Mongabay.com is considered a leading source of information on tropical forests by some of the world's top ecologists and conservationists. TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Rainforest Diversity

Countries with the most number of vascular plant species



Total | Amphibians | Birds | Mammals | Reptiles | Vascular Plants




Total number of vascular plant species, by country


Wild red ginger flowers in Sumatra


Note, this data dates to 2004, but is the most recent available on a global scale. If you are aware of more up-to-date data, please contact us.

Brazil56215
Colombia51220
China32200
Indonesia29375
Mexico26071
South Africa23420
Venezuela21073
United States19473
Ecuador19362
India18664
Bolivia17367
Peru17144
Australia15638
Malaysia15500
Costa Rica12119
Thailand11625
Papua New Guinea11544
Russian Fed11400
Congo, Dem Rep11007
Viet Nam10500
Tanzania10008
Panama9915
Madagascar9505
Argentina9372
Philippines8931
Guatemala8681
Turkey8650
Laos8286
Cameroon8260
Iran8000
Paraguay7851
Nicaragua7590
Myanmar7000
Nepal6973
Gabon6651
Ethiopia6603
Cuba6522
Kenya6506
Guyana6409
Congo6000
Kazakhstan6000
Brunei Darussalam6000
Mozambique5692
Honduras5680
Dominican Rep5657
French Guiana5625
Italy5599
Japan5565
Bhutan5468
Chile5284
Haiti5242
Angola5185
Ukraine5100
Spain5050
Portugal5050
Suriname5018
Bangladesh5000
Tajikistan5000
Greece4992
Pakistan4950

Source: World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC), 2004. Species Data (unpublished, September 2004).

Total | Amphibians | Birds | Mammals | Reptiles | Vascular Plants


Continued: Rainforest diversity


Other pages in this section:

Rainforest Diversity
Canopy, Structure, & Area
Diversity of Image
- - - - -
References
Climate and Stability
Short Term Variation & Ice Ages
Mimicry & Camouflage
- - - - -
Kids version of this section
Why do rainforests have so
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Selection of information sources








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