STATISTICS: Northern Mariana Islands


Northern Mariana Islands

71.7% —or about 33,000 hectares—of Northern Mariana Islands is forested.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Northern Mariana Islands lost an average of 100 hectares of forest per year. The amounts to an average annual deforestation rate of 0.29%. Between 2000 and 2005, the rate of forest change increased by 105.9% to 0.59% per annum. In total, between 1990 and 2005, Northern Mariana Islands lost 5.7% of its forest cover, or around 2,000 hectares. Measuring the total rate of habitat conversion (defined as change in forest area plus change in woodland area minus net plantation expansion) for the 1990-2005 interval, Northern Mariana Islands lost 5.7% of its forest and woodland habitat.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: 0.0% of Northern Mariana Islands is protected under IUCN categories I-V.






Books

Northern Mariana Islands: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)46,000
Total Forest Area (ha)33,000
Percent Forest Cover71.74%
Primary Forest Cover (ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Primary Forest, % total land-
Other wooded land (ha)-


Northern Mariana Islands : Forest types
Tropical (% forest area)100%
Subtropical (% forest area)0%
Temperate (% forest area)0%
Boreal/polar (% forest area)0%


Northern Mariana Islands: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)--
Modified natural (ha | %)--
Semi-natural (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--


Northern Mariana Islands: Change in Forest Cover
TOTAL FOREST COVER
Forest 1990 (ha)35,000
Forest 2000 (ha)34,000
Forest 2005 (ha)33,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(100)-0.29%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(200)-0.59%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(2,000)-5.71%
Change in rate (%)105.88%
PRIMARY FOREST COVER
Primary 1990 (ha)-
Primary 2000 (ha)-
Primary 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
OTHER WOODED LAND
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
PLANTATIONS
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
TOTAL DEGRADATION/CONSERVSION
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)35,000
Other 2000 (ha)34,000
Other 2005 (ha)33,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(100)-0.29%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(200)-0.59%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(2,000)-5.71%
Change in rate (%)105.88%


Northern Mariana Islands: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)0
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)0.00%


Northern Mariana Islands: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)-
Protection (%)-
Conservation (%)-
Social Services (%)-
Multiple Services (%)100.0%
None of Unknown (%)-


Northern Mariana Islands: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)-
Insects (ha)-
Diseases (ha)-
Other (ha)-


Northern Mariana Islands: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 20050
World Heritage sites, 20040
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land0.0%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land0.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 20040.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 20040.00%


Northern Mariana Islands: Biodiversity - Wildlife
Amphibians
total species0
endemic species
threatened species0
Birds
total species93
endemic species10
threatened species13
Mammals
total species
endemic species1
threatened species2
Reptiles
total species0
endemic species1
threatened species2
Wildlife diversity
total species-
endemic species12
threatened species17


Northern Mariana Islands: Biodiversity - Plants
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
-
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
-
Number of Native tree species
Native tree species-
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Critically Endangered2
Endangered0
Vulnerable2
Vascular Plant Species, 2004
Total
Number endemic0
Number of Threatened Plant Species, 2004
Species threatened4


Northern Mariana Islands: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)-
Below-ground biomass (M t)-
Dead wood (M t)-
Total (M t)-
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in dead wood (M t)-
Carbon in litter (M t)-
Soil carbon (M t)-
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
1990-2000-
2000-2005-
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
1990-2000-
2000-2005-
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)-
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)-
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)-
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)-
Plant products 2005
Food (t)-
Fodder (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)-
Ornamental plants (t)-
Exudates (t)-
Other plant products (t)-
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)-
Hides, skins and trophies (units)-
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)-
Bush meat (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Other edible animal products (t)-
Other non-edible animal products (t)-
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)-
Wood fuel (US$)-
Non-wood forest products (US$)-
Total value (US$)-
Total value ($USD/ha)$-
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employed-


Northern Mariana Islands : Production, trade and consumption of forest products, 2002
Woodfuel ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production-
Imports-
Exports-
Consumption0
Industrial roundwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production-
Imports-
Exports-
Consumption0
Sawnwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production-
Imports0
Exports-
Consumption0
Wood-based panels ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production-
Imports0
Exports-
Consumption0
Pulp for paper ('000 metric tons), 2002
Production-
Imports-
Exports-
Consumption0
Paper and paperboard ('000 metric tons), 2002
Production-
Imports0
Exports-
Consumption0
Northern Mariana Islands: Environment
Environment - current issuescontamination of groundwater on Saipan may contribute to disease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts with development
Environment - international agreementsactive volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)


Northern Mariana Islands: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 13.04%
permanent crops: 4.35%
other: 82.61% (2001)
Natural resourcesarable land, fish


Northern Mariana Islands: Economy
Economy - overview:The economy benefits substantially from financial assistance from the US. The rate of funding has declined as locally generated government revenues have grown. The key tourist industry employs about 50% of the work force and accounts for roughly one-fourth of GDP. Japanese tourists predominate. Annual tourist entries have exceeded one-half million in recent years, but financial difficulties in Japan have caused a temporary slowdown. The agricultural sector is made up of cattle ranches and small farms producing coconuts, breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons. Garment production is by far the most important industry with employment of 17,500 mostly Chinese workers and sizable shipments to the US under duty and quota exemptions.
GDP - per capita$12,500 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)NA
Agriculture - productscoconuts, fruits, vegetables; cattle
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: NA, industry: NA, services: NA
Industries tourism, construction, garments, handicrafts
Economic aid - recipientextensive funding from US
Debt - externalNA
Population below poverty line (%)NA
Labor force - by occupation (%)NA


Northern Mariana Islands: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)80,362
Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.61%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)168.5
Percent rural (2003)5.8%
Median age (years)total: 29.33 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.27 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)Asian 56.3%, Pacific islander 36.3%, Caucasian 1.8%, other 0.8%, mixed 4.8% (2000 census)


[an error occurred while processing this directive] Northern Mariana Islands: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use21,000 (2000)
Telephones - mobile cellular3,000 (2000)
Roadways (km)total: 362 km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km (1991)


Northern Mariana Islands: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 75.88 years
male: 73.31 years
female: 78.61 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate7.11 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA

Northern Mariana Islands : References & Data Sources


 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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