Quantcast
Mongabay.com is considered a leading source of information on tropical forests by some of the world's top ecologists and conservationists. TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Imperiled Riches - Threatened Rainforests

Average annual loss of primary forest, 1990-2005



Statistics from 17 tropical countries for which the United Nations has somewhat reliable figures for primary forest cover. Total deforestation statistics typically fail to distinguish between general deforestation, reforestation through plantations, and the loss of biologically important primary forests (also called old-growth forests). Looking at primary forest loss figures for these countries reveals an alarming increase in deforestation of these endangered ecosystems.




Since the close of the 1990s, rates of primary forest loss have increased in the tropics. Between 2000 and 2005, deforestation rates of primary forest rose 25.6% (from 0.67% per year to 0.84% annually) for these 17 countries in the table below.

Primary forest cover. Sorted by average annual loss of primary forest, 1990-2005. You can sort by other criteria by clicking on column header links.

RegionTotal landTotal forest coverPrimary forest cover
AreaArea, 2005Area, 2005Annual change
1990-2005
Total change
1990-2005
Annual Change
1990-2000
Annual Change
2000-2005
Area, 2005Area, 2005Annual change
1990-2005
Total change
1990-2005
Annual Change
1990-2000
Annual Change
2000-2005
Rate of Change
1990-2000
vs
2000-2005
Country(1000 ha)(1000 ha)%ha%%%(1000 ha)%ha%%%%
Brazil 851,488 477,698 57.2 -2821933 -8.1 -0.52 -0.63 415,890 48.8 -2974867 -9.7 -0.59 -0.80 34.99
Indonesia 190,457 88,495 48.8 -1871467 -24.1 -1.61 -1.91 48,702 25.6 -1447800 -30.8 -2.06 -2.59 25.88
Papua New Guinea 46,284 29,437 65 -139067 -6.6 -0.44 -0.46 25,211 54.5 -266600 -13.7 -0.94 -0.95 0.50
Bolivia 109,858 58,740 54.2 -270333 -6.5 -0.43 -0.45 29,360 26.7 -135200 -6.5 -0.43 -0.45 4.50
Peru 128,522 68,742 53.7 -94267 -2.0 -0.13 -0.14 61,065 47.5 -123000 -2.9 -0.11 -0.36 214.69
Nigeria 92,377 11,089 12.2 -409667 -35.7 -2.38 -3.12 326 0.4 -82000 -79.0 -5.27 -11.14 111.41
Colombia 113,891 60,728 58.5 -47400 -1.2 -0.08 -0.08 53,062 46.6 -52800 -1.5 -0.09 -0.11 11.03
Panama 7,552 4,294 57.7 -5467 -1.9 -0.16 -0.06 3,023 40.0 -45533 -18.4 -1.26 -1.33 5.84
Cambodia 18,104 10,447 59.2 -166600 -19.3 -1.09 -1.90 322 1.8 -29600 -58.0 -4.05 -5.88 45.22
Guatemala 10,889 3,938 36.3 -54000 -17.1 -1.14 -1.28 1,957 18.0 -26800 -17.0 -1.14 -1.28 12.82
Viet Nam 33,169 12,931 39.7 237867 38.1 2.52 2.06 85 0.3 -19933 -77.9 -5.13 -10.91 112.64
French Guiana 9,000 8,063 91.8 -1867 -0.3 -0.03 0.00 7,701 85.6 -13867 -2.6 -0.19 -0.15 -17.37
Senegal 19,672 8,673 45 -45000 -7.2 -0.48 -0.51 1,598 8.1 -10733 -9.2 -0.60 -0.67 10.43
Madagascar 58,704 12,838 22.1 -56933 -6.2 -0.49 -0.28 10,347 17.6 -10400 -1.5 -0.12 -0.07 -43.61
Sri Lanka 6,561 1,933 29.9 -27800 -17.7 -1.14 -1.43 167 2.5 -6000 -35.0 -2.33 -3.05 30.46
Congo 34,200 22,471 65.8 -17000 -1.1 -0.07 -0.08 7,464 21.8 -5600 -1.1 -0.07 -0.07 0.75
Brunei 577 278 52.8 -2333 -11.2 -0.80 -0.69 278 48.2 -2333 -11.2 -0.80 -0.69 -13.06
Total 1,731,305 880,795 43.5 -5793267 -8.3 -0.57 -0.62 666558 38.5 -5253067 -10.6 -0.67 -0.84 25.6

These figures are derived from data provided in "Forest Resources Assessment 2005" by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

A negative number for "Annual change" and/or "total change" reflects deforestation. A positive number in these columns suggests that forest is regrowing or, more likely, plantations are being established. "n/a" means data is not available.

More detailed figures for specific countries can be found at Country by Country Deforestation Rates




Other pages in this section:

A World Imperilled
Threats from Humankind
Economic Restructuring
Logging
Fires
Commercial Agriculture
Hydro, Pollution, Hunting
Debt
Consumption, Conclusion
- - - - -
References
References
References
References
References
Natural forces
Subsistence Activities
Oil Extraction
Mining
War
Cattle Pasture
Fuelwood, Roads, Climate
Population & Poverty

- - - - -
Kids version of this section
- Why are rainforests disappearing?
- Logging
- Agriculture
- Cattle
- Roads
- Poverty


Selection of information sources








For kids

Tour: the Amazon

Rainforest news

Tour: Indonesia's rainforests

 Home
 What's New
 About
 Rainforests
   Mission
   Introduction
   Characteristics
   Biodiversity
   The Canopy
   Forest Floor
   Forest Waters
   Indigenous People
   Deforestation
   Consequences
   Saving Rainforests
   Amazon
   Borneo
   Congo
   New Guinea
   Sulawesi
   REDD
   Country Profiles
   Statistics
   Works Cited
   For Kids
   For Teachers
   Photos/Images
   Expert Interviews
   Rainforest News
  Forest data
   Forest loss tracker
   Global deforestation
   Tropical deforestation
   By country
   Deforestation charts
   Regional forest data
   Deforestation drivers
 XML Feeds
 Pictures
 Books
 Education
 Newsletter
 Contact

Nature Blog Network



 CONTENTS
Rainforests
Tropical Fish
News
Madagascar
Pictures
Kids' Site
Languages
TCS Journal
About
Archives
Topics | RSS
Newsletter




 Other languages
Arabic
Bengali
Chinese (CN) (expanded)
Chinese (TW)
Croatian
Danish
Dutch
Farsi
French (expanded)
German (expanded)
Greek
Hindi
Hungarian
Indonesian
Italian
Japanese (expanded)
Javanese
Korean
Malagasy
Malay
Marathi
Norwegian
Polish
Portuguese (expanded)
Russian
Slovak
Spanish (expanded)
Swahili
Swedish
Ukrainian



 WEEKLY NEWSLETTER
 Email:


 INTERACT
Facebook
Twitter
Contact
Help
Photo store
Mongabay gear




what's new | rainforests home | for kids | help | madagascar | search | about | languages | contact

Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2015

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region.
Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.

"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.