List of Endangered species in Syria

This is a list of Endangered species in Syria according to the IUCN Red List.

This list was last updated 2019-09-14


This list contains only species that have been assessed for the IUCN Red List. It is therefore not representative of all the species in the country.

Species counts by country: Total | Amphibians | Birds | Fish | Mammals | Reptiles | Vascular Plants.

Capoeta barroisi Orontes Scraper 19025039 EN
Oxynoemacheilus hamwii Orontes Sportive Loach 19414192 EN
Alburnus qalilus Syrian Spotted Bleak 61370 EN
Oxynoemacheilus panthera Damascus Loach 19429195 EN
Chondrostoma kinzelbachi Levantine Nase 60753 EN
Vicia kalakhensis 176107 EN
Melanopsis dircaena 20593647 EN
Lathyrus cilicicus 120073467 EN


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Species are classified by the IUCN Red List into nine groups:
  • Extinct (EX) – beyond reasonable doubt that the species is no longer extant.
  • Extinct in the wild (EW) – survives only in captivity, cultivation and/or outside native range, as presumed after exhaustive surveys.
  • Critically endangered (CR) – in a particularly and extremely critical state.
  • Endangered (EN) – very high risk of extinction in the wild, meets any of criteria A to E for Endangered.
  • Vulnerable (VU) – meets one of the 5 red list criteria and thus considered to be at high risk of unnatural (human-caused) extinction without further human intervention.
  • Near threatened (NT) – close to being at high risk of extinction in the near future.
  • Least concern (LC) – unlikely to become extinct in the near future.
  • Data deficient (DD)
  • Not evaluated (NE)