Mongabay.com is considered a leading source of information on tropical forests by some of the world's top ecologists and conservationists. TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Rainforest Diversity

Countries with the Highest Biological Diversity



Total | Amphibians | Birds | Mammals | Reptiles | Vascular Plants




Total number of amphibian, bird, mammal, reptile, and vascular plant species, by country

Brazil59,851
Colombia54,649
China34,687
Indonesia32,680
Mexico28,836
South Africa25,052
Venezuela23,429
Ecuador22,065
United States21,474
India21,020
Peru20,081
Bolivia19,561
Australia17,974
Malaysia17,171
Costa Rica13,630
Thailand13,340
Papua New Guinea13,115
Congo, Dem Rep13,107
Russian Federation12,468
Viet Nam12,034
Tanzania11,906
Panama11,484
Argentina11,285
Madagascar10,541
Philippines10,127
Guatemala9,927
Cameroon9,921
Laos9,411
Turkey9,387
Paraguay8,935
Iran8,899
Myanmar8,709
Nicaragua8,642
Kenya8,353
Nepal8,213
Ethiopia8,011
Guyana7,672
Gabon7,620
Cuba7,159
Congo6,970
Honduras6,894
Mozambique6,859
Angola6,731
Kazakhstan6,708
French Guiana6,689
Brunei Darussalam6,644
Uganda6,492
Japan6,484
Italy6,309
Bhutan6,216
Nigeria6,132
Suriname6,122
Dominican Rep6,072
Chile6,059
Zambia5,981
Pakistan5,977
Bangladesh5,871
Spain5,796
Haiti5,716
Portugal5,714

Source: World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC), 2004. Species Data (unpublished, September 2004).

Total | Amphibians | Birds | Mammals | Reptiles | Vascular Plants


Continued: Rainforest diversity


Other pages in this section:

Rainforest Diversity
Canopy, Structure, & Area
Diversity of Image
- - - - -
References
Climate and Stability
Short Term Variation & Ice Ages
Mimicry & Camouflage
- - - - -
Kids version of this section
Why do rainforests have so
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Selection of information sources








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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2013

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