Deforestation statistics for Nigeria



Nigeria: Demographic data

Population (2022)206,139,589
Annual population growth rate (2022)2.60%
Population density (people/sq km)226
Net migration-60,000
Fertility rate5.4
Median age18
Urban population share52%


Nigeria: Land cover and land use change data
Land area (sq km): 910,770
Tree cover (30%)
Tree cover extent in 2000 (ha): 10,048,736
Tree cover extent as % of land area: 11.00%

Tree cover loss from 2001-20 (ha): 1,044,335
Tree cover extent as % of 2000 tree cover: 10.40%
Tropical primary forest
Primary forest extent in 2001 (ha): 1,903,125
Primary forest extent as % of land area: 2.10%
Primary forest extent as % of 2000 tree cover: 18.90%

Primary forest loss from 2002-20 (ha): 140,630
Primary forest loss from 2002-20 as % of 2001 primary forest cover: 7.40%

Primary forest extent in 2020 (ha): 1,762,495
Primary forest extent in 2020 as % of land area: 1.90%
Primary forest extent in 2020 as % of 2000 tree cover area: 18%


Nigeria: Annual forest and tree cover data



Nigeria: Tropical primary forest loss by year All figures in hectares
Year: Hectares
2002: 6,132
2003: 1,830
2004: 3,055
2005: 1,922
2006: 3,458
2007: 2,753
2008: 4,090
2009: 3,924
2010: 6,781
2011: 7,403
2012: 6,062
2013: 6,385
2014: 9,928
2015: 5,318
2016: 12,336
2017: 17,389
2018: 15,183
2019: 12,095
2020: 14,587


Nigeria: Tree cover loss by year 30% tree cover threshold; all figures in hectares
Year: Hectares
2001: 43,387
2002: 32,347
2003: 13,381
2004: 14,644
2005: 13,280
2006: 26,168
2007: 24,573
2008: 27,471
2009: 25,290
2010: 32,782
2011: 53,892
2012: 34,971
2013: 43,435
2014: 68,637
2015: 40,928
2016: 72,189
2017: 171,046
2018: 119,823
2019: 86,895
2020: 99,200




Tree cover loss by year at the subnational level (administrative level 1)

Sub-national admin area 1Tree cover extent
(2001)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-05)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2006-10)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2011-15)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2016-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
%
Abia113,2004,1921,2274,1186,29915,83714.0%
Delta986,6868,5999,11714,47529,47961,6706.3%
Ebonyi15,014390807207571,94713.0%
Edo1,043,49030,91335,86972,672128,749268,20425.7%
Ekiti403,4231,9832,5976,04835,85646,48311.5%
Enugu62,6872553166837021,9573.1%
Federal Capital Territory15,9146734906461,1902,99818.8%
Gombe20100291.7%
Imo100,8005,0213,3422,9143,01414,29114.2%
Jigawa30100126.2%
Kaduna5,461959258883326.1%
Adamawa97,1654482812511731,1521.2%
Kano3000008.6%
Katsina10820010100.0%
Kebbi166102563016196.5%
Kogi256,7926,5705,5265,74033,85051,68620.1%
Kwara104,6192,5603,7334,23719,09229,62228.3%
Lagos69,4356631,5892,6896,81811,76016.9%
Nassarawa11,8195191,2177725693,07826.0%
Niger15,1433,2452,2364,57735610,41568.8%
Ogun481,7527,85014,60315,73343,77781,96317.0%
Ondo1,032,16911,71613,83323,20357,816106,56810.3%
Akwa Ibom120,8572,7871,3521,5572,6418,3376.9%
Osun695,5681,7324,0068,51133,02347,2716.8%
Oyo295,1713,3066,1408,72622,78140,95313.9%
Plateau8,2381826481072002.4%
Rivers394,7491,9162,1136,12211,30621,4585.4%
Sokoto431004100.0%
Taraba1,535,8759,36913,66825,54642,56691,1495.9%
Yobe26516402595.1%
Zamfara32232302887.9%
Anambra33,6151802612965881,3263.9%
Bauchi895130040.5%
Bayelsa823,0621,7623,0365,1408,63018,5692.3%
Benue55,3662301943882,4483,2605.9%
Borno42138802866.1%
Cross River1,269,4779,8889,25225,97256,475101,5868.0%




Tree cover loss by year at the subnational level (administrative level 2)

Sub-national admin area 1Admin area 2Tree cover extent
(2000)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-05)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2006-10)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2011-15)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2016-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
ha
Tree cover loss
(2001-20)
%
AbiaOsisioma Ngwa1000000.0%
AbiaUkwa East1,734000010.0%
AbiaUkwa West475000010.1%
AbiaUmu-Nneochi0000000.0%
AbiaArochukw2062014153114.9%
AbiaIsiala Ngwa South101000000.4%
AbiaOboma Ngwa7000002.2%
DeltaAniochaN5211272251326651.0%
DeltaIsokoSou3,618962461012186.0%
DeltaNdokwa East7,7581129582743734.8%
DeltaNdokwa West1,7591617169593.3%
DeltaOkpe4,722163244381302.8%
DeltaOshimili North1,1131178161.5%
DeltaOshimili South1,29127914322.5%
DeltaPatani2,10661011831105.2%
DeltaSapele10,67972823821391.3%
DeltaUdu66406126243.6%
DeltaUghelli North1,17615202113695.8%
DeltaAniochaS1,3697732951038528.1%
DeltaUghelli South7,5681619451702503.3%
DeltaUkwuani1,5875439211.3%
DeltaUvwie54214913285.1%
DeltaWarri North62,60211171131442850.5%
DeltaWarri South5,68872739311041.8%
DeltaWarri South-West43,36770971152054871.1%
DeltaBomadi4,2772336491712806.5%
DeltaBurutu62,8541441932615581,1561.8%
DeltaEthiope West5,2181321119551.0%
DeltaEthiopeE280011020.8%
DeltaIkaSouth163112142.7%
DeltaIsokoNor636010340.7%
EbonyiIshielu3000000.0%
EdoIgueben1,093021019720919.1%
EdoIkpoba-Okha10,261521662685341,0209.9%
EdoOredo Edo2,544527128758599539.1%
EdoOrhionmw6,2021132142387664210.3%
EdoOviaNort56,2971,4292,1032,3003,0828,91315.8%
EdoOviaSouth-West53,8148981,0932,0158184,8249.0%
EdoOwan East3,0973252122577541,54950.0%
EdoOwanWest11,2746471,4331,4162,9546,45057.2%
EdoUhunmwonde15,5644211,9162,8794,83510,05164.6%
EdoEsanCent0000000.0%
EdoEsanSout8116161333688.3%
EdoEsanWest848566023130235.7%
EdoEtsakoWe69014250796333348.3%
EkitiIse/Orun2,18241086715533315.3%
EnuguOji-River10000000.0%
EnuguUzo-Uwani11000000.0%
EnuguEzeagu12000001.2%
ImoNgor-Okp161000010.5%
ImoOguta465110130.6%
ImoOhaji/Eg2,21943324331.5%
AdamawaTeungo4,507210150.1%
LagosIkorodu12000014.4%
LagosKosofe9000000.0%
LagosLagosIsland14000000.5%
LagosOjo268011241.5%
LagosAlimosho50121047.1%
LagosAmuwo Odofin268001341.5%
LagosApapa15000002.6%
LagosBadagary356001341.1%
LagosEpe1,5894410931127.0%
LagosEti-Osa40100122.9%
LagosIbeju/Lekki508520679618837.0%
OgunIjebuNorth1,4451091418222415.5%
OgunIjebuOde280102312.4%
OgunIpokia79000000.3%
OgunObafemi-Owode40101136.7%
OgunOdogbolu180014526.0%
OgunOgunWaterside11,8463430582583803.2%
OgunShagamu6101731117.9%
OgunAdoOdo/Ota5811451111.9%
OgunEwekoro10000075.0%
OgunIfo380106719.5%
OgunIjebuEast46,1161,1698161,1972,1845,36611.6%
OndoIlajeEseodo10,28870110782244824.7%
OndoIleOluji/Okeigbo100000998.9%
OndoIrele90623244525.7%
OndoOdigbo21,4485878137779673,14414.7%
OndoOkitipupa2,57612811701023.9%
OndoOndo East15000014.6%
OndoOndo West8,4782953211672201,00211.8%
OndoOse14,4448421,2931,7143,2487,09849.1%
OndoOwo5,165893586252,3733,44466.7%
OndoAkure North1374181233726.8%
OndoEse-Odo19,1848621941290.7%
OndoIdanre63,8918922,0444,19211,54218,66929.2%
OndoIfedore45018125488218.3%
Akwa IbomIkot-Aba640000000.0%
Akwa IbomIni18000000.0%
Akwa IbomItu190010212.6%
Akwa IbomMbo575001240.7%
Akwa IbomMkpat Enin30000113.8%
Akwa IbomEastern Obolo34200120216.1%
Akwa IbomNsit Ubium0000000.0%
Akwa IbomOkobo3000000.0%
Akwa IbomOnna28000000.0%
Akwa IbomOron0000000.0%
Akwa IbomOruk-Ana300000000.0%
Akwa IbomUdung Uko12000000.6%
Akwa IbomUkanafun101000000.0%
Akwa IbomUruan395011120.6%
Akwa IbomEket503000110.2%
Akwa IbomUrueOffo1000000.0%
Akwa IbomUyo1000000.0%
Akwa IbomEsit Eket275000000.2%
Akwa IbomEtinan2000000.0%
Akwa IbomIbeno3,558013490.2%
OsunIfe North27,2231592834231,1141,9787.3%
OsunIfe South5,028621043337857711.5%
OsunIsokan4202267210420348.3%
OsunAyedaade16,619903679621,1112,53115.2%
OyoOluyole1,952152896391121,05554.1%
OyoOna-Ara66013010117430546.2%
RiversAbua/Odu17,22123181012624032.3%
RiversEmuoha306221051.7%
RiversEtche73010233.9%
RiversIkwerre58000000.0%
RiversKhana0000000.0%
RiversObio/Akp1000000.0%
RiversOgba/Egbe5,8113142281002023.5%
RiversOgu/Bolo0000000.0%
RiversOkrika107000000.2%
RiversOmumma73000000.1%
RiversAhoada East279111131.1%
RiversOpobo/Nkoro3721353113.1%
RiversOyigbo242000000.1%
RiversPort Harcourt39000000.0%
RiversAhoada West5,292151033631222.3%
RiversAkukutor3,637011570.2%
RiversAndoni/O361000110.4%
RiversAsari-To68012035.1%
RiversBonny519000000.1%
RiversDegema3,3231916170.5%
TarabaSardauna20,6794673637186292,17810.5%
TarabaUssa517030040.8%
TarabaBali7,4932049421252363.1%
TarabaDonga6,3215272752044026.4%
TarabaGashaka107,272872115491,0941,9411.8%
TarabaKurmi94,6141,0741,0341,3437,01910,46911.1%
AnambraIdemili South85000111.1%
AnambraOgbaru687010781.1%
AnambraOnitsha North15000001.6%
AnambraOnitsha South0000000.0%
AnambraOrumbaNo132000010.5%
AnambraAnambra East0000000.0%
AnambraAwkaNort203000000.2%
AnambraAwkaSout2000004.8%
AnambraAyamelum31000120.0%
AnambraEkwusigo142020132.2%
BayelsaBrass24,217219763572371.0%
BayelsaEkeremor70,5301161361743087341.0%
BayelsaKolokuma/Opokuma11,24345983453007887.0%
BayelsaNembe6,4805461311021.6%
BayelsaOgbia35,19550743965421,0623.0%
BayelsaSagbama28,981842001927851,2624.4%
BayelsaSouthern Ijaw80,25981962065058881.1%
BayelsaYenegoa13,39026971653476354.7%
BenueKwande2000000.0%
Cross RiverEtung52,6632902082931,7762,5664.9%
Cross RiverIkom38,2701532982549941,6984.4%
Cross RiverObanliku15,747916321011581.0%
Cross RiverObubra10,413114961248101,14411.0%
Cross RiverObudu5,5841012881402504.5%
Cross RiverOdukpani3,52015537481.4%
Cross RiverOgoja5071339153.0%
Cross RiverYakurr3,96710615015752193423.5%
Cross RiverAkamkpa343,1318471,5224,9229,10016,3914.8%
Cross RiverAkpabuyo3,9211101110330.8%
Cross RiverBakassi273010010.5%
Cross RiverBekwarra78000000.2%
Cross RiverBiase5,94574943211,0401,53025.7%
Cross RiverBoki197,3532727801,8263,7246,6013.3%
Cross RiverCalabar239002031.2%
Cross RiverCalabar South27000000.3%




Primary forest loss by year at the subnational level (administrative level 2)

Sub-national admin area 1Primary forest extent
(2000)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-05)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2006-10)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2011-15)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2016-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
%
Abia2,523201416321.3%
Delta231,5593847331,4161,9654,4971.9%
Ebonyi3000000.0%
Edo162,4954,0907,2819,82314,16335,35721.8%
Ekiti2,18241086715533315.3%
Enugu33000000.5%
Imo2,84563325371.3%
Adamawa4,507210150.1%
Lagos3,09210288119831710.3%
Ogun60,2161,2149441,3112,5416,01010.0%
Ondo147,0812,8194,9857,60318,84234,25023.3%
Akwa Ibom6,80314729410.6%
Osun49,2903137801,4902,7065,28910.7%
Oyo2,612163197402861,36152.1%
Rivers37,78174871734447782.1%
Taraba236,8971,7001,7312,7289,07115,2306.4%
Anambra1,2691219141.1%
Bayelsa270,2954288031,6012,8755,7072.1%
Benue2000000.0%
Cross River681,6381,8773,1938,03818,26331,3724.6%




Primary forest loss by year at the subnational area (administrative level 2)

Sub-national admin area 1Admin area 2Primary forest extent
(2001)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-05)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2006-10)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2011-15)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2016-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
ha
Primary forest loss
(2001-20)
%
AbiaOsisioma Ngwa1000000.0%
AbiaUkwa East1,734000010.0%
AbiaUkwa West475000010.1%
AbiaUmu-Nneochi0000000.0%
AbiaArochukw2062014153114.9%
AbiaIsiala Ngwa South101000000.4%
AbiaOboma Ngwa7000002.2%
DeltaAniochaN5211272251326651.0%
DeltaIsokoSou3,618962461012186.0%
DeltaNdokwa East7,7581129582743734.8%
DeltaNdokwa West1,7591617169593.3%
DeltaOkpe4,722163244381302.8%
DeltaOshimili North1,1131178161.5%
DeltaOshimili South1,29127914322.5%
DeltaPatani2,10661011831105.2%
DeltaSapele10,67972823821391.3%
DeltaUdu66406126243.6%
DeltaUghelli North1,17615202113695.8%
DeltaAniochaS1,3697732951038528.1%
DeltaUghelli South7,5681619451702503.3%
DeltaUkwuani1,5875439211.3%
DeltaUvwie54214913285.1%
DeltaWarri North62,60211171131442850.5%
DeltaWarri South5,68872739311041.8%
DeltaWarri South-West43,36770971152054871.1%
DeltaBomadi4,2772336491712806.5%
DeltaBurutu62,8541441932615581,1561.8%
DeltaEthiope West5,2181321119551.0%
DeltaEthiopeE280011020.8%
DeltaIkaSouth163112142.7%
DeltaIsokoNor636010340.7%
EbonyiIshielu3000000.0%
EdoIgueben1,093021019720919.1%
EdoIkpoba-Okha10,261521662685341,0209.9%
EdoOredo Edo2,544527128758599539.1%
EdoOrhionmw6,2021132142387664210.3%
EdoOviaNort56,2971,4292,1032,3003,0828,91315.8%
EdoOviaSouth-West53,8148981,0932,0158184,8249.0%
EdoOwan East3,0973252122577541,54950.0%
EdoOwanWest11,2746471,4331,4162,9546,45057.2%
EdoUhunmwonde15,5644211,9162,8794,83510,05164.6%
EdoEsanCent0000000.0%
EdoEsanSout8116161333688.3%
EdoEsanWest848566023130235.7%
EdoEtsakoWe69014250796333348.3%
EkitiIse/Orun2,18241086715533315.3%
EnuguOji-River10000000.0%
EnuguUzo-Uwani11000000.0%
EnuguEzeagu12000001.2%
ImoNgor-Okp161000010.5%
ImoOguta465110130.6%
ImoOhaji/Eg2,21943324331.5%
AdamawaTeungo4,507210150.1%
LagosIkorodu12000014.4%
LagosKosofe9000000.0%
LagosLagosIsland14000000.5%
LagosOjo268011241.5%
LagosAlimosho50121047.1%
LagosAmuwo Odofin268001341.5%
LagosApapa15000002.6%
LagosBadagary356001341.1%
LagosEpe1,5894410931127.0%
LagosEti-Osa40100122.9%
LagosIbeju/Lekki508520679618837.0%
OgunIjebuNorth1,4451091418222415.5%
OgunIjebuOde280102312.4%
OgunIpokia79000000.3%
OgunObafemi-Owode40101136.7%
OgunOdogbolu180014526.0%
OgunOgunWaterside11,8463430582583803.2%
OgunShagamu6101731117.9%
OgunAdoOdo/Ota5811451111.9%
OgunEwekoro10000075.0%
OgunIfo380106719.5%
OgunIjebuEast46,1161,1698161,1972,1845,36611.6%
OndoIlajeEseodo10,28870110782244824.7%
OndoIleOluji/Okeigbo100000998.9%
OndoIrele90623244525.7%
OndoOdigbo21,4485878137779673,14414.7%
OndoOkitipupa2,57612811701023.9%
OndoOndo East15000014.6%
OndoOndo West8,4782953211672201,00211.8%
OndoOse14,4448421,2931,7143,2487,09849.1%
OndoOwo5,165893586252,3733,44466.7%
OndoAkure North1374181233726.8%
OndoEse-Odo19,1848621941290.7%
OndoIdanre63,8918922,0444,19211,54218,66929.2%
OndoIfedore45018125488218.3%
Akwa IbomIkot-Aba640000000.0%
Akwa IbomIni18000000.0%
Akwa IbomItu190010212.6%
Akwa IbomMbo575001240.7%
Akwa IbomMkpat Enin30000113.8%
Akwa IbomEastern Obolo34200120216.1%
Akwa IbomNsit Ubium0000000.0%
Akwa IbomOkobo3000000.0%
Akwa IbomOnna28000000.0%
Akwa IbomOron0000000.0%
Akwa IbomOruk-Ana300000000.0%
Akwa IbomUdung Uko12000000.6%
Akwa IbomUkanafun101000000.0%
Akwa IbomUruan395011120.6%
Akwa IbomEket503000110.2%
Akwa IbomUrueOffo1000000.0%
Akwa IbomUyo1000000.0%
Akwa IbomEsit Eket275000000.2%
Akwa IbomEtinan2000000.0%
Akwa IbomIbeno3,558013490.2%
OsunIfe North27,2231592834231,1141,9787.3%
OsunIfe South5,028621043337857711.5%
OsunIsokan4202267210420348.3%
OsunAyedaade16,619903679621,1112,53115.2%
OyoOluyole1,952152896391121,05554.1%
OyoOna-Ara66013010117430546.2%
RiversAbua/Odu17,22123181012624032.3%
RiversEmuoha306221051.7%
RiversEtche73010233.9%
RiversIkwerre58000000.0%
RiversKhana0000000.0%
RiversObio/Akp1000000.0%
RiversOgba/Egbe5,8113142281002023.5%
RiversOgu/Bolo0000000.0%
RiversOkrika107000000.2%
RiversOmumma73000000.1%
RiversAhoada East279111131.1%
RiversOpobo/Nkoro3721353113.1%
RiversOyigbo242000000.1%
RiversPort Harcourt39000000.0%
RiversAhoada West5,292151033631222.3%
RiversAkukutor3,637011570.2%
RiversAndoni/O361000110.4%
RiversAsari-To68012035.1%
RiversBonny519000000.1%
RiversDegema3,3231916170.5%
TarabaSardauna20,6794673637186292,17810.5%
TarabaUssa517030040.8%
TarabaBali7,4932049421252363.1%
TarabaDonga6,3215272752044026.4%
TarabaGashaka107,272872115491,0941,9411.8%
TarabaKurmi94,6141,0741,0341,3437,01910,46911.1%
AnambraIdemili South85000111.1%
AnambraOgbaru687010781.1%
AnambraOnitsha North15000001.6%
AnambraOnitsha South0000000.0%
AnambraOrumbaNo132000010.5%
AnambraAnambra East0000000.0%
AnambraAwkaNort203000000.2%
AnambraAwkaSout2000004.8%
AnambraAyamelum31000120.0%
AnambraEkwusigo142020132.2%
BayelsaBrass24,217219763572371.0%
BayelsaEkeremor70,5301161361743087341.0%
BayelsaKolokuma/Opokuma11,24345983453007887.0%
BayelsaNembe6,4805461311021.6%
BayelsaOgbia35,19550743965421,0623.0%
BayelsaSagbama28,981842001927851,2624.4%
BayelsaSouthern Ijaw80,25981962065058881.1%
BayelsaYenegoa13,39026971653476354.7%
BenueKwande2000000.0%
Cross RiverEtung52,6632902082931,7762,5664.9%
Cross RiverIkom38,2701532982549941,6984.4%
Cross RiverObanliku15,747916321011581.0%
Cross RiverObubra10,413114961248101,14411.0%
Cross RiverObudu5,5841012881402504.5%
Cross RiverOdukpani3,52015537481.4%
Cross RiverOgoja5071339153.0%
Cross RiverYakurr3,96710615015752193423.5%
Cross RiverAkamkpa343,1318471,5224,9229,10016,3914.8%
Cross RiverAkpabuyo3,9211101110330.8%
Cross RiverBakassi273010010.5%
Cross RiverBekwarra78000000.2%
Cross RiverBiase5,94574943211,0401,53025.7%
Cross RiverBoki197,3532727801,8263,7246,6013.3%
Cross RiverCalabar239002031.2%
Cross RiverCalabar South27000000.3%


 

2019 forest data for Nigeria | Archived forest data for Nigeria | Forest data for Nigeria

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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