once the largest concentration of the species in the world - has been significantly reduced by poaching; poor mining practices have led to toxic waste and heavy metal pollution
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsrecurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare


    Zimbabwe: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 8.32%
    permanent crops: 0.34%
    other: 91.34% (2001)
    Natural resourcescoal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals


    Zimbabwe: Economy
    Economy - overview:The government of Zimbabwe faces a wide variety of difficult economic problems as it struggles with an unsustainable fiscal deficit, an overvalued exchange rate, soaring inflation, and bare shelves. Its 1998-2002 involvement in the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, for example, drained hundreds of millions of dollars from the economy. Badly needed support from the IMF has been suspended because of the country's failure to meet budgetary goals. Inflation rose from an annual rate of 32% in 1998 to 133% at the end of 2004 and 246.7% in 2005, while the exchange rate fell from 24 Zimbabwean dollars per US dollar to 15,200 in the same time period. The government's land reform program, characterized by chaos and violence, has badly damaged the commercial farming sector, the traditional source of exports and foreign exchange and the provider of 400,000 jobs.
    GDP - per capita$1,900 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)-4% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscorn, cotton, tobacco, wheat, coffee, sugarcane, peanuts; sheep, goats, pigs
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 17.9%, industry: 24.3%, services: 57.9% (2005 est.)
    Industries mining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, clay, numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel, wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages
    Economic aid - recipient$178 million; note - the EU and the US provide food aid on humanitarian grounds (2000 est.)
    Debt - external$5.17 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)80% (2004 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 66%, industry 10%, services 24% (1996)


    Zimbabwe: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)12,746,990
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.51%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)33.0
    Percent rural (2003)65.1%
    Median age (years)total: 19.26 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)3.54 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)African 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%


    Largest Cities in Zimbabwe

    Cities and urban areas in Zimbabwe with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    City Data for All Countries
    Country Population Projections 2010, 2015, 2020 [645 KB]

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    HarareZimbabwe18644002264200
    BulawayoZimbabwe927600927600
    MutareZimbabwe183000183000
    GweruZimbabwe152300152300
    KadomaZimbabwe101800101800


    Zimbabwe: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use300,900 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular379,100 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 18,338 km
    paved: 8,692 km
    unpaved: 9,646 km (1999 est.)


    Zimbabwe: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 39.13 years
    male: 40.2 years
    female: 38.03 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate67.69 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)24.6% (2001 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid
    vectorborne disease: malaria
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2004)

    Zimbabwe : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



    Tropical rainforest information

     World Rainforests
     Rainforest Structure
     Rainforest Biodiversity
     Canopy
     Forest Floor
     Rainforest Waters
     Indigenous People
     Deforestation
     Global Importance


     Rainforest Conservation
     Country Reports update soon
     References
     Deforestation Tables
     The Amazon Rainforest update soon
     The Congo Rainforest update soon
     Deforestation in Brazil
     Rainforest Images




    Google
      Web
    mongabay.com
    Mongabay Rainforests
    Mongabay News
    Mongabay Photos

  • what's new | rainforests home | help support the site | madagascar | search | about | contact

    Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2006

    "Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site.
    Same for "rainforests" and "rain forests". "Jungle" is generally not used.